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Chapter 23 Terms
Chapter 23 Terms
Terms in this set (36)
The political social system that existed in France before the French revolution
One of the three social classes in France before the French Revolutions: First estate of clergy; second estate of nobility; and third estate of remaining population.
1774 King, caused huge debt from inheritance, American revolution and the refusal of banks to lend money. He married Marie Antoinette and put off France's bankruptcy until he was forced to call the estates-general. He sided with the nobles in keeping Medieval Law but later ordered the first two estates to join the National Assembly. The Parisian Revolt eventually made him leave to Paris.
Louis' wife, part of the Austrian royal family. Her extravagant spending granted her the name Madame-Deficit. She left Versailles with Louis after the Parisian revolt.
An assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France
A French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws an reforms in the name of the French people.
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution.
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
A statement of revolutionary ideals adopted by France's National Assembly in 1788.
A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the Constitution of 1791.
People who leave their native country for political reasons, like the nobles and others who fled France during the peasant uprising of the French Revolution.
in the French Revolution, a radical group made of Parisian wage earners and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages.
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
This leader set out to build a "republic of virtue". He tried to wipe out every trace of French monarchy and nobility. His reign of terror began when he was elected to become the leader of the Committee of Public Safety. The National Convention eventually beheaded him to save themselves.
Committee of Public Safety
A committee established during the French Revolution to identify "enemies of the republic".
Reign of Terror
The period, from mid-1973 to mid-1974, when Maximilien Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed.
The emperor of the French empire. He reformed the economy, government, society, and religion. He sold the Louisiana Purchase and lost the Battle of Trafalgar, yet at the peak of his empire, only Britain, the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, and Sweden remained free of his control.
Coup d etat
A sudden seizure of political power in a nation.
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal.
A government run public school in France
A formal agreement -- especially one between the pope and a government, dealing with the control of church affairs.
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon.
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated bty a British fleet under the control of Horatio Nelson.
the use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region.
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and Continental Europe, intended to destroy Britain's economy.
A member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks an enemy troops occupying his or her country.
A conflict, lasting from 1808-1813, in which Spanish rebels, with the end of British forces, fought to drive Napoleon's French Troops out of Spain.
The practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy cannot live off the land.
The battle that concluded Napoleon's last bid for power. Prussia and Britain defeated Napoleon's army.
The brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France.
Congress of Vienna
A series of meetings in 1814-15, during which the European leaders sought to establish long-lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon.
Klemens Von Metternich
the foreign minister of Austria, Metternich wanted to prevent French aggression by surrounding it with strong countries, restore a balance of power, and restore European royal families.
Balance of Power
A political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others.
the hereditary right of a monarch to rule.
A league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the Congress of Vienna.
Concert of Europe
A series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century, devised by Prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions.
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