31 terms

Essential Elements For Effectiveness Chapter - 2

Essential Elements For Effectiveness Chapter - 2 Fifth Edition
A deterministic theory of personality that states that humans are a product of our conditioning, learning histories, and our current reinforcement schedules.
Giving oneself the message that a situation is too awful or overwhelming to bear or that the worst is about to happen.
Cognitive Restructuring
A powerful strategy for refuting irrational beliefs and changing your self-talk
The study of humans should not focus solely on overt behavior but must include our covert behavior, that is our thoughts and self talk that precede our behavior.
Concordance Rate
The probability that two individuals display the same trait or characteristic.
A non-causal relationship between any two variables; the greater the degree of relationship the higher the correlation.
A belief inn cause and effect relationships and by implication the absence of free will in human affairs.
Delusional Thinking
Believing in ideas that are reality based like those involving fears of persecution
Defensive Pessimism
A strategy that anticipates a negative outcome and them takes steps to avoid that outcome.
Dispositional Pessimism
A strategy of negative thinking in general, base on thoughts about the past, leading to negative expectations about the future.
External Locus of Control
An individual's belief that they are a victim, buffeted and abused by external events over which they have no control.
Explanatory Style
A perspective one has in dealing with the world such as optimism or pessimism.
Free will
The ability of humans to ignore so-called determining factors and freely choose how and when to act.
Global Citizen
An individual who places emphasis on individual choice, in a collective setting, for the greater good.
Seeing, hearing, or feeling things that aren't really there.
Our personalities and our behavior are not so much a product of our conditioning and conditions but our choices in response to them; developed by Maslow and Rogers.
Internal Locus Of Control
An individual's belief that they are responsible for the ultimate outcomes in their life; proactivity
Locus of Control
The nature of how an individual perceives their ability to control their response to life events; on a continuum from external to internal.
The habit of perceiving and interpreting potential problems in way that gives life meaning and a sense of control; looking for reasons to be happy and satisfied with life.
Psychoanalytic Theory
Sigmund Freud's deterministic theory of personality formation focused on the experiences of the first five to six year of growth
The opposite of Optimism
The ability to initiate and choose your responses to life events
Psychotic Episode
Loss of contact with conventional reality marked by hallucinations and delusional thinking
Spurious Correlation
The human tendency to perceive a correlation or relationship between things that really does not exit.
A severe disorder of thought and emotions where individuals have difficulty differentiating traditional reality from their own internal fantasies and fears.
Self Efficacy
A perception of perceived competence
The running commentary that goes on in your head during the course of the day.
a philosophy based on the idea that people give meaning to their lives through their choices and actions
Learned Helpness
Belief that nothing you can do will alter your circumstances or an outcome, therefore you totally give up
Nonreflexive reality
Not influenced by the thoughts, expectations, desires, or wishes of humans
Reflexive reality
Influenced by and sometimes even directly determined by our beliefs, perceptions and expectaions