A method of obtaining pressure for the injection of aterial fulid is
Which of the following is NOT a method of obtaining pressure for injections of aterial fluid?
an arterial tube
An insturment which is inserted into the artery for the introdunction of fluid is
An insturment which may be used to guide an aterial or vein tube into a vessel is the
The purpose of the embalming analysis is to determine
the proper embalming techinque and chemicals to use.
intrinsic or extrinsic
Variable factors encountered with every dead body are classified as
Which of the following is an extrnsic factor to be considered in embalming a dead body?
The method of mouth closure which employes wires attached to the small tacks which are incerted into the upper and lower jaw is called the
The method of mouth closure employing a suture passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible is called the
lower one-third of the orbit.
In the normal eye closure, the eyelids should meet in the
The right common carotid artery begins at the level of the
superior border of the thyroid cartilage
The common carotid arteries terminate at the level of the
Sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior surface of the lobe of the ear
The linear guide for the common carotid artery is from the
center of the axillary space parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity
The linear guide for the axillary artery is from the
center of the base of the axillary space to the center of the inner bend of the elbow
The linear guide for the brachial artery is from the
center of the antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the index finger
The linear guide for the radial artery is from the
center of the inguinal ligament to the center of the medial condyle of the femur.
The linear guide for the femur artery is from the
center of the popliteal space parallel to the long axis of the lower extremity
The linear guide for the popliteal artery is form the
On the surface of the forarm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the forth and fifth fingers is the linear guide for the
posterior tibial artery
From the center of the popliteal space to a point midway between the medial malleolus and the calcaneus bone is the linear guide for the
dorsalis pedis artery
From the center of the anterior surface of the ankle joint to a point between the first and second toe is the linear guide for the
anterior tibial artery
From the lateral border of the patella to the anterior surface of the ankle joint is the linear guide for the
The anatomical guide for the ___ artery is along the medial border of the sternocleidmastoid muscle.
The anatomical guide for the ___ artery is posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle.
Through the center of the femoral triangle bordered laterally by the sartorius muscle and medially by the adductor longus muscle us the anatomical guide for the __ artery.
Just behind the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle is the anatomical guide for the ___ artery.
The anatomical guide for the __ artery is just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle.
The ulnar artery lies along the ___ border of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle.
The right __ artery is shorter then the left one due to its orgin
The ___ artery changes its name to femoral and is used in the embalming of an autopsied body.
The inferior vena cava is the vein which accompanies the
In the femoral triangle the femoral artery is bordered laterally by the ___ muscle.
The femoral artery is bordered medially by the ___ muscle.
The femoral artery originates at a point behind the center of the inguinal ligament and terminates at the opening of the ___ muscle.
The ___ artery which originates at the opening in the adductor magus muscle, terminates at the inferior border of the popliteous muscle.
Time Weighted Average (TWA)
A concentration of .75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (.75 ppm) averaged over an 8 hour period.
Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
A concentration of 2 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (2 ppm) during a 15 minute period.
Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines IDLH as 20 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (1996);NIOSH has determined that at this level of exposure serious injury and or death may result
anterior tibial artery
The ___ artery courses along the lateral margin of the crest of the tibia, passes through the center of the anterioir surface of the ankle joint and becomes the dorsalis pedis artery.
Distention of the body tissues is a complication of
age, weight, disease
One of the factors to be considered in selecting the artery to be injected is
When using the gravity method of obtaining pressure for injecting aterial fluid, the embalmer can expect to receive approximately ___ pounds per pressure per foot of elevation above the point of injection.
set before the rate of flow
When injecting a body with any mechanical injector, the desired pressure should be
The injection and drainage procedure in which the injection and drainage are accomplished through the same incision is called
PEL of STEL
permissible exposure limit..under 2ppm
PEL for TWA
permissible exposure limit...under .5ppm
Restricted Cervical Injection
method of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised
injection from one site and drainage from another
the dilution attained as the embalming solution is mixed in the embalming machine
weakening of the embalming fluid by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial
the movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries
passage of some components of the injected embalming solution from an intravascular to an extravascular location; movement of the embalming solutions from the capillaries into the interstitial fluids.
