Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
TCU Wilson: US History (Survey to 1877) Exam 3
Terms in this set (69)
Election of 1792
The United States presidential election of 1792 was the 2nd quadrennial presidential election. It was held from Friday, November 2 to Wednesday, December 5, 1792. Incumbent President George Washington was elected to a second term by a unanimous vote in the electoral college. As in the first presidential election, Washington is considered to have run unopposed. Electoral rules of the time, however, required each presidential elector to cast two votes without distinguishing which was for president and which for vice president. The recipient of the most votes would then become president, and the runner-up vice president. Incumbent Vice President John Adams received 77 votes and was also re-elected (Washington received 132 votes, or one from each elector).
Battle of Fallen Timbers
(August 20, 1794) was the final battle of the Northwest Indian War, a struggle between American Indian tribes affiliated with the Western Confederacy, including minor support from the British, against the United States for control of the Northwest Territory (an area north of the Ohio River, east of the Mississippi River, and southwest of the Great Lakes). The battle, which was a decisive victory for the United States, ended major hostilities in the region until Tecumseh's War and the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811.
Whiskey Rebellion 1794
Whiskey Insurrection, was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791, during the presidency of George Washington. The so-called "whiskey tax" was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. It became law in 1791, and was intended to generate revenue to help reduce the national debt. Although the tax applied to all distilled spirits, whiskey was by far the most popular distilled beverage in 18th-century America. Because of this, the excise became widely known as a "whiskey tax." The new excise was a part of treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton's program to fund war debt incurred during the Revolutionary War.
The tax was resisted by farmers in the western frontier regions who were long accustomed to distilling their surplus grain and corn into whiskey. In these regions, whiskey was sufficiently popular that it often served as a medium of exchange. Many of the resisters were war veterans who believed that they were fighting for the principles of the American Revolution, in particular against taxation without local representation, while the Federal government maintained the taxes were the legal expression of the taxation powers of Congress.
Throughout counties in Western Pennsylvania, protesters used violence and intimidation to prevent federal officials from collecting the tax. Resistance came to a climax in July 1794, when a U.S. marshal arrived in western Pennsylvania to serve writs to distillers who had not paid the excise. The alarm was raised, and more than 500 armed men attacked the fortified home of tax inspector General John Neville. Washington responded by sending peace commissioners to western Pennsylvania to negotiate with the rebels, while at the same time calling on governors to send a militia force to enforce the tax. With 13,000 militiamen provided by the governors of Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, Washington rode at the head of an army to suppress the insurgency. The rebels all went home before the arrival of the army, and there was no confrontation. About 20 men were arrested, but all were later acquitted or pardoned. Most distillers in nearby Kentucky were found to be all but impossible to be taxed; in the next six years, over 175 distillers from Kentucky were convicted of violating the tax law. Numerous examples of resistance are recorded in court documents and newspaper accounts.
The Whiskey Rebellion demonstrated that the new national government had the will and the ability to suppress violent resistance to its laws. The whiskey excise remained difficult to collect, however. The events contributed to the formation of political parties in the United States, a process already underway. The whiskey tax was repealed after Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party, which opposed Hamilton's Federalist Party, came to power in 1801.
Proclamation of Neutrality
was a formal announcement issued by President George Washington in April 22, 1793, declaring the nation neutral in the conflict between France and Great Britain. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistance to any country at war.
Edmond Charles Genet, 1793 when he was dispatched to the United States to promote American support for France's wars with Spain and Britain.
Genêt arrived in Charleston, South Carolina on the French frigate Embuscade on April 8. Instead of traveling to the then-capital of Philadelphia to present himself to U.S. President George Washington for accreditation, Genêt stayed in South Carolina. There he was greeted with enthusiasm by the people of Charleston, who threw a string of parties in his honor.
Genêt's goals in South Carolina were to recruit and arm American privateers who would join French expeditions against the British. He commissioned four privateering ships in total, including the Republicaine, the Anti-George, the Sans-Culotte, and the Citizen Genêt. Working with French consul Michel Ange Bernard Mangourit, Genêt organized American volunteers to fight Britain's Spanish allies in Florida. After raising a militia, Genêt set sail toward Philadelphia, stopping along the way to marshal support for the French cause and arriving on May 18. He encouraged Democratic-Republican societies, but President Washington denounced them and they quickly withered away.
His actions endangered American neutrality in the war between France and Britain, which Washington had pointedly declared in his Neutrality Proclamation of April 22. When Genêt met with Washington, he asked for what amounted to a suspension of American neutrality. When turned down by Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and informed that his actions were unacceptable, Genêt protested. Meanwhile, Genet's privateers were capturing British ships, and his militia was preparing to move against the Spanish.
Genêt continued to defy the wishes of the United States government, capturing British ships and rearming them as privateers. Washington sent Genet an 8,000-word letter of complaint on Jefferson's and Hamilton's advice - one of the few situations in which the Federalist Alexander Hamilton and the Republican Jefferson agreed. Genet replied obstinately. President Washington and his Cabinet then demanded that France recall Genet as its Ambassador.
