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Which of the following is NOT a method of obtaining pressure for injections of aterial fluid?
An insturment which may be used to guide an aterial or vein tube into a vessel is the
The purpose of the embalming analysis is to determine
the proper embalming techinque and chemicals to use.
Which of the following is an extrnsic factor to be considered in embalming a dead body?
The method of mouth closure which employes wires attached to the small tacks which are incerted into the upper and lower jaw is called the
The method of mouth closure employing a suture passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible is called the
Sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior surface of the lobe of the ear
The linear guide for the common carotid artery is from the
center of the axillary space parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity
The linear guide for the axillary artery is from the
center of the base of the axillary space to the center of the inner bend of the elbow
The linear guide for the brachial artery is from the
center of the antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the index finger
The linear guide for the radial artery is from the
center of the inguinal ligament to the center of the medial condyle of the femur.
The linear guide for the femur artery is from the
center of the popliteal space parallel to the long axis of the lower extremity
The linear guide for the popliteal artery is form the
On the surface of the forarm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the forth and fifth fingers is the linear guide for the
posterior tibial artery
From the center of the popliteal space to a point midway between the medial malleolus and the calcaneus bone is the linear guide for the
dorsalis pedis artery
From the center of the anterior surface of the ankle joint to a point between the first and second toe is the linear guide for the
anterior tibial artery
From the lateral border of the patella to the anterior surface of the ankle joint is the linear guide for the
The anatomical guide for the ___ artery is along the medial border of the sternocleidmastoid muscle.
The anatomical guide for the ___ artery is posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle.
Through the center of the femoral triangle bordered laterally by the sartorius muscle and medially by the adductor longus muscle us the anatomical guide for the __ artery.
Just behind the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle is the anatomical guide for the ___ artery.
The anatomical guide for the __ artery is just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle.
The ___ artery changes its name to femoral and is used in the embalming of an autopsied body.
The femoral artery originates at a point behind the center of the inguinal ligament and terminates at the opening of the ___ muscle.
The ___ artery which originates at the opening in the adductor magus muscle, terminates at the inferior border of the popliteous muscle.
Time Weighted Average (TWA)
A concentration of .75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (.75 ppm) averaged over an 8 hour period.
Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
A concentration of 2 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (2 ppm) during a 15 minute period.
Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines IDLH as 20 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (1996);NIOSH has determined that at this level of exposure serious injury and or death may result
anterior tibial artery
The ___ artery courses along the lateral margin of the crest of the tibia, passes through the center of the anterioir surface of the ankle joint and becomes the dorsalis pedis artery.
When using the gravity method of obtaining pressure for injecting aterial fluid, the embalmer can expect to receive approximately ___ pounds per pressure per foot of elevation above the point of injection.
set before the rate of flow
When injecting a body with any mechanical injector, the desired pressure should be
The injection and drainage procedure in which the injection and drainage are accomplished through the same incision is called
weakening of the embalming fluid by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial
the movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries
passage of some components of the injected embalming solution from an intravascular to an extravascular location; movement of the embalming solutions from the capillaries into the interstitial fluids.
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming fluid through the capillary wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids; causing passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to an extravascular position
diminish secondary dilution, remove intravasculor discolorations, and prevent distention
The embalmer should remove as much blood from the body as possible to
The method of drainage in relaton to injection in which an amount of aterial fluid is injected and then drainage is allowed to flow for a period of time, each one seperatly is the __ method.
Restricted Drainage; method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped at intervals while the injection continues
method of drainage in relation to injection in which both injection and drainage are allowed to flow freely throughout the operation is the ___ method.
chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest decomposition by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissue to form less susceptible to decomposition
The component of arterial fluid which is designed to decrease the molecular conhesion at the surface of a liquid is a
Chemical additives employed to offset the effects of water with an excessive mineral content are called
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: In addition to arterial fluid you should use:
Discoloration resulting when formaldehyde reacts with hemoglobin in the tissues is called:
Which of the following direct treatments, other than by arterial injection of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera, usually accomplished by aspiration and injection?
1, 2, 3
Which of the following should be done prior to cremation? 1-Remove jewelry as directed, 2-Obtain permission and remove pacemaker, 3-Remove prosthetic devices, 4-Remove natural dentition
A death was from natural causes, but the body was refrigerated for 24 hours prior to embalming. No autopsy is performed. In order to minimize abdominal distension and prevent purge, it is important to:
1 and 3
Which of the following are methods of evaluating and monitoring fluid distribution? 1-Staining dyes, 2-Abdominal distension, 3-Tissue dryness, 4-Cyanosis
2, 3 and 4
Arterial tube connections can be identified as which of the following types: 1-Quick connect, 2-Threaded, 3-Slip-type, 4-Luer-lok
For which of the following is it essential that hospitals and community services have a plan for the expeditious mobilization and use of their services?