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming fluid through the capillary wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids; causing passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to an extravascular position
diminish secondary dilution, remove intravasculor discolorations, and prevent distention
The embalmer should remove as much blood from the body as possible to
The method of drainage in relaton to injection in which an amount of aterial fluid is injected and then drainage is allowed to flow for a period of time, each one seperatly is the __ method.
Restricted Drainage; method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped at intervals while the injection continues
method of drainage in relation to injection in which both injection and drainage are allowed to flow freely throughout the operation is the ___ method.
Which of the following blood vessels is in the orgin of the popliteal artery?
Those pre embalming consideratons given to the case at hand are called
tilted to the right approximatly 15 degrees
During embalming the head should be
The amound of HCHO formaldehyde measured in grams dissoved in 100mL of water refers to
chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest decomposition by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissue to form less susceptible to decomposition
Chemimals which retard the increase in viscosity of blood are
The component of arterial fluid which is designed to decrease the molecular conhesion at the surface of a liquid is a
A component of aterial fluids which imparts color to a solvent is a
Chemical additives that act as moisture retainers in the tissues are termed
There is an immediate danger to health and life if exposed to formaldehyde levels above
Chemical additives employed to offset the effects of water with an excessive mineral content are called
High index fluids generally cause
the action of ch2o formaldehyde on protein is termed
with aterial injections
Co-injections fluids are used
call the coroner/police/medical examiner
If, at the removal, you suspect foul play you should:
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: In addition to arterial fluid you should use:
Of the 9 regions of the abdomen, the central region is called:
Discoloration resulting when formaldehyde reacts with hemoglobin in the tissues is called:
Which of the following is associated with the brachial artery?
A secondary injection point used to clear the hand and fingers is the:
no change in color
Finger ligation on a cadaver will cause:
Cavity embalming consists of two steps, aspiration and:
2 ppm/15 minutes
The Formaldehyde Standard for short-term exposure to formaldehyde is:
Which of the following direct treatments, other than by arterial injection of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera, usually accomplished by aspiration and injection?
Any abnormal color appearing in or upon the human body is called:
1, 2, 3
Which of the following should be done prior to cremation? 1-Remove jewelry as directed, 2-Obtain permission and remove pacemaker, 3-Remove prosthetic devices, 4-Remove natural dentition
A death was from natural causes, but the body was refrigerated for 24 hours prior to embalming. No autopsy is performed. In order to minimize abdominal distension and prevent purge, it is important to:
Livor mortis is synonymous with:
Natural depressions on the face may be destroyed by excessive use of:
1 and 3
Which of the following are methods of evaluating and monitoring fluid distribution? 1-Staining dyes, 2-Abdominal distension, 3-Tissue dryness, 4-Cyanosis
Severe generalized edema is known as:
2, 3 and 4
Arterial tube connections can be identified as which of the following types: 1-Quick connect, 2-Threaded, 3-Slip-type, 4-Luer-lok
The LEAST likely artery to use on an unautopsied infant is the:
For which of the following is it essential that hospitals and community services have a plan for the expeditious mobilization and use of their services?
The suture normally used to close a trocar puncture would be the:
Hemorrhagic, purulent vesicles should be drained during the embalming process and treated through surface embalming because they: 1-Interfere with restorative art, 2-Are infectious, 3-Cause atrophy in there remains, 4-Contain antigens
A 125 to 175 pound adult would require a minimum injection of:
Severely dehydrated remains require:
suture with a baseball stitch
If the lips do not stay closed, DO NOT:
What is the TWA for HCHO?
Use a terminal disinfection.
The deceased had liver cancer. The body is yellow. The right femoral artery has arteriosclerosis. QUESTION: If arterial methods have not been completely successful, what can be done to preserve the trunk?
Another name for pleural effusion is
Which condition will lead to early decomposition?
Low index fluids used to inhibit bilirubin from turning to biliverdin are known as:
co-injection and high index fluid
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: The most appropriate arterial solution will include:
decrease drainage in the lower extremities
A thrombus in the iliac veins will:
Creamy, white, and odorless purge from the nostrils is probably from the:
A process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to retard organic decomposition, and to restore to an acceptable physical appearance is:
for mouth closure
A needle injector is used:
More water can be removed from tissues with embalming fluids that are:
Dry the cavity and return treated viscera
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: Which is the appropriate cavity treatment?
What is used to inject embalming fluid?