The Jacobins, having taken power in France by January 1794, sent an arrest notice which asked Genet to come back to France. Genet, knowing that he would likely be sent to the guillotine, asked Washington for asylum. It was Hamilton - Genet's fiercest opponent in the cabinet - who convinced Washington to grant him safe haven in the United States.
commonly known as the Jacobin Club (Club des Jacobins, pronounced: [ʒa.kɔ.bɛ̃]), was the most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution. There were at least 7,000 chapters throughout France, with a membership estimated at a half million or more
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794
Searches & Seizures
During the war between Britain and France, British ships would capture American ships board the ship take some of the men and take its cargo. The British called this search and seizure, however the united states did not think this should be allowed.
The practice of forcing people into service. British ships would stop American vessels and impress American sailors. This led to Americans becoming extremely angry and eager for war with Britain.
1794 - Said America didn't want to be in war. Said nothing about British impressment. England agreed to vacate Ohio River Valley forts if U.S. paid Loyalists for lost/damaged property. Granted limited trading rights between U.S. & West Indies. Americans, especially Southerners furious, because of the limitation it put on the export of cotton.
also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo or the Treaty of Madrid, was signed in San Lorenzo de El Escorial on October 27, 1795 and established intentions of friendship between the United States and Spain. It also defined the boundaries of the United States with the Spanish colonies and guaranteed the United States navigation rights on the Mississippi River. The treaty's full title is Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation Between Spain and the United States. Thomas Pinckney negotiated the treaty for the United States and Don Manuel de Godoy represented Spain. Among other things, it ended the first phase of the West Florida Controversy, a dispute between the two nations over the boundaries of the Spanish colony of West Florida, let Americans also use the port of New Orleans.
Election of 1796
1st election with rival parties, John Adams won, he is a federalist. Thomas Jefferson had the second most electoral votes and was therefore Vice President, Jefferson was a Democratic-Republican. This established the First Party System (political party system from 1792 until 1824), which was a rivalry between the Federalists, created by Alexander Hamilton. And the Democratic-Republic, created by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Usually called the Republican party.
1798 - A commission had been sent to France in 1797 to discuss the disputes that had arisen out of the U.S.'s refusal to honor the Franco-American Treaty of 1778. President Adams had also criticized the French Revolution, so France began to break off relations with the U.S. Adams sent delegates to meet with French foreign minister Talleyrand in the hopes of working things out. Talleyrand's three agents told the American delegates that they could meet with Talleyrand only in exchange for a very large bribe. The Americans did not pay the bribe, and in 1798 Adams made the incident public, substituting the letters "X, Y and Z" for the names of the three French agents in his report to Congress. It led to the undeclared Quasi-War (1798 to 1800).
Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798
1798 Acts that criminalized speech that was against the Federalist dominated government. Later ruled unconstitutional, Andrew Jackson issued blanket pardon in 1801.
Acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government. Were said to be protecting national security, however, it was an attempt to suppress voters that disagreed with the federalist party.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
were political statements drafted in 1798 and 1799, in which the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. The resolutions argued that the states had the right and the duty to declare unconstitutional any acts of Congress that were not authorized by the Constitution. They could nullify any federal law that state thought was unconstitutional. In doing so, they argued for states' rights and strict constructionism of the Constitution. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 were written secretly by Vice President Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, respectively.
Election of 1800, significance?
also referred to as the revolution of 1800, in which Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams. This election was a realigning election that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republic rule, and eventually led to the demise of the federalist party. This was the first time in an election we see somewhat of a resemblance to modern tactics. The plan was for Thomas Jefferson to receive the majority of the votes and Aaron Burr to receive the second number of votes. But the electors made a mistake and each one voted for Jefferson and Burr, creating a tie. It was then thrown into the House of Representatives in which Jefferson won.
Recommended textbook explanations
Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
HOUGHTON MIFFLIN HARCOURT
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
Sets with similar terms
HOTA T1 st3 IDs 1-34
US History Unit 3
Sets found in the same folder
ENSC Lab Final- TCU Argenbright
Systems Planning TCU Stratman Exam 2
survey to 1877 final exam
Chen Data Management Final
Other sets by this creator
US History Survey to 1877 Exam 3
TCU Wilson: US History (Survey to 1877) Exam 4
TCU Wilson: US History (Survey to 1877) Exam 1
In your opinion, was Lincoln's dealings with disloyalty and dissent an abuse of power?
What is the main difference between Woodrow Wilson's moral diplomacy and Teddy Roosevelt's "big stick" diplomacy?
Create a Venn diagram to show the broad similarities between the issues faced by Hispanic Americans and Native Americans during the 1960s, as well as the unique concerns of the two groups. Which group do you think had more to gain by fighting for what they wanted?
Create a timeline of important events from the 2000 election. Which event do you think was the turning point? Explain.