Hemorrhagic, purulent vesicles should be drained during the embalming process and treated through surface embalming because they: 1-Interfere with restorative art, 2-Are infectious, 3-Cause atrophy in there remains, 4-Contain antigens
Use a terminal disinfection.
The deceased had liver cancer. The body is yellow. The right femoral artery has arteriosclerosis. QUESTION: If arterial methods have not been completely successful, what can be done to preserve the trunk?
co-injection and high index fluid
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: The most appropriate arterial solution will include:
A process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to retard organic decomposition, and to restore to an acceptable physical appearance is:
Dry the cavity and return treated viscera
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: Which is the appropriate cavity treatment?
treatment for eye enucleation
cauterize socket, prostesis; ping pong ball, kapock, mortuary putty and eyecaps.
obtain written permission
What do you need to order to do order to embalm, pror to any excision, dental, removal of pacemaker or other prostheses, or other major restorative procedure
Which of the following is a disinfectant and
preservative found in hardening compounds?
The dilution of concentrated arterial fluid as
prepared by the embalmer is called the
postmortem extravascular discoloration.
The discoloration which is considered to be most
Arteriosclerosis is a condition caused by the
presence of __ in the arterial tunics.
moisture content of tissues. age. cause of death.
An important factor to be considered in case analysis is
A postmortem discoloration brought about by the
rupture of the red blood cells and a release of their
contents into the tissues is
if it ruptures, fluid injected will escape
from the vascular system.
An aneurysm may prove troublesome in
drainage is usually a problem due to
increased blood viscosity.
In cases where death is accompanied by high fever
lung capillaries are weakened by disease
Clear embalming fluid is usually purged from the
nose and mouth during preparation of cases dead
of pulmonary tuberculosis because the
To prescribe and apply proper
Which of the following is a purpose of pre- embalming analysis?
Dyes used in arterial fluid which color the fluid
in the bottle, but impart no color to the body
more astringent than usual.
When preparing the primary dilution for an edematous case, the solution should be
The discoloration resulting when HCHO reacts
with hemoglobin in the tissues is called
aspirate pus from the pustule. swab pocket of aspirated lesion with disinfectant and
apply surface compresses.
When treating pustular or ulcerative lesions, which
of the following should be done?
Which of the following methods of injection and
drainage is recommended for use in embalming
cases which exhibit vascular disorders?
2 inches above and 2 inches to the left of
The point of entry for the trocar when aspirating
the cavities is
Cold water for the dilution, Primary injection
Which of the following should be used for
embalming a case which predisposes to
flattening of the eyeball. clouding of the cornea.
loss of luster of the conjunctiva.
Changes occurring in the eyes after death include
Cements, Calvarium clamps and
Which of the following is a prescribed method for
securing the calvarium in place?
Tumors, Paralytic conditions and
Which of the following is classified as a
malformation or deformity?
With the embalming machine turned on and the
rate of flow valve closed, the type of pressure
being shown on the pressure gauge is
Factors influencing the rate of decomposition such
as air, environmental temperature and moisture in
the atmosphere are known as
Left common carotid
Which of the following arteries begins at the level
of the second costal cartilage?
Which of these arteries extends from the lateral
border of the patella to the anterior surface of the
The injection of arterial solution at more than one
location is referred to as
Which of the following conditions creates
intravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
Which of the following substances serves as a
solvent for the many ingredients incorporated
in an embalming fluid?
Directing the trocar point toward the intersection
of the fifth intercostal space and the left mid-axillary line is the trocar guide for the
The passing of a solvent through a semipermeable
membrane from an area of lesser concentration to
an area of greater concentration is the definition of
The post mortem evacuation of any substance from
any external orifice of the body due to internal
and/or external pressure is
The injection pressure which just overcomes the
vascular resistance and causes the embalming fluid
to enter the arterial system at a moderate and
uniform rate is
Right common iliac
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the
following would be utilized to inject the lower
When preparing the infant case, which of the
following is recommended to be applied to the
tissues of the visible parts of the body during
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the
following would be utilized to inject the upper left
Right and left common carotid
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the
following blood vessels would you utilize to inject
the head of the deceased?
Which of the following sutures is described as a
recommended hidden stitch which could be used
on a cranial autopsy?
The arterial injection of a jaundice case with normal arterial fluid will likely cause which kind of a discoloration?