Incision to sever muscles
What is NOT suggested to reduce rigor mortis?
one point injection
Injection and drainage from one location is called:
A factor that indicates the use of a more dilute arterial solution is
the ammonia reacts with formaldehyde
In a case involving death from uremia
Rigor mortis and algor mortis are similar in that both are
How many ounces of 32 index fluid are needed to make 2 gallons of a 2% fluid dilution?
The setting of blood to dependent parts of the body is called
Which of the following sutures would best be employed for an abdominal puncture wound?
inferior third of the orbit
In posing the eyes, the eyelids should meet at the
Hypodermic tissue building may be preformed as a postembalming treatment for
What do you need to order to do order to embalm, pror to any excision, dental, removal of pacemaker or other prostheses, or other major restorative procedure
order of decompsistion
1. Carbohydrates 2. Proteins 3. Fats 4. Hard proteins 5. Bone
Index is a measure of fluid strength which considers the percentage of
plaster of paris.
The hardening agent in hardening compounds is
Which of the following is a disinfectant and preservative found in hardening compounds?
The maximum average level of exposure to formaldehyde over an eight hour time period is
The dilution of concentrated arterial fluid as prepared by the embalmer is called the
The dilution of arterial solutions by the fluids of the body is called the
A bronze discoloration develops on the body as a result of
postmortem extravascular discoloration.
The discoloration which is considered to be most permanent is
Carbon monoxide poisoning results in a __ discoloration.
Arteriosclerosis is a condition caused by the presence of __ in the arterial tunics.
Varicose veins is a condition otherwise known as
Which of the following is an example of an intravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
The settling of the blood to the dependent parts of the body is known as
causes a stain.
Hemolysis complicates the embalming process because it
is caused by blood and lymph.
A secondary dilution as related to the embalming operation
a time lapse between death and embalming
An extrinisic variable factor in embalming is
Improper positioning of the head on the headrest may interfere with drainage from the
moisture content of tissues. age. cause of death.
An important factor to be considered in case analysis is
Postmortem staining is an extravascular change in the color of tissues due to
A postmortem discoloration brought about by the rupture of the red blood cells and a release of their contents into the tissues is
An abnormal color appearing in or upon the human body is
The lymph fluids of the body help to promote
Vascular embalming fluids are injected into the
Cosmetic fluids are so called because they contain
they mask the odor of formaldehyde.
Perfuming materials are used in embalming fluids because
degree of acidity or alkalinity.
pH is a measure of the
as a preservative and drying agent in autopsied cases.
Hardening compound is used
promotes blood clotting.
if it ruptures, fluid injected will escape from the vascular system.
An aneurysm may prove troublesome in embalming because
The arterial fluid injected into an edematous body will be
drainage is usually a problem due to increased blood viscosity.
In cases where death is accompanied by high fever
lung capillaries are weakened by disease
Clear embalming fluid is usually purged from the nose and mouth during preparation of cases dead of pulmonary tuberculosis because the
cause of death.
. One example of an intrinsic factor in case analysis is
Which of these blood vessels is the origin of the brachial artery?
To prescribe and apply proper embalming techniques
Which of the following is a purpose of pre- embalming analysis?
Dyes used in arterial fluid which color the fluid in the bottle, but impart no color to the body tissues are
For which of the following cases would high index fluids be recommended?
less than usual.
In cases of emaciation, secondary dilution would be
more astringent than usual.
When preparing the primary dilution for an edematous case, the solution should be
Any traumatic or pathological change in the structure of the skin is known as
Which of the following is an antemortem extravascular blood discoloration?
The initial color change of decomposing tissue is
The discoloration resulting when HCHO reacts with hemoglobin in the tissues is called
A blister is also known as a
aspirate pus from the pustule. swab pocket of aspirated lesion with disinfectant and apply surface compresses.
When treating pustular or ulcerative lesions, which of the following should be done?
Which of the following methods of injection and drainage is recommended for use in embalming cases which exhibit vascular disorders?
Which of these blood vessels is the origin of the axillary artery?
The most positive sign of death is
signs of decomposition.
Odor, purge, and skin slip are
The first body compounds to decompose are the
lining of the trachea and larynx.
In the normal case, the first organ to decompose is the
carbon monoxide poisoning.
A condition which favors edema is
The self-destruction of cells is known as
retards fluid distribution.
