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Terms in this set (30)
The introduction to the Constitution. Basic idea of American government - the right of the people to govern themselves.
The power to govern is shared between the state and federal governments.
Powers that only belonging to the federal government
Powers that both the state and federal governments share
Powers belonging only to the states
A group of members that hold meetings, making changes to bills and recommending passage of bills.
A Change to the Constitution
The government operates on the consent of the governed.
A government where people elect representatives and give them the responsibility to make laws and conduct government.
Making sure the government only has powers granted by the people.
Separation of Powers
The powers to govern are separated amongst the three branches of government so that no one group gains more powers than another.
Checks and Balances
A system where each branch has powers that limit/make sure that the other branches don't gain too much power
The bill of rights, protects our rights as individuals
Powers authorized by the Constitution
Role of the Judicial Branch
Interprets and applies the law, declares whether or not laws are Constitutional, and official's decisions
Role of the Legislative Branch
Makes the laws, imposes taxes, declares war
Role of the Executive Branch
Carries out laws, Commander in Chief, Head of State, Legislative Leader, Chief Diplomat
Names of the 3 branches
Legislative, Judicial, Executive
What are the rights, duties and responsibilities of a U.S. Citizen?
U.S. Citizens have the right to be unprotected from unfair government action, to have equal treatment under the law and to enjoy basic freedoms. The duties of Americans are to obey laws, pay taxes, defend the nation, serve on juries. Voting is the responsibility of a U.S. Citizen.
How can the judicial branch check the power of the executive branch?
It can declare the President's actions unconstitutional
How does the Executive Branch check the powers of the Judicial Branch?
The president has the power to appoint judges
What is Congress's role in government spending?
Congress controls the government's spending. They decide when and what to spend it on.
How are popular sovereignty and voting connected?
Voting is the way that popular sovereignty is carried out in America. Popular sovereignty means that the citizens of the country give their permission for the government to operate. Voting is how the citizens of a country give their permission for the government to operate. While voting, citizens elect the people that they believe will do the best at leading the country, thus making the government operable. Voting is how popular sovereignty works.
Are the rights of American citizens unlimited?
The rights of American citizens are not unlimited, however, everyone in America does have rights. The unalienable rights announced in the Declaration of Independance are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. There are also 10 rights outlined in the Constitution. These 10 rights are amendments to the Constitution, and are called the Bill of Rights. The rights of Americans are not unlimited, but the rights that are given are equal, and the same, for everyone.
What is the importance of Federalism in the Constitution?
The Constitution is based around the idea of federalism. Federalism separates the powers to govern, and shares them between the national government and the states, so that one group does not This was a huge deal for the framers because they did not want the new country to be like England, which is ruled by one group of people. They wanted to get away from a really strong federal government, so they gave certain powers to the state governments (reserved powers), and certain powers to the national government (enumerated powers). Powers shared by the states and the federal government are called concurrent powers. The framers of the Constitution made it very evident that the governing powers are split up, and federalism was one of the ways that this happened.
Describe the 6 principles outlined in the Constitution
The preamble sets forth a basic idea of American government, which is the right of the people to govern themselves. Six major principles are found in the preamble. The first principle is to form a more perfect union; a country better than it was previously. The second principle is to establish justice. This means to create a justice system so that infractions of the law are dealt with, and the rights of Americans are defended. The third principle is to ensure domestic tranquility, meaning to have peace in the country. The fourth principle is providing for the common defense. This means that the country has a fully funded military. The fifth principle is to promote the general welfare. This means that America is an economically sound place to live in. The sixth, and final, major principle outlined in the preamble is to secure the blessings of liberty, meaning that everyone has the freedoms they are entitled to. The preamble to the Constitution provides an idea of the basic principles of government, and the concepts of the new country.
What can the Legislative Branch do to limit the powers of the Judicial Branch?
Impeach Justices, can reject appointment of judges
What can the Legislative Branch do to limit the powers of the Executive Branch?
Impeach officials, override vetoes, reject appointments, and deny treaties
Goals of the President as Legislative Leader
Follow through on Bills
Marbury v Madison
The 1803 case that expanded the powers of the Supreme Courts by declaring an act of Congress unconstitutional. "Judicial Review"
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