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67 terms

Beowulf Vocabulary

Vocabulary words extracted from the text of Beowulf
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atheling
an Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; especially : the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family
flourish
1: to grow luxuriantly; thrive 2 a: to achieve success : prosper <a flourishing business> b: to be in a state of activity or production <flourished around 1850> c: to reach a height of development or influence 3: to make bold and sweeping gestures
encroach
1 : to enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another 2 : to advance beyond the usual or proper limits <the gradually encroaching sea>
prosper
1: to succeed in an enterprise or activity; especially : to achieve economic success 2: to become strong and flourishing
tribute
1: a payment by one ruler or nation to another in acknowledgment of submission or as the price of protection 2 a: something given or contributed voluntarily as due or deserved; especially : a gift or service showing respect, gratitude, or affection b: something (as material evidence or a formal attestation) that indicates the worth, virtue, or effectiveness of the one in question <the design is a tribute to his ingenuity>
bestow
1 : to put to use : apply <bestowed his spare time on study> 2 : to put in a particular or appropriate place : stow 3 : to provide with quarters : put up 4 : to convey as a gift —usually used with on or upon
wield
1: to deal successfully with : manage 2: to handle (as a tool) especially effectively <wield a broom> 3 a: to exert one's authority by means of <wield influence> b: have at one's command or disposal <did not wield appropriate credentials
accoutrement
1 a: equipment, trappings; specifically : a soldier's outfit usually not including clothes and weapons —usually used in plural b: an accessory item of clothing or equipment —usually used in plural 2: an identifying and often superficial characteristic or device —usually used in plural <accoutrements of power that define our diplomacy
hoard
(n) a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away (v) 1: to lay up a hoard of 2 : to keep (as one's thoughts) to oneself
patriarch
1 a: one of the scriptural fathers of the human race or of the Hebrew people b: a man who is father or founder c (1): the oldest member or representative of a group (2): a venerable old man d: a man who is head of a patriarchy
mead
a fermented beverage made of water and honey, malt, and yeast
pallet
1 : a straw-filled tick or mattress 2 : a small, hard, or temporary bed
glut
1 : to fill especially with food to satiety 2 : to flood (the market) with goods so that supply exceeds demand
lament
1 : to express sorrow, mourning, or regret for-- often demonstratively : mourn 2 : to regret strongly
foe
1: one who has personal enmity for another 2 a: an enemy in war b: adversary, opponent
affliction
the cause of persistent pain or distress ; great suffering
omen
an occurrence or phenomenon believed to portend a future event : augury
prow
1 : the bow of a ship : stem 2 : a pointed projecting front part
plough
chiefly British variant of plow; an implement used to cut, lift, and turn over soil especially in preparing a seedbed
belie
1 a: to give a false impression of b: to present an appearance not in agreement with 2 a: to show (something) to be false or wrong b: to run counter to : contradict
assailant
one who attacks violently with blows or words
chafe
to irritate or vex; to rub so as to wear away;
unscathed
wholly unharmed, not injured
ample
Of large or great size, amount, extent, or capacity; more than enough
oppression
the act of subjugating by cruelty; a feeling of being heavily weighed down in mind or body
venture
an undertaking that is dangerous, daring or of uncertain outcome; a business enterprise involving some risk in the expectation of gain
harrow
archaic: to plunder or sack; modern: a farm implement for plowing; to inflice great distress or torment on
dwindle
to become gradually less until little remains
dissuade
to turn away from, by persuation
loathsome
highly offensive, arousing aversion or disgust
undaunted
Not discouraged or disheartened; resolutely courageous
blithe
Carefree and lighthearted; showing a lack of due concern
embelllish
to make beautiful as by ornamentation; decorate: or to add ornamental or fictitious details to
gluttonous
given to excess in consumption, especially of food or drink; indulging in something to excess
intricate
having many complexly arranged elements
grisly
inspiring repugnance; gruesome
pliant
easily bent or flexible; pliable
flagging
declining; weakening
wield
to handle with skill and ease, often a tool or weapon
repertory
A place, such as a storehouse, where a stock of things is kept; a repository
lament
to express grief, sorrow, or regret
elicit
to bring out or draw forth
hasp
A metal fastener with a hinged slotted part that fits over a staple and is secured by a pin, bolt, or padlock
fetters
chains or shackels for the ankles or feet; something that serves to restrict or restrain
prowess
superior skill or ability
disparage
To speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; belittle
pyre
a heap of combustibles for burning a corpse as a funeral rite
insatiable
impossible to satiate or satisfy
bolster
to support or prop up; to bouy up or hearten
ogress
a female giant who likes to eat humans
reconnoiter
to make a preliminary inspection of
gaff
a large iron hook for landing large fish; slang - a trick or gimmick
incensed
to be extremely angry or infuriated at something unjust or wrong
bulwark
something serving as a defense or safeguard
invidious
tending to rouse ill will or animosity
bower
a shaded, leafy recess, an arbor; a rustic cottage or retreat
fealty
the fidelity owed by a vassal to his feudal lord; faithfulness or allegiance
intransigent
uncompromising; refusing to moderate a position, especially an extreme one
demur
to voice opposition or object
fen
low, flat, swampy land; a bog or marsh
parlay
stake winnings from one bet on a subsequent wager
reparation
The act or process of making amends or repair
thane
A freeman granted land by the king in return for military service in Anglo-Saxon England
canny
showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others
mettle
courage and fortitude; spirit
baleful
Portending evil; ominous
quail
to draw back, as with fear or pain; flinch or cringe