Rigor mortis is detrimental to the embalming process because it
The temporary rise in body temperature after death is called
The decomposition of protein by the action of aerobic bacteria is
The decomposition of protein by the action of anaerobic bacteria is
Death beginning by failure of one of the vital organs of the body is
The action of formaldehyde on protein is
A condition in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained is
The normal pH of the living body is
2 inches above and 2 inches to the left of the umbilicus
The point of entry for the trocar when aspirating the cavities is
The first muscle tissue to be affected by rigor mortis is
diluted by the edema.
The arterial fluid injected into an edematous body will be
The separation of body compounds into simpler substances is called
Cold water for the dilution, Primary injection Large volume
Which of the following should be used for embalming a case which predisposes to dehydration?
Livor mortis is synonymous with
hinders the embalming operation.
The onset of postmortem changes generally
flattening of the eyeball. clouding of the cornea. loss of luster of the conjunctiva.
Changes occurring in the eyes after death include
Fatty tissue in a body retards algor mortis because it
Which of the following is an antemortem extravascular blood discoloration?
__ is a condition which predisposes to intravascular difficulties.
Cements, Calvarium clamps and Needle injector
Which of the following is a prescribed method for securing the calvarium in place?
Frothy white color
Which of the following characterizes lung purge?
Tumors, Paralytic conditions and Mutilations
Which of the following is classified as a malformation or deformity?
edema of the scrotum.
The whip stitch is also known as the
The decomposition of fats occurs by
With the embalming machine turned on and the rate of flow valve closed, the type of pressure being shown on the pressure gauge is
Factors influencing the rate of decomposition such as air, environmental temperature and moisture in the atmosphere are known as
Damage to the valves of the heart usually occurs in cases with
Left common carotid
Which of the following arteries begins at the level of the second costal cartilage?
The focal point in regards to the cavity treatment of a case with tuberculosis is the
Burns that have blisters that form are classified as
Which of these arteries extends from the lateral border of the patella to the anterior surface of the ankle?
The injection of arterial solution at more than one location is referred to as
right atrium of the heart.
The center of blood drainage in embalming is the
Which of the following conditions creates intravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
Which of the following are the first products of decomposition?
The optimum temperature to promote decomposition is
Separation of the dermis and the epidermis after death is called
Continuous injection of arterial solution with drainage taken at intervals is called
rate of flow.
The speed at which the embalming solution enters the body is called
Which of the following substances serves as a solvent for the many ingredients incorporated in an embalming fluid?
Directing the trocar point toward the intersection of the fifth intercostal space and the left mid-axillary line is the trocar guide for the
The passing of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration is the definition of
The post mortem evacuation of any substance from any external orifice of the body due to internal and/or external pressure is
The injection pressure which just overcomes the vascular resistance and causes the embalming fluid to enter the arterial system at a moderate and uniform rate is
Right common iliac
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the following would be utilized to inject the lower right extremity?
When preparing the infant case, which of the following is recommended to be applied to the tissues of the visible parts of the body during embalming?
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the following would be utilized to inject the upper left extremity?
In an exanthematous disease, which of the following would best describe the skin?
Right and left common carotid
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the following blood vessels would you utilize to inject the head of the deceased?
Pin-point hemorrhage refers to which of the following?
Jaundice is best described by which of the following?
A blood-filled swelling is descriptive of which of the following?
The color of cadaveric lividity can best be described by which of the following?
Which of the following sutures is described as a recommended hidden stitch which could be used on a cranial autopsy?
The arterial injection of a jaundice case with normal arterial fluid will likely cause which kind of a discoloration?
Addison's Disease generally results in which kin of a discoloration?
Low pressure, slow rate of flow
Which of the following treatments should be used when intravascular difficulties are manifested I during the embalming process?
Which of the following best describes the proper torso incision made when performing an autopsy
Posterior to the ear
When the pathologist makes an incision for a cranial autopsy, which of the following best describe the proper location for the incision to begin?
If injecting an infant case by way of the heart, which chamber of the heart is considered most appropriate to insert the arterial tube for the best results?
The science of treating the body chemically, so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition would most appropriately apply to which of the following terms?
The destruction or inhibition of most pathogenic bacteria and their products in or on the body defines which of the following terms?
The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is a definition which would most correctly apply to which of the following?
That procedure of disinfection which takes place during the embalming process would most correctly apply to which of the following?
