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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Genome
  2. Proteomes
  3. Enzymes (Proteomes)
  4. Experimental Group
  5. Vertical Descent with Mutation
  1. a in an experiment, the group that is exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable.
  2. b 1. Progression of changes in a lineage
    2. New species evolve from preexisting species by the accumulation of mutations
    3. Natural selection takes advantage of beneficial mutations
  3. c Is the entire protein complement of a cell or organism. Proteins are largely responsible for the structure and function of cells and complete organisms. All of the proteins that a cell or organism can make.
  4. d Proteins that speed up chemical reactions. Proteins function as enzymes to synthesize and break down cellular molecules and macromolecules.
  5. e entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in its DNA

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1. Stores information in a stable form: The genome of every organism stores information that provides a blueprint to create its characteristics.

    2. Provides continuity from generation to generation: The genome is copied and transmitted from generation to generation.

    3. Acts as an instrument of evolutionary change: Every now and then, the genome undergoes a mutation that may alter the characteristics of an organism. In addition, a genome may acquire new genes by horizontal gene transfer. The accumulation of such changes from generation to generation produces the evolutionary changes that alter species and produce new species.
  2. (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission
  3. independent variable, the component or factor being tested
  4. 1. Proposed explanation for a natural phenomenon
    2. Educated guess based on previous observations or experimental studies
    3. Hypothesis must make predictions that can shown to be correct or incorrect (must be falsifiable)
    4. Additional observations or experiments support or reject a hypothesis
    5. A hypothesis is never absolutely proven
    6. We may not have found the true explanation for a phenomenon.
  5. 1. Cells and Organization
    2. Energy Use and Metabolism
    3. Response to Environmental Changes
    4. Regulation and Homeostasis
    5. Growth and Development
    6. Reproduction
    7. Biological Evolution

5 True/False questions

  1. Taxonomic GroupDoKi P ClOFaGeS

    - Domain (largest)
    - Kingdom
    - Phylum
    - Class
    - Order
    - Family
    - Genus
    - Species (smallest) It describes genetically similar individuals that are capable of mating to produce fertile offspring.

          

  2. All life-forms are composed of ____.Connected by an Evolutionary History

          

  3. Prokaryotessingle-celled organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nucleus

          

  4. Cell Organization (Proteomes)Proteins are needed for cell signaling with other cells and with the environment. The molecular mechanisms by which cells detect and respond to external stimuli and send messages to other cells

          

  5. Discovery Based Sciencea sample that receives no treatment during an experiment, and demonstrates what happens if no experimental variables are applied.

          

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