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20 terms

SCTD Color Theory -Quiz 2

A complete study guide for Sullivan College of Technology and Design's graphic design department color theory class covering chapters 3 and 4 of Linda Holtzschue's Understanding Color, fourth edition.
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Threshold
when two color intervals are too close to distinguish.
Gradient
a gradual shift in color or value intervals too subtle to detect individual steps.
Rods
low light vision, little or no color detection, low detail.
Cones
color vision and details, only function in light.
Memory Color
the color we associate an object/material with from memory NOT direct observation.
Color Constancy
the tendency to assume color is a permanent feature regardless of lighting conditions.
white=purity or black=mouning
cultural influence of color symbolism
biliruben lights clean impurities out of the bloodstream
biological response to color/light
OSHA yellow
symbolizes caution
OSHA violet
symbolizes radiation
Chromatic
having color
Achromatic
no discernable color
Monochromatic
having only one color/ink
cool colors
contain blue or green
warm colors
contain red or yellow
Analogous colors
next to each other on the color wheel, contain only two primary colors.
Complementary colors
opposite each other on the color wheel
Tertiary colors
chromatic neutrals like greys and browns mixed from complementary colors.
Tints
colors with white added
Shades
colors with black added