5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Which organs occupy the thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity?
- Describe the membranes associated with the Thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities.
- What are the difference between anatomy & physiology?
- How do body parts at different levels of organization vary in complexity?
- What is the function of pressure in the body?
- a It plays an important role in breathing and keeps blood flowing through blood vessels.
- b Serous: line the walls of the thoracic and abdom. cavities - secrete a slippery serous fluid that separates the layer lining the wall of the cavity.
Pleural: a thin film of serous fluid separates the parietal and visceral.
Pericardial: located in the broadest portion of the mediastinum.
Peritoneal: lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity & visceral peritoneum covers most of the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity.
- c Thoracic: lungs & a region between the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus.
Abdominal: stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidney, small/large intestines.
Pelvic: terminal end of large intestines, urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs.
- d Anatomy ( cutting up) examines the structures of the body parts.
Physiology ( relationship to nature) considers the functions of the body part.
- e The heart consists of muscle, fat & nervous tissue. Cells of complex organism such as human contain structures called organelles that carry out specific activities. Organelles are composed of large molecules, including proteins, carbs, lipids, & nucleic acids. Most human cells contain a complete set of genetic instructions allowing cells to specialize.
5 Multiple choice questions
Cause movement, maintain posture, produce body heat.
- Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavity, and middle ear cavity.
- anatomical structures make it possible to learn their function. Each part contributes to the whole. Parts form a well organized unit- the human organism.
- Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands.
Protect tissue, regulate body temp, support sensory receptors.
- Bones, ligaments, cartilage.
Provide framework, protect soft tissue, provide attachments for muscles, produce blood cells, store inorganic salts.
5 True/False questions
Describe the anatomical position. → Sagittal: lengthwise cut, divides the body into right and left portions.
Transverse: divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
Frontal: divides the body into anterior & posterior portions.
Why is homeostasis so important to survival? → It maintains a stable internal environment. When we become over heated there is a internal set point that indicates to the hypothalamus to trigger a changed in body temp to reduce the heat in the body. Sweat glands in the skin secretes watery perspiration this allows the body to cool down.
Name the major organ systems. → Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavity, and middle ear cavity.
Distinguish between the parietal & visceral peritoneum. → Parietal: covers the heart surface & is separated from the parietal pericardium by a small volume of serious fluid.
Visceral: covers the heart surface & is separated from the parietal pericardium by a small volume of serous fluid.
Describe three types of body sections. → Standing erect, the face is forward and the upper limbs are at the sides with the palms forward.