That procedure of disinfection following the embalming process to protect the environment would most appropriately apply to which of the following?
An embalming chemical which affects the stabilization of the acid-base balance within embalming solutions and in the embalmed tissues is a(n)
A drying of the body or tissues as a result of the removal of moisture (water) is
a heart tap
A direct method of drainage accomplished by inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the heart is
Edema within the pleural cavity is
A soapy waxy by-product of saponification is
an aneurysm hook.
An embalming instrument that is used in raising vessels and for blunt dissection is
A dead human body which is used for anatomic, and scientific study is
The irreversible total cessation of metabolic activity is known as a(n)
A mixture of formaldehyde gas dissolved in water is
The abnormal accumulation of fluid in the intercellular spaces or cavities is
The escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location is
An embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals is a(n)
. Death beginning at the brain is termed
The swelling and bursting of the red blood cells is
The post mortem loss of body heat is
The mixture of embalming fluid and water which is used in arterial injections is
Any surface, prominence, or structure which is used in establishing the location of an adjacent structure or prominence is a(n)
An embalming instrument which is a one piece scalpel used for making incisions and excisions is
Large volume of a dilute solution
Which of the following treatments would be used for the embalming of a dehydrated body?
An accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the heart sac is
Which of the following conditions would predispose a dead human body to rapid decomposition?
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Which of these is an example of an intravascular ante-mortem blood discoloration?
A discoloration that appears on the body during life is considered
A discoloration that appears on the body after death is
A long hollow needle-like tube that is used to draw out the contents of the cavities and hollow organs of the body is
According to the nine region plan, what abdominal region is superior and lateral to the umbilical
According to the nine region plan, which region of the abdominal pelvic cavity is located just lateral of the umbilical region?
In the nine region plan, which region of the abdominal pelvic cavity is located immediately inferior to the umbilical region?
Which of the following microorganisms is recognized as the causative agent of tissue gas?
What type of cavity treatment involves the making of an incision from the xiphoid process of the sternum to the pubic symphysis of the pelvic girdle?
Directing the point of the trocar toward a point one-fourth of the distance from the right anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic symphysis is the trocar guide for the
The lobe of the right ear
Where should the point of the trocar be directed to access the heart when the handle of the trocar is aligned with the left anterior superior iliac spine?
The body of the deceased
Who is responsible for creating the secondary dilution of the arterial solution?
a special arterial fluid.
Jaundice fluid is classified as
It acts as a preservative
What is the purpose of formaldehyde in embalming fluids?
They act as supplementary germicides
What is the purpose of the quaternary ammonium compounds in embalming fluids?
What type of anticoagulant will breakup clots by causing the mineral particles of the blood to fall out of suspension?
The most common vehicle used in embalming fluids is
It will impart a color change
What is the purpose of ponceau in embalming fluids?
Which of the following is an example of a perfuming agent often used in embalming fluid?
Which of the following may cause malformations and deformities of a body?
An incision into a vessel that is parallel to the long axis of a blood vessel is the
Use restricted drainage
What procedure may be used to return the body of an emaciated case to normal contour and moisture content?
uses centrifugal force.
The motorized force pump
The method of creating injection pressure that incorporates air being forced under pressure into the fluid chamber to displace the embalming fluid into the body is
In the sclera of the eyeball
Where is the condition of jaundice first noticed on a dead body?
Which of the following causes a post-mortem extravascular blood discoloration?
Which of these sutures begins by placing the point of the needle within the incision and then up through the skin passing from one side of the incision to the other side with each stitch?
What method of mouth closure would be used to secure the mouth of a body that has dentures but also serious gum disease?
What should the relative temperature of the primary dilution water be to embalm a severely dehydrated case?
The type of embalming fluid used to disinfect and preserve the viscera in the cavities of the body is
Chemicals that are added to arterial fluids to meet the varying demands of embalming difficult cases are
Which of the following are liquids or gels that help treat skin slip, gangrene and surface ulcerations?
What instrument can be used to hold a cotton ball used to disinfect the eyes?
What embalming instrument can be used to clamp a leaking blood vessel?
Which of the following would be the most likely to cause intravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
The study of death is
Which of the following is an inexpert test for death?
They prepare the vascular system to accept arterial embalming fluids
What is the purpose of primary injection fluids?
