Vocabulary Unit 12 (Vocabulary Workshop Book Level F)

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accrue
to grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural result
annotation
a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
bedlam
a state or scene of uproar and confusion
covert
hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered and secluded; a sheltered place, a hiding place
debonair
pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished in manner and appearance
dun
to demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt; a creditor; dark, dull, drab, dingy
efficacious
effective, producing results
equanimity
calmness, composure, refusal to panic
fortuitous
accidental, occurring by a happy chance
gist
the essential part, main point, or essence
gratuitous
freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted
imperious
overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing, compelling
invective
a strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language; abusive, vituperative
motley
showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors; a jester's costume; a jester
munificent
extremely generous, lavish
procrastinate
to delay, put off until later
provocative
tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire or appetite; irritating, annoying
recondite
exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding
reprobate
a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled; to disapprove of, condemn
sedentary
characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
abstemious
moderate, sparingas in eating and drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-discipline
censurable
deserving of blame or correction
contingent
likely but not certian to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions; happening by chance; a representative group forming part of a larger body
corroborate
to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substantiate, verify
denizen
an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place
discursive
passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic
disseminate
to scatter or spread widely
dowdy
poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste
florid
highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy
foist
to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion
gauche
awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy
heresy
an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
inculcate
to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly
palpable
capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard or recognized
perceptive
having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation
pernicious
extremely harmful; deadly fatal
salient
leaping, jumping, or springing forth; prominent, standing out, conspicuous; a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward
satiate
to satisfy completely, to fill the excess; full, satisfied
sear
to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeelins; to parch, dessicate, singe
specious
deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit
absolve
to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt
caricature
a representation (especially a drawing) in which the subjects characteristic features are deliberately exagerated; to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way
clangor
a loud ringing sound; to make a loud ringing noise
contiguous
side by side, touching; near; adjacent in time
cupidity
an eager desire for something; greed
deleterious
harmful, injurious
anhance
to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of
enthrall
to captivate, charm, hold spellbound; to enslave; to imprison
extenuate
to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses
implicit
implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservations, unquestioning; potentially contained in
incisive
sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
ostentatious
marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy
paragon
a model of excellence or perfection
paraphrase
to restate in other words; a statement that presents a given idea in a new language
politic
prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient
prosaic
dull, lacking in distinction and originality; matter-of-fact, straight-forward; characteristic of prose, not poetic
redundant
extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive, profuse, lush
sanctimonious
making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting, holier-than-thou
scintillating
sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally birlliant (applied to mental or personal qualities
winsome
charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence)