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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Which requirement of organisms does the external environment provide?
  2. Describe the anatomical position.
  3. Describe the Nine regions of the abdomen.
  4. List organs of Integumentary system and describe its general function.
  5. List organs of the Digestive System and describe its general function.
  1. a Epigastric: upper middle portion
    Lt/Rt hypochondriac: Lt/Rt side of the epiogastric region
    Lt/Rt lumbar: Lt/Rt side of umbilical
    Hypogastric: lower middle portion
    Lt/Rt Iliac ( inguinal): Lt/Rt side of the hypogastric region
  2. b Mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreases, small/large intestines.
    Receive, break down, and absorb food; eliminate unabsorbed material
  3. c Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands.
    Protect tissue, regulate body temp, support sensory receptors.
  4. d Water: transports substances and regulates temp.
    Food: provide nutrients, which provide energy & raw materials for new matter
    Oxygen: releases energy from nutrient. Energy in turn, is used to drive metabolic process.
    Heat: form of energy in environment production of metabolic reactions & it controls the rate at which these reactions occur.
    Pressure: application of force on an object or substance.
  5. e Standing erect, the face is forward and the upper limbs are at the sides with the palms forward.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs.
    Detect changes, receive and interpret sensory information, stimulate muscles and glands.
  2. Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
    Intake and output of air, exchange of gases between air and blood.
  3. Glands that secrete hormones
    Control metabolic activities of body structures.
  4. Serous: line the walls of the thoracic and abdom. cavities - secrete a slippery serous fluid that separates the layer lining the wall of the cavity.
    Pleural: a thin film of serous fluid separates the parietal and visceral.
    Pericardial: located in the broadest portion of the mediastinum.
    Peritoneal: lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity & visceral peritoneum covers most of the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity.
  5. Adult onset disorders grayer/white hairs deeper skin wrinkles proportion of fat to water in the tissue change. Lipofuscin & ceroid pigment accumulate when a cell can no longer prevent the formation of O2 radicals generalized metabolic slowdown diminished tolerance to cold, weight gain and fatigue.

5 True/False questions

  1. List an example of how structures of a body part makes possible its functions.The functional role arise from the way the body part is constructed. Ex. The arrangement of bones and muscles in the human hand, with its long jointed fingers, making grasping possible.

          

  2. Name the major organ systems.Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavity, and middle ear cavity.

          

  3. Distinguish between the parietal & visceral peritoneum.Parietal: covers the heart surface & is separated from the parietal pericardium by a small volume of serious fluid.
    Visceral: covers the heart surface & is separated from the parietal pericardium by a small volume of serous fluid.

          

  4. Why is it difficult to separate the topic of anatomy & physiology?anatomical structures make it possible to learn their function. Each part contributes to the whole. Parts form a well organized unit- the human organism.

          

  5. Describe three types of body sections.Standing erect, the face is forward and the upper limbs are at the sides with the palms forward.