43 terms

Chapter 1 Prefixes

Prefixes from Chapter 1 (Text: Medical Terminology - A Living Language)
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a-
Without, Away From (aphasia: without speech)
an-
Without (anoxia: without oxygen)
ante-
Before, In Front Of (antepartum: before birth)
anti-
Against (antibiotic: against life)
auto-
Self (autograft: a graft from one's own body)
brady-
Slow (bradycardia: slow heartbeat)
Contra-
Against (contraception: against conception)
de-
Without (depigmentation: without pigment)
dys-
Painful, Difficult, Abnormal (dyspnea: difficulty breathing)
endo-
Within, Inner (endoscope: instrument to view within)
epi-
Upon, Over (epigastric: upon or over the stomach)
eso-
Inward (esotropia: inward turning)
eu-
Normal, Good (eupnea: normal breathing)
ex-
External, Outward (exostosis: condition of external bone)
exo-
Outward (exotropia: outward turning)
extra-
Outside Of (extracorporeal: outside of the body)
hetero-
Different (heterograft: graft [like a skin graft] from another species
homo-
Same (homograft: graft [like a skin graft] from the same species)
hydro-
Water (hydrotherapy: water therapy)
hyper-
Over, Above (hypertrophy: overdevelopment)
hypo-
Under, Below (hypodermic: under the skin)
in-
Not; Inward (infertility: not fertile); (inhalation: to breathe in)
inter-
Among, Between (intervertebral: between the vertebrae)
intra-
Within, Inside (intravenous: inside, within a vein)
macro-
Large (macrotia: having large ears)
micro-
Small (microtia: having small ears)
myo-
To Shut (myopia: to shut eyes/squint)
neo-
New (neonatology: study of the newborn)
pan-
All (pansinusitis: inflammation of all the sinuses)
para-
Beside, Near; Abnormal; Two like parts of a pair (paranasal: beside the nose); (paresthesia: abnormal sensation); (paraplegia: paralysis of two like parts of a pair/the legs)
per-
Through (percutaneous: through the skin)
peri-
Around (pericardial: around the heart)
post-
After (postpartum: after birth)
pre-
Before, In Front Of (preoperative: before a surgical operation)
pro-
Before (prolactin: before milk)
pseudo-
False (pseudocyesis: false pregnancy)
retro-
Backward, Behind (retroperitoneal: behind the peritoneum)
sub-
Below, Under (subcutaneous: under, below the skin)
supra-
Above (suprapubic: above the pubic bone)
tachy-
Rapid, Fast (tachcardia: fast heartbeat)
trans-
Through, Across (transurethral: across the urethra)
ultra-
Beyond, Excess (ultrasound: high-frequency sound waves)
un-
Not (unconscious: not conscious)
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