24 terms

law and ethics chapter 3

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criminal
anyone who has committed a criminal offense or who has been proven guilty of such an offense
civil
pertaining to crimes against a person or persons.
defendant
a person or party against whom a plantiff's allegations are brought
cited
mentioned in reference to legal sources that support a proposition of law to be established
felony
a crime more then serious than a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death
misdemeanor
an offense less serious than a felony and which may be punished by a fine or sentence toa local prison for less than one year.
Manslaughter
an unpremeditated taking of a human life
Larceny
stealing or removing someone's personal property to convert it illegally or deprive the owner of its possession.It is a felony.
arson
intentional burning of another's building or property for a malicious or illegal purpose.
burglary
breaking and entering for the purpose of committing a crime.
mayhem
the wanton causing of violent injury to a person or thing
assault
any deliberate attempt or threat to inflict bodily injury upon another person and with apparent ability to do so.
battery
illegal touching of another person
detterence
punishment used to discouraged crime
intentional
deliberate
district court
division of the trial court, serving a specific geogrpahic area, with only one judge to decide a case.
indictment
written accusation charging a party with committing a crime which is drawn up by the prosecuting attorney and issued by a grand jury.
Euthanasia
Intentional action or lack of action causing the merciful death of someone suffering from a terminal illness or incurable condition.
First-degree murder
premeditated murder or murder committed with extreme cruelty
Malice
unjust intention to commit an illegal act to injure someone
Conspiracy
an agreement among conspirators
Fiduciary
holding or held in trust
domestic violence
abuse, physical or mental that occurs in a home.
fraud
deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain