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BIO169 Lab Exam 1
Terms in this set (73)
4-6 million cells per mm3 of blood
4800 - 10,800 cells per mm3 of blood
150,000 - 400,000 cells per mm3 of blood
Types of Leukocytes:
3,000-7,000 cells per mm3 of blood
1,500-3,000 cells per mm3 of blood
100-700 cells per mm3 of blood
100-400 cells per mm3 of blood
20-50) cells per mm3 of blood
Which leukocytes are classified as granulocytes?
Which leukocytes are categorize as agranulocytes?
Human blood smear:
Identify erythrocytes, neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil, lymphocyte, monocyte and platelets.
Iron deficiency anemia:
a blood disorder caused by low hemoglobin
Sickle cell anemia:
a blood disorder caused by a single amino acid change in the beta chain of hemoglobin (abnormal hemoglobin)
(excess of RBCs that increases blood viscosity )
(due to decrease in erythrocytes, decrease in hemoglobin content or abnormal hemoglobin)
(WBC count over 11,000/mm3)
(WBC count below 4,000/mm3)
(type of cancer characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of WBC)
Normal values for the male are 47±5, and for female are 42±5.
Normal concentration for the male are 13 to 18 g, and for female are 12 to 16 g.
Bleeding lasts from 2 to 7 minutes using Ivy method, or 0 to 5 minutes using Duke method.
has A-antigen. It also has anti-B antibodies. Compatible donors are A or O. Incompatible with B and AB type. Agglutinates with Anti-A.
has B-antigen. It also has Anti-A antibodies. Compatible donors are B or O. Incompatible with A and AB type. Agglutinates with Anti-B.
Type AB (universal recipient) -
has A and B-antigens. Has none antibodies. Compatible donors are A, B, AB and O. Agglutinates with both Anti-A and Anti-B.
Type O (universal donor) -
has none antigens. Has Anti-A and Anti-B antibodies. Compatible donors are type O. Incompatible donors are A, B, AB. Does not agglutinates with either Anti-A or Anti-B.
is determined using the anti-D (or Anti-Rh) serum. This gives the positive (+) or negative (-)signs. If the blood coagulates when mixed, then the blood is Rh+. If the blood does not coagulate,then the blood is Rh-
Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn
Rh- mother becomes sensitized when exposure to Rh+ blood causes her body to synthesize anti- Rh antibodies. Anti-Rh antibodies cross the placenta and destroy the RBCs of an Rh+ baby
Total plasma cholesterol
in an adult ranges from 130 to
200 mg per 100 ml of plasma. Cholesterol is transported in blood by high-density and low-density lipoproteins.
High-density lipoproteins (HDL)
carry endogenous cholesterol from tissue to liver. Lowdensity lipoproteins (LDL) transport fats and "bad" cholesterol from liver to tissue.
Walls of the heart:
-Epicardium or visceral pericardium
- Right atrium
- Left atrium
- Right ventricle
- Left ventricle
- Right atrioventricular (AV) valve or Tricuspid valve anchored to papillary muscle bychordae tendineae
-Left atrioventricular (AV) valve or Mitral valve or Bicuspid valve anchored to papillarymuscle by chordae tendineae
- Pulmonary semilunar (SL) valve (right)
-Aortic semilunar (SL) valve (left)
Blood vessels that carry blood that is poor in oxygen and rich in CO2.
- Superior vena cava
- Inferior vena cava
- Pulmonary trunk
- Right pulmonary artery
- Left pulmonary artery
- Great cardiac vein
- Coronary sinus
-Anterior cardiac vein
Blood vessels that carry blood that is rich in oxygen and poor in CO2
- Right pulmonary veins
- Left pulmonary veins
- Ascending Aorta
- Left common carotid artery
- Left subclavian artery
- Right coronary artery -Left coronary artery
- Circumflex artery
-Anterior interventricular artery in Anterior interventricular sulcus
- Posterior interventricular artery in Posterior interventricular sulcus
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).
Doctors and other trained personal can look at an ECG tracing and see evidence for disorders of the
heart such as abnormal slowing, speeding, irregular rhythms, injury to muscle tissue (Angina), and
death of muscle tissue (myocardium infarction).
(Heart rate over 100 beats/min)
(Heart rate below 60 beats/min). Prolonged bradycardia could result in fibrillation
Diagnostic blood tests
*Examination of blood can yield information on persons health:
- Low hematocrit seen in cases of anemia
- Blood glucose tests check for diabetes
- Leukocytosis can signal infection
• Microscopic examination of blood can reveal
any variations in size or shape of RBCs
- Abnormal size, shape, or color could indicate anemia
Total white blood cell count & Differential white blood
- Cancerous condition involving overproduction of abnormal WBCs
• Infectious mononucleosis
- Highly contagious viral disease ("kissing disease")
fast series of reactions for stoppage of
• Disorders of hemostasis:
• Two major types of disorders
• Thromboembolic disorders:
result in undesirable clot
• Bleeding disorders:
abnormalities that prevent normal
• Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
Involves both types of disorders
The cell membrane of a RBC
has many molecules all over
a double-walled sac
containing the heart.
It has two layers:
• Parietal layer
• Visceral layer or epicardium
carry oxygenated blood
(with the exception of the
pulmonary artery and umbilical
carry deoxygenated blood
(with the exception of pulmonary
veins and umbilical vein).
Left coronary artery
(passes posterior to
Great cardiac vein
(Located in the anterior interventricular sulcus)
(Located in the coronary sulcus on the posterior surface)
Name of blood constituent that forms 55% of blood total volume.
Blood cells known as RBCs with a normal value between 4 and 6 million cells per mm3 of blood.
WBC that kills parasitic worms with a normal values between 100 and 400 cells per mm3 of blood.
Blood cells known also as thrombocytes with anormal value between 150,000 and 400,000 cells per mm3 of blood.
WBC that produces antibodies with a normal value between 1,500 and 3,000 cells per mm3 of blood.
WBC that phagocytizes pathogens with a normal value between 3,000 and 7,000 cells per mm3 of blood.
Protein produced by human body in response to bleeding. This protein is involved in clotting formation.
Blood test which normal values are for male (♂) 13 to 18 g, and for female (♀) 12 to 16 g.
Mechanism that prevents blood loss.
Blood test used in a patient when anemia issuspected. This test normal values are for male (♂)47±5, and for female (♀) 42 ±5.
Health condition caused by decrease in RBCs which leads to reduced oxygen flow in the body.
Blood cells known also as WBCs with a normal value between 4,800 and 10,800 cells per mm3 of blood.
Health condition caused by increase in the number of RBCs.
WBC that releases mediators of inflammation, with a normal value between 20 and 50 cells per mm3 of blood.
Malignant disorder characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of WBCs.
WBC that phagocytizes pathogens with a normal value between 100 and 700 cells per mm3 of blood.
Health condition caused by decrease of WBC below 4000/mm3
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