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Terms in this set (52)
On which continent is Egypt located?
The climate of Egypt is...
Hot and dry with very little rain
The Nile provided the Egyptian people with...
Food, water, transportation
Which direction does the Nile river flow?
A Northern direction
What is the Nile river shaped like?
A lotus flower
What does a lotus flower represent?
Life, rebirth, ressurection
What sea does the Nile empty into?
The Mediterranean Sea
The land around the Nile's Delta was...
Very fertile, and as a result most of the population lived in the Delta region of lower Egypt.
What is silt?
Rich dark soil brought in by the flooding of the Nile. Ideal for farming.
Silt along the Nile
Dangerous desert area
Did Egyptians use irrigation?
Yes! They used the annual flooding and a Shaduf out of the flood season
What did farmers do during the flood season?
Farmers would build monuments and temples for the pharaoh.
Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt were united by...
What is a Pschent ?
The red crown of Lower Egypt and the white crown of Upper Egypt combined.
Menes created the first dynasty in Egypt. A dynasty is when one family rules over the land for many years.
The word pharaoh means...
The pharaoh was the living god...
On what side of the Nile were tombs located?
The west side
Grave goods were the things ancient Egyptians were buried with that they would need in the afterlife. These goods included clothing, jewelry, weapons and food.
First Burial Method:
Early burial pits: These naturally mummified the bodies, but were easily robbed, sand would shift and animals could get to the bodies.
Second Burial Method:
Mastabas: Mud brick mounds that were created to protect the bodies and grave goods of the dead. Bodies were not naturally mummified so they needed to create the mummification process. Pharaohs and and important people were buried here.
Third Burial Method:
The Step Pyramid: Pharaoh Djoser wanted more, so he had his vizier Imhotep design the Step Pyramid. stacked 6 mastabas on top of each other to create the first pyramid.
Fourth Burial Method:
The True Sided Pyramid: Snefru created the Bent Pyramid and finally the Red Pyramid. The Red Pyramid was the first successful true sided pyramid. These were very grand, but all ended up being robbed.
Fifth Burial Method:
The Valley of the Kings and Queens: tombs were hidden in the sides of cliffs. This provided more protection. King Tut is buried here.
Which pharaoh created the Sphinx?
Which pharaoh created the Great Pyramid of Giza?
What is the afterlife called in ancient Egypt?
The Land of Two Fields
What two things did you need in order for tour spirit to recognize you in the afterlife?
Your body mummified and your name written down.
The ________ and _____ lived in your heart.
The Ka: your exact double
The Ba: your spirit
God of embalming. Embalmers would wear a mask of Anubis when mummifying people.
What is Natron?
A natural salt used to mummify a body
What are the canopic jars?
These are small containers that are used to hold the stomach, liver, intestines and lungs in the mummification process. These jars are buried with the mummy.
What was the use of the tilted embalming couch?
To drain the body of any extra liquids during the mummification process.
Which organ was left in the body?
The heart because it is where Egyptians believed the Ba and the Ka lived.
How long did the mummification process take?
Up to 70 days.
What is linen?
It was used to stuff the body during mummification so that it could regain it's natural shape. It was also used to wrap the mummy.
What are amulets?
A "magical" symbol or piece of jewelry that was used to ward off evil. These would be placed in the layers of the mummy's wrappings, and can be seen in many different Egyptian works of art.
What are some of the amulets used in ancient Egypt?
The Eye of Horus, the ank, the scarab beetle, the lotus flower.
What is the Opening of the Mouth Ceremony?
Took place so that the Ka could eat, speak and move in the afterlife.
What is the Book of the Dead?
A papyrus scroll that contained over 200 magical spells to ward off evil. It was expensive and people would save up to buy it.
How many gods did the Egyptians believe in?
Over 2000! They were polytheistic
Egyptian gods had the heads of_________________ and the body of_______________________
Heads of animals and the body of a human
Who was the god Osiris?
Father of Horus, god of the underworld, who the pharaoh became when he died.
What is the Egyptian writing system?
Hieroglyphics. It was a system of pictures used to represent words and sounds.
What are some of the gifts of the Nile?
Papyrus, silt, water, and food
What is the Rosetta Stone?
A stone found by a French soldier that allowed modern people to understand hieroglyphics.
Discovered and deciphered the Rosetta Stone. It took him 20 years.
Discovered King Tut's tomb
How were women treated in ancient Egypt?
Women were treated better than in Mesopotamia. Women did not have may options for jobs, but they could work.
Mainly had bread and beer. Smaller mud brick houses with one room. Lived near the wealthy. Had jobs like farmers, peasants and unskilled workers.
Ate mainly wine and meat. Large houses with many rooms and gardens. Lived among poor people. Better jobs like nobel, government, vizier.
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