Which of these is the last of the body compounds to decompose?
Which of these instruments is inserted into an artery to facilitate the introduction of arterial fluid?
The process of chemically treating a dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, retard organic decomposition and restore an acceptable physical appearance is
Which of the following types of decomposition yields foul odors?
Which of the following muscles is injected with a hypodermic injection of cavity fluid to facilitate mouth closure?
The cool ing of the body to the temperature of its surroundings is
The anatomical guide for the axillary artery is at the medial border of the
Double intradermal stitch
Which of the following suture patterns involves the use of two needles?
Which artery can be located along a line from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the fourth and fifth digits of the upper extremity?
Which of these would be the last to decompose?
Which chemical substances inactivate the saprophytic bacteria of a body and alter the tissues of the body to render them less susceptible to decomposition?
an active dye.
The key ingredient of an arterial fluid classified as a cosmetic fluid is
Restricted cervical injection
What is the name given to the embalming process in which the injection of one common carotid artery is accomplished while the other common carotid artery is occluded?
dorsalis pedis artery
The artery which is a continuation of the anterior tibial artery is the
Which of the following accessory chemicals is designed to preserve tissue either by direct contact or through gaseous vapors?
Which of these blood vessels is located posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle?
Which of these conditions is associated with edema?
Which of these incisions is located along the supe- rior border of the medial one-third of the clavicle?
What color is imparted to the body by radium treatments?
The decomposition of fats
What is lipolysis?
Which of these is the prescribed incision for a sclerotic blood vessel?
Distention of the superficial vessels
Which of the following is a reliable sign of fluid distribution?
Which of these is an example of a pre-embalming chemical change in a body?
Which of these is an example of an air pressure apparatus used to embalm a body?
In the pelvic cavity
Where are the iliac arteries and veins located?
Which of these is an example of a perfuming agent?
The most common method used for arterially injecting a body today is the
The post mortem stiffening of the body muscles is
What suture is used to close a trocar puncture?
Which of these is the most commonly used disinfectant and preservative chemical agent in hardening compounds?
Plaster of Paris
Which of these is a commonly used moisture absorbing substance in hardening compound?
Which of these organs will yield bile when aspirated by a trocar?
Which of these terms designates a person who is in the act of dying?
A moribund person is said to be in what state?
What is the mode of somatic death which begins in the brain?
What is the decomposition of proteins by the enzymes of anaerobic bacteria?
What substance undergoes the fermentation process?
What substance undergoes the process of decay by aerobic bacterial enzymes?
What is the decomposition of sugar called?
It can be used as a topical bleach and disinfectant of the body
What is hydrogen peroxide used for in the preparation of a dead body?
What muscle is injected with arterial fluid to facilitate the closure of the mouth?
Internal jugular vein
Which vein is considered to be the companion to the common carotid artery?
Which artery should be raised and injected to facilitate the embalming of the body between the antecubital fossa and the wrist?
Which bood vessel is the continuation of the external iliac atery?
Which blood vessel continues as the brachial artery?
It lies medial and deep
What is the relationship of the femoral vein to the femoral artery?
What muscle acts as the anatomical guide for the external iliac artery?
What type of chemical agents are capable of inactivating saprophytic bacteria, rendering unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive and arresting the decomposition process?
Which chemical agents render microorganisms incapable of growth and reproduction?
Which chemical agents retard the tendency of blood to become more viscous?
What type of solution has the power to attract a solvent through a semi-permeable membrane into itself?
What type of solution will have its solvent drawn through a semi-permeable membrane into a more concentrated solution?
What type of solutions can be placed on opposite sides of a semi-permeable membrane without either solution attracting solvent from the other solution across the membrane?
What is the name given to a type of purge which has a color and odor consistent with that of arterial fluid solution?
What type of autopsy involves the post mortem examination of the brain only?
What type of autopsy consists of the examination of the gastrointestinal tract below the diaphragm?
What type of autopsy consists of the examination of the contents of the cranial and ventral cavities?
Post mortem intravascular blood discoloration
Which of these is the most accurate classification of livor mortis?
Ante mortem extravascular blood discoloration
Which of these is the most accurate classification of petechia?
They all are capable of bleaching the tissue
What is the common action of phenol, form alin and sodium hypochlorite on the tissues of the body?
