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Terms in this set (50)

The approach is the portion that commences at the 180° position and ends with a full stop landing, touch-and-go, or wave-off...
a) Downwind... flown at pattern altitude, at ¾ - 1 wingtip distance (WTD) as required from the runway centerline at 120 KIAS... allow ~30° AOB turn to final...execute the Before Landing Checklist... [Power] to maintain 120 KIAS: No-Flap ~31%, TO-flap ~42%, LDG-flap ~52%...
b) Transition... no sooner than when abeam the intended point of landing... early enough to arrive at the 180° position with the proper approach speed... occurs approximately 4-7 seconds past the intended point of landing...reducing power
Contact Flight Procedures I
Compiled 24JAN2017
(16/21)
smoothly toward the desired power setting, setting the appropriate altitude, and trim left rudder and up elevator... [Torque] 14/15/18% (NF/TF/LF)...
c) The 180...commence the approach TURN... lowering the nose to the 120/115/110 KIAS (NF/TF/LF)... turning toward the 90° position... [pitch attitude is] 2/3 ground, 1/3 sky for a LDG-flap and 1/2 sky, 1/2 ground for a no-flap landing... TALK, give appropriate 180 call... scan of instruments and external references... ensure approximately 800 fpm descent... ensure aircraft will arrive at the 90 at 450' AGL...
d) The 90... at 120/115/110 KIAS (NF/TF/LF) and 450 feet AGL or ½ the pattern altitude in feet AGL... intercept the extended runway centerline with 1200-1500 feet of straightaway from the threshold, 100-150 feet AGL, and wings level... decelerate to the final approach speed of 110/105/100 KIAS (NF/TF/LF)... check and report on the ICS IAW local SOP...
e) The 'final' (or 'groove')... beginning at a point 1200-1500 feet from the runway threshold at an altitude of 100-150 AGL... ends with the landing transition... do not slow below 110/105/100 KIAS (NF/TF/LF)... increase the final approach by one-half the gust factor, up to a 10 knot increase...there are two basic elements to be considered: speed (either fast or slow) and altitude (either high or low)...