Low pressure, slow rate of flow
Which of the following treatments should be used
when intravascular difficulties are manifested I
during the embalming process?
Which of the following best describes the proper
torso incision made when performing an autopsy
Posterior to the ear
When the pathologist makes an incision for a cranial autopsy, which of the following best describe the proper location for the incision to begin?
If injecting an infant case by way of the heart,
which chamber of the heart is considered most
appropriate to insert the arterial tube for the best
The science of treating the body chemically, so as
to temporarily inhibit decomposition would most
appropriately apply to which of the following
The destruction or inhibition of most pathogenic
bacteria and their products in or on the body
defines which of the following terms?
The care of the deceased to recreate natural form
and color is a definition which would most
correctly apply to which of the following?
That procedure of disinfection which takes place
during the embalming process would most
correctly apply to which of the following?
That procedure of disinfection following the
embalming process to protect the environment
would most appropriately apply to which of the
An embalming chemical which affects the
stabilization of the acid-base balance within
embalming solutions and in the embalmed tissues
a heart tap
A direct method of drainage accomplished by
inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the
an aneurysm hook.
An embalming instrument that is used in raising
vessels and for blunt dissection is
An embalming instrument used to hypodermically
inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals
Any surface, prominence, or structure which is
used in establishing the location of an adjacent
structure or prominence is a(n)
An embalming instrument which is a one piece
scalpel used for making incisions and excisions is
Large volume of a dilute solution
Which of the following treatments would be used
for the embalming of a dehydrated body?
Which of the following conditions would
predispose a dead human body to rapid
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Which of these is an example of an intravascular
ante-mortem blood discoloration?
A long hollow needle-like tube that is used to draw
out the contents of the cavities and hollow organs
of the body is
According to the nine region plan, what abdominal
region is superior and lateral to the umbilical
According to the nine region plan, which region of
the abdominal pelvic cavity is located just lateral
of the umbilical region?
In the nine region plan, which region of the
abdominal pelvic cavity is located immediately
inferior to the umbilical region?
Which of the following microorganisms is
recognized as the causative agent of tissue gas?
What type of cavity treatment involves the making
of an incision from the xiphoid process of the
sternum to the pubic symphysis of the
Directing the point of the trocar toward a point
one-fourth of the distance from the right anterior
superior iliac spine to the pubic symphysis is the
trocar guide for the
The lobe of the right ear
Where should the point of the trocar be directed to
access the heart when the handle of the trocar is
aligned with the left anterior superior iliac spine?
The body of the deceased
Who is responsible for creating the secondary
dilution of the arterial solution?
They act as supplementary germicides
What is the purpose of the quaternary ammonium
compounds in embalming fluids?
What type of anticoagulant will breakup clots by
causing the mineral particles of the blood to fall
out of suspension?
Which of the following is an example of a
perfuming agent often used in embalming fluid?
An incision into a vessel that is parallel to the long
axis of a blood vessel is the
Use restricted drainage
What procedure may be used to return the body of
an emaciated case to normal contour and
The method of creating injection pressure that
incorporates air being forced under pressure into
the fluid chamber to displace the embalming fluid
into the body is
Which of the following causes a post-mortem
extravascular blood discoloration?
Which of these sutures begins by placing the point
of the needle within the incision and then up
through the skin passing from one side of the
incision to the other side with each stitch?
What method of mouth closure would be used to
secure the mouth of a body that has dentures but
also serious gum disease?
What should the relative temperature of the
primary dilution water be to embalm a severely
The type of embalming fluid used to disinfect and
preserve the viscera in the cavities of the body is
Chemicals that are added to arterial fluids to
meet the varying demands of embalming difficult
Which of the following are liquids or gels that help
treat skin slip, gangrene and surface ulcerations?
Which of the following would be the most
likely to cause intravascular resistance to fluid
They prepare the vascular system to
accept arterial embalming fluids
What is the purpose of primary injection fluids?
Which of these instruments is inserted into
an artery to facilitate the introduction of
The process of chemically treating a dead human
body to reduce the presence and growth of
microorganisms, retard organic decomposition and
restore an acceptable physical appearance is
Which of the following muscles is injected with a
hypodermic injection of cavity fluid to facilitate
The anatomical guide for the axillary artery is at
the medial border of the
Which artery can be located along a line from the
center of the antecubital fossa to a point between
the fourth and fifth digits of the upper extremity?
Which chemical substances inactivate the
saprophytic bacteria of a body and alter the tissues
of the body to render them less susceptible to
Restricted cervical injection
What is the name given to the embalming process
in which the injection of one common carotid
artery is accomplished while the other common
carotid artery is occluded?
