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HIS 1053 Carr-Shanahan Exam 1
Terms in this set (71)
Scottish-American industrialist, businessman who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry. One of the most important philanthropists of his era.
Became president after Lincoln assassination, democrat. Owned slaves. Declared secession is illegal. made the Thirteen Amendment official and refused to pay the Confederacy's debts.
A group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life.
Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
James Wilkes Booth shot AL, Johnson took over pres.
Argument put forward by Booker T. Washington that African-Americans should not focus on civil rights or social equality but concentrate on economic self-improvement
Battle of Little Bighorn
In 1876, Indian leaders Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse defeated Custer's troops who tried to force them back on to the reservation, Custer and all his men died.
Birth of A Nation
Controversial but highly influential and innovative silent film directed by D.W. Griffith. It demonstrated the power of film propaganda and revived the KKK.
Traded a portion of crop to work someone else's land. Landowners abused the system, keeping the farmers in debt and near slavery. No court would fairly try this after 1877.
Steel giant that dominated the industry. Run by rags to riches legend Andrew Carnegie who later teamed up with J.P. Morgan to form U.S. Steel, the first billion dollar corporation in 1900.
a person from the north who went to south to take advantage of Economic activities
Lead the Nez Perce during the hostilities between the tribe and the U.S. Army in 1877. His speech "I Will Fight No More Forever" mourned the young Indian men killed in the fighting.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate. American workers felt threatened by the job competition.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Prohibited discrimination against blacks in public place, such as inns, amusement parks, and on public transportation. Declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
A chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877).
groundbreaking American film director, directed The Birth of a Nation
Dawes Act of 1887
Intended to Americanize Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individualize owners.
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Railway Union, he led the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over
Constitutional amendment that guaranteed voting rights regardless of race or previous condition of servitude
All citizens born in USA are citizens
First to mention gender
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian in the early 20th century best known for his essay
"The Significance of the Frontier in American History"
in which he argued that the spirit and success of the United States was directly tied to the country's westward expansion.
George Armstrong Custer
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn.
Apache leader who fought U.S. soldiers to keep his land. He led a revolt of 4,000 of his people after they were forced to move to a reservation in Arizona.
Buffalo will return, white men will vanish. A religious revival.
Haymarket Square riot
100,000 workers rioted in Chicago. After the police fired into the crowd, the workers met and rallied in Haymarket Square to protest police brutality. A bomb exploded, killing or injuring many of the police.
United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production.
Homestead strike of 1892
Economic depression that led to cuts in steelworkers wages. Troops and local militia were called in to suppress the unrest
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work
Absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level
Settlement home designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.
Ida B. Wells
activist for anti-lynching laws and co-founder of the NAACP with W.E.B. Dubois.
A photographer, documented "how the other half lives"
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history. Used Horizontal integration
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
Lincoln's "10 percent" plan
A plan that offered southerners, amnesty for all illegal acts supporting the rebellion.
10% of population had to state loyalty to union.
Mining in the West
Gold in CA, silver in NV. mining in CO, UT, and other western states (frontier conflict), larger corporations begin to dominate. Helped to strengthen economy
An active, militant Irish organization of farmers based in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields who are believed responsible for much violence
Inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist. Contributed to design of modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Number of slaves freed at the end of the Civil War
Orville and Wilbur Wright
These brothers are credited with creating the first functioning airplane in 1903.
Included people from many Indian nations including Cheyenne, Arapahos, Piutes, and Sioux. Came into great conflict with settlers because settlers did not respect the Indian land.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Separate but equal, legal segregation
an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe.
Corrupt organized groups that controlled political parties in the cities. A boss leads the machine and attempts to grab more votes for his party.
Pullman strike of 1894
Workers rebelled because the Pullman Palace Car Company cut wages by 1/3 and the American Federation of Labor refused to support the strikers. Military action was needed in order to keep mail delivery on track.
Comanche leader who worked to settle disputes between Native Americans and the US Government
Railroad strike of 1877
First major post-Civil War strike; employees of the Baltimore and Ohio struck when the company lowered their wages; turned violent; President Hayes called out the U.S. army to suppress the strike
Range wars in the West
These erupted out of the tensions between competing groups such as sheepman and cattle, and ranchers and farmers
19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US history
Native white Southerners who supported the federal reconstruction plan and cooperated with the blacks in order to achieve their ends.
American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn
"Survival of the fittest"
An integrated multinational oil corporation lead by Rockefeller
Democratic political machine in New York, headed by Boss Tweed.
A set of ideas, also referred to as "scientific management," developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor, involving simple, coordinated operations in industry.
Tenure of Office Act
denied the President of the United States the power to remove anyone who had been appointed by a past President without the advice and consent of the United States Senate, unless the Senate approved the removal during the next full session of Congress.
The Black Codes
Laws that limited the freedom of African Americans, created by southerners.
The Comstock Lode
Lode of silver discovered by Henry Comstock along the Carson River in Nevada in 1859. Sent about 10,000 miners across the Sierra Nevada from California. Few actually came out wealthy.
The Freedmen's Bureau
An agency that provided poor people in the Union and slaves education, food, shelter, and more. This agency helped many people.
Thomas Alva Edison
This scientist received more than 1,300 patents for a range of items including the automatic telegraph machine, the phonograph, improvements to the light bulb, a modernized telephone and motion picture equipment.
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
Required 50% voters of a state to take a loyalty oath: permitted only non-Confederates to vote for a new state constitution. Lincoln refused to sign this bill.
William M. Tweed
head of New York City's Democratic political machine in 1860-1870, corrupt boss leaded The Tweed Ring
William Randolph Hearst
A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Why were Chinese in Cali a source of labor for railroads?
Cheap labor, didn't complain as much as others
I will "fight no more forever"
Speech given by Chief Joseph to Congress
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