They impart a color to the tissue
What is the purpose of adding eosin and erythrosine to arterial fluid?
Semi-hardening arterial fluids
Which of the following embalming fluids produces maximum disinfection and preservation without causing objectionable changes in the skin texture?
Which of the following suture patterns is used to turn under the excess margins of skin in an incision?
Superior vena cava
Which of the following blood vessels is NOT suitable for the injection of arterial fluids into a small infant?
The disinfection of the body
Which of these is considered to be the most important aspect of the embalming operation?
Putrefaction of the body tissues
Which of these conditions contributes to skin-slip?
In which of the following cases will decomposition develop most rapidly?
Which of these devices found in the preparation room uses water pressure to create a vacuum?
Dehydration of the superficial tissue
What is the effect of a fan blowing a current of air over a dead human body?
Which of these embalming instruments is used to make an incision?
The elevation of the extremities will aid the embalmer when embalming an
It can act as a preservative/disinfectant
What is the purpose of phenol in embalming fluids?
It can act as a perfuming agent
What is the purpose of adding Oil of Wintergreen to an embalming fluid?
The slow injection of a mild solution
Which of the following actions would help normalize the moisture content of an emaciated body?
Which of these is the solid state of formaldehyde?
It has a limited pressure range
Which of these is a disadvantage of using the gravity percolator for embalming?
Which of these suture patterns is best suited for exposed skin?
Which of these conditions may affect the pressure at which arterial fluid must be injected to over- come the initial resistance?
If a body part has been mutilated, which of the fol- lowing embalming procedures is recommended?
Immediately after arterial injection is completed
If you are embalming a body which has an infectious disease when should the cavity treatment procedure begin?
Which of these provides extravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
Discoloration can be lessened by adding a bleaching agent to the arterial fluid
How can an extravascular discoloration be dealt with during the embalming process?
What body organ will produce hydrochloric acid?
It is the primary injection solution
Which of these is the more accurate description of the pre-injection solution?
Osha requires that if the levels are above the action level which is TWA 0.5 then monitoring must be repeated every
tunica media and tunica interna
As an embalmer is getting ready to embalm a body, he can't get the arterial tube into the artery that he raised cause it is too small. He decides to force it in and damages the artery . What inner parts of the artery did he damage?
internal jugular and common carodid
What artery and vein do you normally use when embalming an unautopsied body?
external iliac artery
Which artery do you use to embalm an autopsied body?
Record of the electrical activity of the heart.
A record of the electrical activity of the brain.
You are about ready to embalm a body. As you are doing the case analysis you notice that the body has a compound fracture where the femur is broken through the skin. Which artery do you raise to embalm?
As the body is on the embalming table and your getting ready to embalm the body, you notice that the deceased has had a cranial autopsy, Which arteries do you use to embalm?
cauterization with phenol, cavity packs, or embalming gel packs.
A practitioner analyzes remains where tissue has been harvested from the anterior portions of both thighs. The best treatment would be which of the following?
are safety procedures to be followed in the handling of human remains, blood, and body fluids. These procedures are based on the required assumption that all human remains may be infected with HIV or HBV virus or other bloodborne pathogens.
A phase of somatic Death lasting from 5-6 mimutes during which life may be restored.
Bloodborne Pathogen Rule
OSHA REGULATION (29CFR 1910-1030) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids. OSHA DEFINITIONS: Blood. Human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood
pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans; these pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Center of drainage
Superior Vena Cava
Receives blood from head and upper extremities, goes into right atrium
Inferior Vena Cava
Receives blood from visceral organs, trunk, and legs, goes into right atrium
Branches of the Arch of Aorta
Brachiocephalic Artery, Left Common Carotid Artery, and Left Subclavian Artery
The valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
Bicuspid or mitral valve
The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
Only branches of the ascending aorta
Bring blood from right ventricle to lungs
Bring blood from lungs to left atrium
Receives deoxygenated blood
Receives oxygenated blood
Arch of the aorta
Center for distribution
Osha requires that if the levels are above the action level the STEL, then monitoring must be repeated every
Could be considered mutilation
Getting premission to preform embalming or restorative art procedure. Where does this rule some from to ask?
Edema in the abdominal cavity
Edema in the pleural cavity
Edema of the brain
Edema of the scrotum
The separation of differing substances in solution because of their diffusibility of through a semipermeable membane.