Which of the following accessory chemicals is
designed to preserve tissue either by direct contact
or through gaseous vapors?
Which of these blood vessels is located posterior
to the medial border of the belly of the biceps
Which of these incisions is located along the supe-
rior border of the medial one-third of the clavicle?
Distention of the superficial vessels
Which of the following is a reliable sign of
Which of these is the most commonly used
disinfectant and preservative chemical agent in
Plaster of Paris
Which of these is a commonly used moisture
absorbing substance in hardening compound?
It can be used as a topical bleach and
disinfectant of the body
What is hydrogen peroxide used for in the
preparation of a dead body?
Which artery should be raised and injected to
facilitate the embalming of the body between the
antecubital fossa and the wrist?
What type of chemical agents are capable of
inactivating saprophytic bacteria, rendering
unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which
such bacteria thrive and arresting the
What type of solution has the power to attract a
solvent through a semi-permeable membrane
What type of solution will have its solvent drawn
through a semi-permeable membrane into a more
What type of solutions can be placed on opposite
sides of a semi-permeable membrane without
either solution attracting solvent from the other
solution across the membrane?
What is the name given to a type of purge which
has a color and odor consistent with that of
arterial fluid solution?
What type of autopsy consists of the examination
of the gastrointestinal tract below the diaphragm?
What type of autopsy consists of the examination
of the contents of the cranial and ventral cavities?
Post mortem intravascular blood
Which of these is the most accurate classification
of livor mortis?
Ante mortem extravascular blood
Which of these is the most accurate classification
They all are capable of bleaching
What is the common action of phenol, form
alin and sodium hypochlorite on the tissues
of the body?
They impart a color to the tissue
What is the purpose of adding eosin and
erythrosine to arterial fluid?
Semi-hardening arterial fluids
Which of the following embalming fluids produces
maximum disinfection and preservation without
causing objectionable changes in the
Which of the following suture patterns is used
to turn under the excess margins of skin in an
Superior vena cava
Which of the following blood vessels is NOT
suitable for the injection of arterial fluids into a
The disinfection of the body
Which of these is considered to be the most
important aspect of the embalming operation?
Which of these devices found in the preparation
room uses water pressure to create a vacuum?
Dehydration of the superficial tissue
What is the effect of a fan blowing a current of air
over a dead human body?
It can act as a perfuming agent
What is the purpose of adding Oil of Wintergreen
to an embalming fluid?
The slow injection of a mild solution
Which of the following actions would help normalize the moisture content of an emaciated body?
It has a limited pressure range
Which of these is a disadvantage of using the
gravity percolator for embalming?
Which of these conditions may affect the pressure
at which arterial fluid must be injected to over-
come the initial resistance?
If a body part has been mutilated, which of the fol-
lowing embalming procedures is recommended?
Immediately after arterial injection is
If you are embalming a body which has an
infectious disease when should the cavity
treatment procedure begin?
Discoloration can be lessened by adding a
bleaching agent to the arterial fluid
How can an extravascular discoloration be dealt
with during the embalming process?
It is the primary injection solution
Which of these is the more accurate description of
the pre-injection solution?
Osha requires that if the levels are above the action level which is TWA 0.5 then monitoring must be repeated every
tunica media and tunica interna
As an embalmer is getting ready to embalm a body, he can't get the arterial tube into the artery that he raised cause it is too small. He decides to force it in and damages the artery . What inner parts of the artery did he damage?
internal jugular and common carodid
What artery and vein do you normally use when embalming an unautopsied body?
You are about ready to embalm a body. As you are doing the case analysis you notice that the body has a compound fracture where the femur is broken through the skin. Which artery do you raise to embalm?
As the body is on the embalming table and your getting ready to embalm the body, you notice that the deceased has had a cranial autopsy, Which arteries do you use to embalm?
cauterization with phenol, cavity packs, or embalming gel packs.
A practitioner analyzes remains where tissue has been harvested from the anterior portions of both thighs. The best treatment would be which of the following?
are safety procedures to be followed in the handling of human remains, blood, and body fluids. These procedures are based on the required assumption that all human remains may be infected with HIV or HBV virus or other bloodborne pathogens.
Bloodborne Pathogen Rule
OSHA REGULATION (29CFR 1910-1030) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids. OSHA DEFINITIONS: Blood. Human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood
pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans; these pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Branches of the Arch of Aorta
Brachiocephalic Artery, Left Common Carotid Artery, and Left Subclavian Artery
Osha requires that if the levels are above the action level the STEL, then monitoring must be repeated every
Could be considered mutilation
Getting premission to preform embalming or restorative art procedure. Where does this rule some from to ask?
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