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86 terms

Health IT Terminology

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etiology
the study of the causes of diseases
proximal
closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
thoracic
of or relating to the chest or thorax
corono
crown (coronary, corona, coronal)
posterior
situated behind or at the back
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
laparo
abdomen, abdominal wall
anomaly
deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
adipo
fat (combining form)
inguinal
Area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
iatrogenic
produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
endemic
of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality
cytology
the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
endocrine
ductless gland that produces an internal secretion
cephalo
head (cephalic, encephalitis)
congenital
present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
anaplasia
a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
cronitis
inflammation of a gland
mesentary
Membrane that helps support the intestine in the abdominal cavity
hereditary
passing, or capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes
aplasia
the defective development of an organ or tissue
hyperplasia
the enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues
congenital
present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
histology
the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
idiopathy
any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
ascites
abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
endemic
a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
epidemic
Affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.
diagnosis
the recognition of a disease or injury by symptoms; a critical analysis of the nature of something
differential diagnosis
known as rule out (R/O) - attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be producing the signs and symptoms that are present
prognosis
(n) a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation
remission
a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
acute
having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course
chronic
being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
pandemic
epidemic over a wide geographical area
s.o.a.p
subjective, objective, assesment, plan
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
physiology
science dealing with the functions of living things or their organs
pathology
any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
etiology
the study of the cause of a disease
how does histology differ from pathologist
histology study cells, pathologist study diseased tissue
epidemiologist
a specialist in the study of outbreaks of disease within a population group
adenoma
benign tumor that arises in, or resembles, glandular tissue
adenitis
inflammation of a gland or lymph node
adenopathy
a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)
adeno
combining form for gland
plasia
condition of formation, development, growth
chondro
combining form for cartilage
peritoneum
a multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
epithelium
the tissue or cellular membrane that covers all free surfaces of the body
endothelium
Innermost lining of blood vessels
gametes
specialized cells involved in sexual reproduction
types of epithelial tissue
epithelium & endothelium
examples of genetic disease
cystic fibrosis and Huntington's disease , metabolic diseases, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, lactose intolerant
2 types of glands
endocrine and exocrine
endo-
in, within
exo-
outside, outward
ventral
toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal); more in front
dorsal
Toward the back
AP View
refers to anterposterior view, as in an x-ray view with the patient facing the x-ray machine and the film behind their back; the image passes from front (anter/o) to back (posterior). PA view is just the opposite
PA View
posteroanterior view...CXR moves from posterior(back) to anterior(front)...back to machine..film touching chest Deep breath hold before xray taken
medial
Toward the midline of the body
lateral
lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body
proximal
closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
distal
situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone
midsagittal body plane
the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves
frontal body plane
Dividing the body into frontal and back.
transverse body plane
divides body into superior and inferior portions, upper and lower
anatomical directions: Anterior (Ventral)
Infront of, Front
anatomical direction: Posterior
After, behind, following toward the rear
anatomical direction: Distal
Away from, farther from the origin
anatomical direction: Proximal
Near, closer to the origin
anatomical direction: Dorsal
Near the upper surface, toward the back
anatomical direction: Ventral
Toward the bottom, toward the belly
anatomical direction: Superior
Above, over
anatomical direction: Inferior
Below, under
anatomical direction: Lateral
Toward the side, away from the mid-line
anatomical direction: Medial
Toward the mid-line, middle, away from the side
anatomical direction: Rostral
Toward the front
anatomical direction: Caudal
toward the back, toward the tail
anatomical body plane: Later or Sagital
Vertical plane that runs through your body from front to back or back to front. Divides the body into right and left regions.
anatomical body plane: Median or Midsagittal
Sagittal plane that divides body into EQUAL right and left regions
anatomical body plane: Parasagittal
Sagittal plane that divides body into UNEQUAL right and left regions
anatomical body plane: Frontal or Coronal
Vertical plane that runs through the center of your body from side to side, divides body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) regions.
anatomical body plane: Transverse
Horizontal plane that runs through the midsection of your body, divides body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) regions.