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Choral Lit Test #2
Terms in this set (51)
Monteverdi and Schütz
Modern Strings, Modern Flute, Oboe
Emotional states/ moods
Baroque pieces generally show how many affects?
Continuity and beat is emphasized more
Baroque rhythmic traits
Opening melody will be heard again
Character remains the same
Baroque melodic traits
Sudden shifts in dynamics from big group to small group- decrescendo and crescendo were not common
Baroque dynamic traits
Hierarchy of voices
Baroque vocal texture
Bass part with numbers, which specify the chords to be played above it
Harpsichord, organ, theorbo, cello, bassoon, double bass
Musical idea repeated over and over in the bass while the melodies above it change
Who is a composer that often used ground bass?
A small group or soloists pitted against a larger group
A reoccurring orchestral passage
Coined the phrase "Seconda practice"
Wrote the first opera
Psalms of David, Symphonie sacrae, die Sieben Worte
Works by Heinrich Schutz
Who brought Italian styles and ideas to Germany?
Weimar, Cöthen, Leipzig
JS Bach's three professional periods
Where JS Bach wrote most of his organ music
Where JS Bach wrote most of his instrumental music
Where JS Bach was cantor and wrote most of his choral music
French dance pieces
German church music
JS Bach's music was drawn from what styles? (3)
Church whose service lasted 4 hours, and was translated into the vernacular
Multi- movement work in the Lutheran Church, written for chorus, organ, and small orchestra
Chorus is VERY important in which genre?
Handel is best known for what two genres?
Israel in Egypt
Name a few of Handel's oratorios
Prima practica (Stile antico)
The style of composition that uses polyphony and chant
Seconda Practica (Stile moderno)
The style of composition that uses hierarchy of voices, and influence of instrumental forms/ concerto
Who revived St. Matthew Passion in 1829?
Who wrote the libretto for St. Matthew Passion?
Text from the book of Matthew
The 3 strands of text used in the St. Matthew Passion
In SMP, "Herr" is spoken how many times?
in SMP, the accompaniment with Jesus's solo parts that characterized it as more holy and sacred
Antonio Vivaldi belonged to what school of composition?
Ospedale della Pieta
The female orphanage that Vivaldi was employed at for the majority of his life
The musical instrument that Vivaldi excelled at
The Red Priest
We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee
Translation of Laudamus Te
Mass, motet, contata, oratorio, passion
Some genres that JS Bach composed in
What element of Bach's style made him stand out from other Baroque composers?
Dublin, Ireland (1742)
The Messiah premiered where?
The singers do not assume dramatic roles, and very little use is made of quoted speech
What is different about Handel's Messiah than his other oratorios?
Who re- orchestrated the Messiah in 1789?
To meet the abilities of soloists and available instruments with each of the original performances
Why did Handel re- write the Messiah so many times?
Soli deo gloria: "to God alone the glory"
What is the meaning of "SDG" written at the end of Handel's Messiah?
The librettist for the Messiah
Focus on chorus
Music was written to properly convey words- imagery
Trademarks of Handel's style
Dido and Aeneas
First English Opera
Song of tribute or dedication