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40 terms

Drug Cards-Week 1

albuterol, allopurinol, amlodipine, amoxicillin, aspirin, atorvastatin
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Popular Brand Names for albuterol
AccuNeb, Proair HFA, Proventil, Proventil HFA, Relion, Ventolin HFA, Vospir Er
albuterol FUNCTION class?
Bronchodilator
albuterol PREGNANCY class?
C
albuterol THERAPEUTIC OUTCOME?
1. Increase ability to breath
What is albuterol used for?
Treatment of: 1. Exercise induced asthma 2. Emphysema, 3. Bronchitis 4. Acute Bronchospasm 5. Reverse Airway Obstruction.
Name MAJOR side effects and side effects that effect the CV system caused by albuterol?
1. (Major) Bronchospasms 2. (CV) Palpitations, tachycardia, hypertention, Angin, hypotension 3. (Secondary) Tremors, , Anxiety, Restlessness, Nausea, Heartburn
Name albuterol DRUG/HERB interaction cautions
Black Tea, Green Tea
Name albuterol FOOD cautions?
Chocolate, Coffee, Caffine and other food that increase stimulation
What would you ASSESS for prior to giving albuterol?
1. Check V/S, 2. Check breath sounds,
When giving albuterol advise the Pt. to DO or AVOID what?
1. Not to use OTC meds before consulting Dr. 2. Avoid Chocolate, Caffine, Tea, Cola or other Stimulants. 3. Avoid Smoking 4. Allow 1 min between each puff.
Popular Brand Names for allopurinol
Aloprim, Zyloprim
allopurinol FUNCTION class?
Antigout, antihyperuticemic
allopurinol PREGNANCY class?
C
allopurinol THERAPEUTIC OUTCOME?
Reduce Uric Acid, Reduce Joint Pain
What is allopurinol used for?
Treatment of Gout, Uric Acid Mineral Deposits
Name MAJOR side effects and side effects that effect the CV system caused by allopurinol?
(Major) Steven-Jphnsons, Renal Failure, Dermatitis, Bone Marrow Suppression (CV) None, (Secondary) Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Anorexia
Name allopurinol DRUG/HERB interaction cautions
Vit C
Name allopurinol FOOD cautions?
Avoid Alcohol, Caffine
What would you ASSESS for prior to giving allopurinol?
Pain, Uric Acid Levels, I&O
When giving allopurinol advise the Pt. to DO or AVOID what?
Increase fluid intake 2L/Day, Avoid large doses of Vit C, Report rash, vomiting, itching
Popular Brand Names for amlodipine
Norvasc
amlodipine FUNCTION class?
Antianginal, Calcium Blocker
amlodipine PREGNANCY class?
C
amlodipine THERAPEUTIC OUTCOME?
Reduce chest pain and B/P
What is amlodipine used for?
Cronic Chest Pain, Hypertention (High B/P),
Name MAJOR side effects and side effects that effect the CV system caused by amlodipine?
(Major) None, (CV) Bradycardia, HYPOtension, Palpations, Chest Pain
Name amlodipine DRUG/HERB interaction cautions
None
Name amlodipine FOOD cautions?
Greapfruit
What would you ASSESS for prior to giving amlodipine?
I&O, Pain, V/S,
When giving amlodipine advise the Pt. to DO or AVOID what?
Avoid hazardous activity, alcohol, OTC w/o consult,
Popular Brand Names for amoxicillin
Moxatag
amoxicillin FUNCTION class?
Antiinfective, Antiulcer
amoxicillin PREGNANCY class?
B
amoxicillin THERAPEUTIC OUTCOME?
Kills Bacteria
What is amoxicillin used for?
Respirator, Skin, GI and GU Infection, Meningitis
Name MAJOR side effects and side effects that effect the CV system caused by amoxicillin?
(Major) Anaphylaxis (life threating allergic reaction), Seizures, Steve- Johnson Syndrom (CV) None (Secondary) Nausea, Vomitin, Diarrhea
Name amoxicillin DRUG/HERB interaction cautions
Oral Birth Control
Name amoxicillin FOOD cautions?
None
What would you ASSESS for prior to giving amoxicillin?
Obtain C&S (culture and sensitivity), Penicillin sensitivity, Allergic Reaction, Infection, Monitor for bleeding
When giving amoxicillin advise the Pt. to DO or AVOID what?
Report sore throat, bruising, bleeding, joint pain