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1) Do we know much about Shakespeare's life?
No, it is much of a mystery.
2) What was going on in England during Shakespeare's life?
Exploration and conquest. England was an international power. There was a new pride in the nation. This time period is known as the "Renaissance."
3) Who was ruler of England at the time of Shakespeare's birth?
Queen Elizabeth. Thus, the age is known as the "Elizabethan Age."
4) When was Shakespeare born? Date
April 23, 1564
5) Where was Shakespeare born?
6) When Shakespeare was born, did his family have money? What did his father do?
Yes, they were upper class. His father was a glove and leather maker. Eventually his father became high baliff (sheriff) of Stratford.
7) What language did Shakespeare study in school?
8) What author did Shakespeare study in school that may have inspired him as an adult?
Ovid, a Greek author.
9) Did Shakespeare go to university? Why or why not?
No, His father's business did poorly, and the family didn't have the money.
10) What years are known as "the lost years"?
Years of his teens and early 20's.
11) Who did Shakespeare marry?
12) How old was Shakespeare when he married?
18 years old
13) How much older was she than he?
8 years older
14) Why did he marry her?
She was pregnant
15) How many children did he have?
16) What were the children's names?
Suzanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith.
17) What year did Shakespeare leave Stratford to live and write in London?
18) What kinds of writing did Shakespeare do?
Historical and comic plays; sonnets and poems.
19) What nobleman took an interest in Shakespeare, and about which he wrote and dedicated several sonnets in 1593 and 1594?
The Earl of South Hampton.
20) Who is "the dark lady"?
The woman described in one of Shakespeare's sonnets. She was a woman that the speaker in the poem resents and considers treacherous and duplicitous.
21) Was Shakespeare popular and successful in his own time?
Yes, very much so.
22) How many plays did he produce in his 20 years in London?
23) Why do critics believe that he had an unhappy marriage?
He lived in London and his family lived in Stratford-on-Avon. There are not many happy marriages in his plays. One character in a play gives this advice: "Don't marry an older woman." In Shakespeare's Will, he left his wife his "second best bed."
24) In the 1590's, what threatened London and constantly caused the theaters to close?
25) How many people were dying per week at the plague's peak?
Up to 1,000 per week.
26) A fascination with ____________ resonates throughout his plays.
27) What happened on Aug. 11, 1596?
His 11-year-old son, Hamnet, died.
28) What did this mean?
There would be no heir to inherit Shakespeare's fortune.
29) Towards the end of the 1590's, what play did Shakespeare write?
30) In 1599, where did Shakespeare rebuild his theater?
(The original theater was called "The Black Friar." ) South across the river Thames to the area in London called Bankside.
31) What was the theater named?
32) Why was language so important in the theater of Shakespeare?
Because there was no scenery.
33) Who played women's parts?
Young boys and men.
34) How did Shakespeare describe himself?
He called himself a "poet."
35) Where most of Shakespeare's stories original?
No, most were based on history or on already written works of fiction.
36) In 1603, who was crowned King?
King James I
37) What title was Shakespeare awarded?
The title of "Gentleman."
literary device in which contradictory terms are combined to make new meaning.
a humorous play on words
word that sound like another and spelled the same but differs in meaning
making a comparison of two unlike things without using the words as or like
to present an indication or hint beforehand at what is to come in the future.
speak or to treat with disrespect or contempt
the repetition of the same consonant sounds or of different vowel sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables.
to think of or to represent an inanimate object as a person or with human qualities
Comparing two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
to make reference, or compare something or someone to the ancient Greeks or Romans, especially their art, literature, or culture
a recurring symbol or theme throughout a literary work.
a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter. The English or Shakespearean sonnet consists of three quatrains (four-line stanzas) and a couplet (two lines). The couplet usually comments on the ideas contained in the preceding 12 lines.
a short speech delivered by an actor in a play, expressing the character's thoughts. Traditionally, the aside is directed to the audience and is presumed to be inaudible to the other actors.
a speech by one character in a play, story, or poem
is a character giving a long speech expressing his or her thoughts while alone on stage.
Juliet's philosophy of love:
It's and honor I have not dreamed of
Lady Capulet's description of Paris:
Verona's summer hath not a flower.
Nurse's description of Paris:
He's a man of wax.
Lord Capulet uses extended ______ to describe Paris as a man
Example of _____: I'll look to like, if looking liking move.
Nurse's philosophy of love:
Go girl, seek happy nights to happy days.
Example of _____: sole/soul, sore/soar, bound/bound
Romeo's philosophy of love:
I cannot bound a pitch above a dull woe. Under love's heavy burden do i sink.
Mercutio's philosophy of love:
If love be rough with you, be rough with love.
Mercutio is quite the ______.
I talk of dreams which are the children of an idle brain. Who said that?
Romeo and Juliet's first encounter was a _____.
This is an example of _____: If he be married, my grave is like to be my wedding bed.
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