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Ch. 5 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (41)
An organized pattern of physical growth in which the head develops more rapidly than the lower part of the body ("head to tail").
An organized pattern of physical growth that proceeds from the center of the body outward.
Nerve cells that store and transmit information.
The gaps between neurons, across which chemical messages are sent.
Chemicals released by neurons that cross the synapse to send messages to other neurons.
Loss of synapses by seldom-stimulated neurons, a process that returns neurons not needed at the moment to an uncommitted state so they can support future development.
Cells that are responsible for myelination of neural fibers, improving the efficiency of message transfer and, in certain instances, also participate directly in neural communication.
The coating of neural fibers with myelin, an insulating fatty sheath that improves the efficiency of message transfer.
The largest, most complex structure of the human brain, containing the greatest number of neurons and synapses, which accounts for the highly developed intelligence of the human species.
The region of the cerebral cortex, lying in front of areas controlling body movement, that is responsible for thought - in particular, for consciousness, inhibition of impulses, integration of imformation, and use of memory, reasoning, planning, and problem-solving strategies.
Experience-Expectant Brain Growth
Experience-Dependent Brain Growth
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
Conditioned Response (CR)
Dynamic Systems Theory of Motor Development
Statistical Learning Capacity
Amodal Sensory Properties
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