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43 terms

AP US History - American Pageant (chapters 27-28)

Ap US History American Pageant, imperialism
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Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, religiously and/or economically.
Jingoism
extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
Yellow Journalism
sensational, biased and often false journalism. helped fuel desire for the Sp-Am War
The Anti-Imperialist League
organization that fought the McKinley administration's expansionist moves; included the presidents of Stanford and Harvard Universities, and novelist Mark Twain, Gompers, Carnegie, Jane Addams, and W J Bryan
McKinley Tariff
1890 tariff that raised protective tariff levels by nearly 50%, making them the highest tariffs on imports in the United States history
Hawaiian annexation
(1898) intended to extend US territory into the Pacific & highlighted resulted from economic integration & rise of US as a Pacific power. Key provision spot for Ame whaling ships, fertile ground from Ame protestant missionaries and a new source of sugar cane production
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
an influential treatise on naval warfare written in 1890 by Alfred Thayer Mahan. It details the role of sea power throughout history and discusses the various factors needed to support a strong navy.
Our Country
book title ____: Its Possible Future and Current Crisis. Encouraged American protestants to do missionary work and to pay attention to racial problems and the crises in the city and of the working class. May have inspired international missionary work.
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Splendid Little War
Nickname for Spanish American war coined by Hay, indicative of US attitude and cockiness
De Lome Letter
The Spanish ambassador insults President McKinley in this document; accused America of being weak
USS Maine
President McKinley sent this ship to Havana, Cuba, to protect the American citizens and property (eventually blew up and the U.S. blamed Spain)
Teller Amendment
U.S. declared Cuba free from Spain, but this amendment disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba
Platt Amendment
Amendment to the Cuban constitution (passed b/c of pressure from the US) that allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Philippine-American War
The conflict that arose when the US tried to annex this Pacific Island chain
Insular cases
court cases that determined that inhabitants of U.S. territories had some, but not all, of the rights of U.S. citizens.
Spheres of Influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China during Open Door era)
Open Door Policy
A policy that asked powerful and influential countries to respect Chinese rights and promote fair trade with low tariffs. This policy was accepted by other countries and prevented any country from creating a monopoly on Chinese trade.
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
Russo Japanese War
A war fought in Asia over control of Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by TR that emphasizes US power and TR's readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy.
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Lodge Corollary
In 1912 Senate passed resolution to Monroe Doctrine. It stated that non-European powers (such as Japan) would be excluded from owning territory in Western Hemisphere.
Xenophobia
fear of foreigners/outsiders
Panama Canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of ___ by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915.
Dollar Diplomacy
President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad
Missionary Diplomacy
Woodrow Wilson's policy contingent on the belief that it was America's responsibility and destiny to spread its institutions and values to the far corners of the globe; also called "moral diplomacy"
Mexican civil war
1910-1916, 4 different leaders of Mexico. 1915, Pancho Villa invaded New Mexico, Wilson sent military to Mexico to get Villa, 6K commanded by BlackJack John J Pershing. He asked permission before he went to Mex, and this shows Wilson's moralistic tendency
Grover Cleveland
22nd and 24th president, Democrat, Honest and hardworking, fought corruption, vetoed hundreds of wasteful bills, achieved the Interstate Commerce Commission and civil service reform, violent suppression of strikes
William Randolph Hearst
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)
Joseph Pulitzer
creator of the "New York World;"cut the prices so people could afford it; featured color comics and yellow journalism
Alfred Mahan
Captain of the U.S. Navy who was for imperialism. He thought that a bigger navy was needed to protect American ships.
Josiah Strong
a popular American minister in the late 1800s who linked Anglo-Saxonism to Christian missionary ideas
William McKinley
25th president, Republican, Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism
John Hay
Was the Secretary of State in 1899; dispatched the Open Door Notes to keep the countries that had spheres of influence in China from taking over China and closing the doors on trade between China and the U.S.
Queen Liliuokalani
The Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
Teddy Roosevelt
26th President (1901-1909) Republican, Harvard Grad, youngest to be president (after McKinley died), filed anti-trust suits
William Howard Taft
27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and leader of the "reservationists"; he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Victorio Huerta
Mexican military dictator who usurped throne, and was kicked out by Wilson
Pancho Villa
a former bandit who claimed to represent "the people" behind the revolution; Wilson initially supported him; enraged when Carranza named de facto leader of Mexico and wanted to provoke American intervention, discredit Carranza, and himself up as an opponent of the "Gringos"; burned Columbus, New Mexico; American forces sent to pursue him but this man eluded them