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37 terms

History Test 20's-30's

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Historian and contemporaries called the 1920s the "New Era" because
American popular culture reshaped itself to reflect an urban, middle-class, consumer-oriented society
During the 1920s, the US experienced an economic boom that included
a substantial increase in the nation's manufacturing output
The dilemma of American labor in the 1920s lay in the poor distribution of wealth and purchasing power, because wages
rose but many workers still lived at or below a minimum living standard
During the 1920s, some employers adopted a system known as "welfare capitalism," which
provided workers with fringe benefits such as short workweeks and retirement pensions
So-called "pink-collar" jobs included all the following, except
teachers
Under the terms of the proposed McNary-Haugen bill, the government would have helped the farmers achieve parity by
maintaining high tariffs against foreign competition and buying surplus crops for sale abroad
The US truly became a consumer society during the 1920s, which meant that Americans
bought things both for their needs and their pleasures
Bruce Barton, author of ~The Man Nobody Knows~, promoted the idea of divine approval for advertising and salesmanship when he depicted
Jesus as prophet and "super salesman" who was concerned with living full and rewarding life in this world
The most important communications vehicle in the New Era, and the only one truly new to the 1920s, was
commercial radio
The first feature-length film to feature "talkie" sound was
~The Jazz Singer~ with Al Jolson
In the 1920s, working women exhibited all of the following characteristics except
most belonged to the middle class
Which of the following industries was most closely associated with the rise of consumerism in America in the 1920s?
advertising
Chapter 23
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Four of the following statements correctly describe conditions in the stock market during the year and a half preceding the Great Crash of 1929. What is the exception?
most brokers required cash payment in full for stock purchases
One of the most important causes of the Great Depression was the fact that during the 1920s
there was a fundamental maldistribution of purchasing power
In much of the 1920s, European nations were able to make their war-debt payments to the US, and Germany and Austria were able to continue reparation payments by
getting new loans from the US
The stock market crash in 1929
triggered a chain of events that led to the economic crisis
The Dust Bowl
was largely a result of farming practices on the Great Plains
In the early 1930s, the term "Okies" referred to
dispossessed farmers fleeing the Dust Bowl
Four of the following statements accurately describe the condition of blacks during the Great Depression. Which is the exception?
the migration of blacks to the North ended abruptly
In the 1920s, the great majority of Hispanics in California and the American Southwest originally migrated from
Mexico
One effect of the Great Depression on women was to
strengthen the belief that a woman's place was in the home
Four of the following were effects of the Great Depression on the American family. Which is the exception?
divorce rate increased
Chapter 24
...
In 1933, two days after he took office, FDR
closed all banks
In 1934, a strong criticism of the New Deal came from
political far right, left, and dissident populists
In 1934, the American Liberty League was formed
by wealthy conservatives who strongly opposed the New Deal
In 1934, Dr. Francis Townsend attracted widespread national support for a plan that
helped pave the way for the Social Security system
Much of Father Coughlin's outspoken criticism of the Roosevelt administration revolved around the issue of
changing the banking and currency system
The "Second New Deal" was launched in response to
-growth of popular protests across the nation
-the persistence of the GD
-the coming presidential election of 1936
During the "Second New Deal", FDR
became more willing to attack corporate interests openly
In the 1930s, industrial unionism was
considerably strengthened by the New Deal legislation
In the 1930s, the New Deal generally gave
work relief to men and cash assistance to women
FDR's proposal to expand the Supreme Court
was eventually defeated in Congress
The most influential advocate for the African Americans in the Roosevelt Administration was
Eleanor Roosevelt
Frances Perkins, the first female cabinet member in American history, was secretary of
labor
One of the major effects the New Deal had on the United States was
it created laws that provided equal economic opportunity for all American workers