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Terms in this set (28)
How did the Protestant Reformation affect women?
The emphasis on reading the Bible for oneself stimulated education and literacy for women.
What facilitated the spread of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?
The printing press.
What did the New England Puritans in North America emphasize?
Education and civic responsibility.
Which group had the greatest success in converting people outside of Europe to Christianity?
Spanish Catholic missionaries in the Philippines
Which was generally more true of Catholics than Protestants in European colonies?
Catholics were more intent on converting native peoples.
Which was a goal of the Wahhabi movement?
To return to the absolute monotheism of authentic Islam
Which is a principle or practice upheld in Sikhism?
Equality of men and women
What condition in Europe that was absent in China and the Islamic world contributed to the Scientific Revolution?
The relative independence of European universities.
Which describes European reaction to the syncretic regions of African slave communities in the New World?
Both Wang Yangmin in his view of Confucianism and Martin Luther in his view of Christianity--
Argued that individuals could find their own path to virtue and salvation.
Which represents a form of Hinduism that shared features with mystical Sufi forms of Islam?
The Bhakti movement
In what way did nineteenth-century developments in the sciences depart from Enlightenment principles?
They emphasized conflict and struggle as the motors of progress.
Why did Sikhism evolve from a peaceful religion into a militant community?
They had to defend themselves against both Mughal and Hindu hostility.
How was the Enlightenment related to the Scientific Revolution?
The Enlightenment applied the idea of natural laws to human affairs rather than the physical universe.
Which describes the reception of modern European since China, Japan, and the Ottoman Empire during the early modern era?
Selective adoption of European scientific learning.
What made Martin Luther's ninety-five Theses revolutionary?
The idea that an individual could find salvation by faith alone.
What was the significance of the Peace of Westphalia?
It granted the ruler of each European state the authority to control religious affairs within his own domain.
What factor made some parts of the world more receptive to Christianity than others?
The absence of a literate world religion.
Why did the Chinese imperial court initially welcome the Jesuit missionaries?
The Jesuits' knowledge in mathematics, astronomy, technology, geography, and map making was useful to the Chinese
Which marked a major turning point in the relationship between China and Christian missionaries?
The pope's claim of Authority over Chinese Christians.
What similar feature did Andean Christianity and Mexican Christianity share?
Both reinterpreted Christian practices within the framework of local customs.
During the centuries between 1450-1750, the spread of Islam was usually the--
Work of Muslim holy men, scholars, and traders.
What did the kaon hens movement in China emphasize?
Verification, precision, accuracy, and rigorous analysis in all fields of inquiry.
Europeans who participated in the Scientific Revolution placed value on knowledge that was based on--
he early scientists in the Scientific Revolution
Saw no conflict between science and religion
Which did all Enlightenment thinkers share?
The belief in progress and reason
Which was a reaction to the reliance on human reason during the eighteenth century in Europe?
Which reflects the Enlightenment view of the innate qualities of the individual?
Thoughtful, rational, and independent
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