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AP Human Geo. Ch. 8 Vocab
Terms in this set (55)
D:a group of people who think of themselves as one based on a sense pf shared culture and history, and who seek some degree of political-territorial autonomy
B: A State was independent and have define bounderies while a nation does not have a defined boundaries but have people that have a common ancesty
D: A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
B: sytem possessin formal soverignty. A synonmy for country or state
Ex:Japan doesn't really have other nations of their bouders
Boundaries often originated from old tribal lands and lands won in war. They were meant to establish claims to land and were often smaller historically.
ex: the origonal colones
Conflicts over the location, size, and extent of borders between nations. There is conflict over where exactly the border is between the U.S. and Mexico, especially along the Rio Grande because the river has changed course and moved, and it is the traditional border.
Ex: the bordor btween u.s amd mexico
The process of creating boundaries. Includes definition, delimitation and demarcation
Ex: the gate between texas and mexico
classification of boundaries (antecedent, artificial, consequent, natural, physical-political, and relict)
ex: river between two states
D: a principle of international relations that holds the final authority over social, economic, and political matters should rest with the legitimate rulers of independent states
B: A nation-state and a stae have sovereignty
Ex: The united staes of america< Canada< Mexico, England, ranve , Italy, Germany, Poland, Swisserland,Russia, and other independent lands.
D: the attempt by an individual or group to affect, infuence, or controlpeople, phenomena, and relationships bt delimiting and asserting controlver a geographic area
B: I political geography, a country's or more local community's sense of property and attachement toward it's territory
D:the right of a stae to defend sonverigh territory aginst incurrsion from other states.
B: A nation or state have the right to defens their land with this progress.
D: a nation that stretches across borders and across states
B: Unlike Milt-nation state mulit-state nations can go over any boundary
Ex: Asians in america don't just have to be in San fansisco in ameica they can be in othe place too.
D: a state with more than one nation inside its borders
B: the united Sates of america is a stae the has more than one nation
Ex: th U.S, Canada, England, swisserland
D: government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within a state
B: A statewith a democrafic goverment with mostly a democracy
D:nations that do not have a state
B: astatelass nation is the opposite os a nation-state.
Ex: lots on african americans live in alarge community in america they do not have a nation-state but they are in a multi-state nation.
D:an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
B: A nation state is also a stae event though it only has one nation of people
EX: Germany, Japan, England, the U.S , Mexico, Canada
D:a state that encompasses a very small land area/a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
B:A sovereign state can be a ministate or a regular sized state
Ex: lichtenstein, Malta, monaco, singapor, valtn city, and Naurvu are all ministates.
D:attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose it political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory
B: An alin force coming into a stateless nation to coloize them
Ex: when yo europeans came to africa to colonize. when Spain and portagual went to south africa or the french to canada or europeans to the U.S
Conference of Berlin (1884)
D:Regulated trade and colonization in Africa. It formalized the scramble to gain colonies in Africa and set up boundaries for each country's colonies
B:Europeans use colonialsim to take over the many nations of africa
Ex:France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portagual, others claimed new africe territory
D:A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
B:Colonialism if minor nation
Ex: Nazi Gremany; regressive imperialism. europeans spreading civilization to "backward" socities Africa nations.
D: the un equal relation of polies where by one people or nation establish and maitain depend territory over anothe
B: undoing of colonialsim
Ex: Neo-Imeperial empires establish prio to WWI though Africa and Asia
D: the process by which regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of central government
B changing from univy goverment to federal goverment
EX: england developed more power to scotland: scotland was given it's own repestives palament insted of englands
D: the process by which districts are moved according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people
B: in states like the us democracy
Ex: U.S.A gets 2 senate repenitives
D: an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
B:the europeon onion is made up of muti-nation-state
D: is a war between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism or fight over natural resources. Ethnic conflict often includes genocide. It can also be caused by boundary disputes.
1:holocaust the nazi party wich was led by hitler took xontrol over german goverment and military. Nazis had a strong hat for the jews and killed about 20milloin jews
2; balkans: in south eastern europ bonia sebia and crattra were in a 3 year long war 100,000 people were killed.
an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it
B:Unlike exclave, enclave brings in imigrates or keep a persone in the state
during the cold war, the boundary separating the communist nations of eastern europe from the mostly democratic nations of western europe
B:the iron cutain was a ,aster fronteir the divide europe into 2 parts
EX: used by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe the demarcation between democratic and communist countries
D:A part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
B:unlike enclave, exclave leaves migates or residents out a state
EX: hawai'i is exclaved form the U.S
UNCLOS (United nations Convention on the laws of the sea)
D: the intenational agreement that resulted from the third U.N confrenc on the law of the sea, took place from 1973-1982
B: the law of the sea conveton defines the right and responsibilties of nations in their use of the worlds oceans
D: a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control
B: a stae or nation-state has to have a clearly defined frontier to be a definde state
EX: arabria, wuildwest,portions of saudi
D: arge, strategically located region that is occupied by a number of conflicting states and is caught between the conflicting interests of adjoining Great Powers; a zone of chronic political splintering and facturing.
B:nations in muti-nation states
D: the act of coming together again
B: tmagin a nation that wads recently in confict coming together again
EX: "monetary unification precipitated the reunification of the German state in October 1990"
D:the freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live
B:If a nation does not have enough self detemination then that can lead tpo ecthnic conflict
EX: chechen people compimises a minority nation that lived in russia
A former country of eastern Europe and northern Asia with coastlines on the Baltic and Black seas and the Arctic and Pacific oceans. It was established in December 1922 with the union of the Russian SFSR (proclaimed after the Russian Revolution of 1917) and various other soviet republics, including Belorussia and the Ukraine. In 1991 a number of consituent republics declared their independence, and the USSR was officially dissolved on December 31, 1991. Moscow was the capital.
a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent
a state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significant
a state with a long, narrow shape
an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
a state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
a state that completely surrounds another one
a state that does not have a direct outlet to sea
coincides with a significant features of the natural landscape
type of "cultural boundary"; straight lines drawn on a map
follow the distribution of cultural characteristics
an internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
an internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government
a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control
process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes
processes incorporate lower levels of education, salaries, and less technology/wealth
places where core and periphery processes both occur
processes incorporate higher levels of education, salaries, and more technology
meas that in the world economy, people, corporations, and states produce goods and exchange them on the world market with the goal of achieving profit
forces that tend to unify a country - such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared ideological objectives and a common faith
forces that tend to divide a country such as internal religions, linguistic, ethnic, or ideological differences
the process of placing a price on a good and then buying, selling, and trading
the process by which a majority of the population is from the minority
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Human Geo Ch. 10 Vocab (Rubenstein)
AP Human Geo Ch. 4
AP Human Geography- Models & theories
AP Human Geography Chapter 10: Test Review
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