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Chapter 6 American History I Matching Quiz
Terms in this set (30)
Killed during a failed invasion of Quebec by the Continental Army soldiers. He was hailed as a hero and was seen as a martyr to the American cause of liberty.
Since 1651, Parliament had passed a series of acts that regulated and taxed colonial trade. However, with the policy of salutary neglect and colonists' defiance, the laws had rarely been enforced or obeyed.
An Ottawa chief, who interpreted Delaware prophet Neolin's message of indigenous spiritual revival in military terms. He declared that the creator mandated resistance to "those who come to trouble your lands,--drive them out, make war upon them."
He gathered forces and tried to drive British military forces back east of the Alleghenies.
Proclamation of 1763
Responding to Pontiac's Rebellion, King George issued the ____________ prohibiting settlement and land sales west of the Appalachian Mountains.
English politician and philosopher. He wrote Two Treatises on Government which argued that governments must protect the rights of individuals to pursue life, liberty, and property.
Americans who opposed British taxes during the imperial crisis called themselves this after the opposition political party in England that stood against excesses of centralized royal power.
Founded the American Philosophical Society which pursued and promoted enlightened scientific knowledge.
Passed in 1765, the ________ taxed paper and documents, including newspapers, almanacs, and playing cards. Viewing it as an unjust direct tax, colonists protested it through crowd action, petitions, and the like.
A Member of the Virginia House of Burgesses that protested the Stamp Act.
Shoemaker and Seven Years' War veteran that led a crowd to attack Oliver's office and house. (Oliver was the Stamp Distributor in Boston.) The following day after this attack, Oliver resigned his position as tax collector.
Sons of Liberty
Originally formed to protest the Stamp Act, the __________ organized crowd actions and consumer boycotts, wrote petitions and pamphlets, and communicated and coordinated protests across the colonies.
One of the Boston Sons of Liberty leaders. He claimed that British subjects would have pursued the same strategies if they saw "their essential Unalienable Rights...invaded by Parliament."
Commander of the British military forces in the colonies told the government that he lacked the time, resources, and troops to subdue the opposition, as such a wide range of the populace seemed to be involved. (This was the resistance of the Stamp Act.)
Whig leader that declared that Parliament had no right to tax the unrepresented colonists.
In 1767 Parliament passed the _____________, which taxed tea, paper, lead, glass, and paint, and also continued the earlier tax on molasses.
Tensions between British soldiers and Boston's citizens erupted on March 5, 1770, in the ___________ after a crowd began harassing a British sentry. Eight soldiers responded by firing into the crowd, killing five.
Published inflammatory engraving of the Boston Massacre depicting the British soldiers as cruel murderers.
John Adams and Josiah Quincy, Jr.
Boston lawyers who were loyal to the Whig cause but believed in fair trials, helped acquit the British commander, Captain Preston (British commander during the Boston Massacre)
Boston Tea Party
On December 16, 1773, after Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused to allow three ships carrying tea to leave Boston Harbor without paying the duty under the Tea Act, approximately 50 men dressed as Indians climbed aboard the ships and dumped 90,000 pounds of tea into the water, an event that became known as the ________________.
Sanctioning Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed the ______________, which became known as the Intolerable Acts in the colonies. The acts closed Boston Harbor, reorganized Massachusetts government, imposed new quartering rules and royal control of local courts, and instated General Gage as governor of the colony.
Virginia legislator wrote a pamphlet A Summary View of the Rights of British America, it stated that the colonies held natural rights to free international trade and that only the king, not Parliament, held limited sovereignty over the colonies.
Wife of John Adams. During the tea boycott she referred to tea as "this weed of Slavery."
Virginian who wrote against the Coercive Acts. "The crisis is arrived when we must assert our rights or submit to every imposition, that can be heaped upon us, till custom and use shall make us as tame and abject slaves, as the blacks we rule over with such arbitrary sway."
Chose him to be the commander of the Continental Army.
First Continental Congress
In response to the Coercive Acts, representatives from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia in 1774. There, the ______________ petitioned the king to remedy their grievances.
After powder raids outside Boston, militia in Massachusetts and Connecticut prepared to respond to British troop movements at a moment's notice, calling themselves _____________.
Captured British Fort Ticonderoga.
Battle of Bunker Hill
Battle on June 17, 1775. This battle actually took place at Breed's Hill but was mistook for _________. While colonial forces retreated to end the battle, they claimed victory in proving they could hold up against greater numbers of well trained soldiers.
Olive Branch Petition
Three months after the military conflict had begun, the Continental Congress sent the ___________ to King George in July 1775, asking him to settle the conflict.
Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Jefferson and passed by the Continental Congress, the _____________ delineated grievances and asserted American independence and sovereignty. It was issued to the public on July 4, 1776.
Radical British writer who emigrated and took up the colonial cause, urged Americans in his popular pamphlet Common Sense at the beginning of 1776 to declare their independence to guarantee political relations and trade with "foreign Courts."
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