How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

419 terms

embalming 1

STUDY
PLAY
a hand pump
A method of obtaining pressure for the injection of aterial fulid is
Hydroaspirator
Which of the following is NOT a method of obtaining pressure for injections of aterial fluid?
an arterial tube
An insturment which is inserted into the artery for the introdunction of fluid is
groove director
An insturment which may be used to guide an aterial or vein tube into a vessel is the
The purpose of the embalming analysis is to determine
the proper embalming techinque and chemicals to use.
intrinsic or extrinsic
Variable factors encountered with every dead body are classified as
Atmospheric conditions
Which of the following is an extrnsic factor to be considered in embalming a dead body?
needle injector
The method of mouth closure which employes wires attached to the small tacks which are incerted into the upper and lower jaw is called the
mandibular suture
The method of mouth closure employing a suture passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible is called the
lower one-third of the orbit.
In the normal eye closure, the eyelids should meet in the
sternoclavicular articulation
The right common carotid artery begins at the level of the
superior border of the thyroid cartilage
The common carotid arteries terminate at the level of the
Sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior surface of the lobe of the ear
The linear guide for the common carotid artery is from the
center of the axillary space parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity
The linear guide for the axillary artery is from the
center of the base of the axillary space to the center of the inner bend of the elbow
The linear guide for the brachial artery is from the
center of the antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the index finger
The linear guide for the radial artery is from the
center of the inguinal ligament to the center of the medial condyle of the femur.
The linear guide for the femur artery is from the
center of the popliteal space parallel to the long axis of the lower extremity
The linear guide for the popliteal artery is form the
Ulnar artery
On the surface of the forarm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the forth and fifth fingers is the linear guide for the
posterior tibial artery
From the center of the popliteal space to a point midway between the medial malleolus and the calcaneus bone is the linear guide for the
dorsalis pedis artery
From the center of the anterior surface of the ankle joint to a point between the first and second toe is the linear guide for the
anterior tibial artery
From the lateral border of the patella to the anterior surface of the ankle joint is the linear guide for the
common carotid
The anatomical guide for the ___ artery is along the medial border of the sternocleidmastoid muscle.
brachial
The anatomical guide for the ___ artery is posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle.
femoral
Through the center of the femoral triangle bordered laterally by the sartorius muscle and medially by the adductor longus muscle us the anatomical guide for the __ artery.
axillary
Just behind the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle is the anatomical guide for the ___ artery.
radial
The anatomical guide for the __ artery is just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle.
lateral
The ulnar artery lies along the ___ border of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle.
subclavian
The right __ artery is shorter then the left one due to its orgin
external iliac
The ___ artery changes its name to femoral and is used in the embalming of an autopsied body.
decending aorta
The inferior vena cava is the vein which accompanies the
sartorius
In the femoral triangle the femoral artery is bordered laterally by the ___ muscle.
adductor longus
The femoral artery is bordered medially by the ___ muscle.
adductor magnus
The femoral artery originates at a point behind the center of the inguinal ligament and terminates at the opening of the ___ muscle.
popliteal
The ___ artery which originates at the opening in the adductor magus muscle, terminates at the inferior border of the popliteous muscle.
Time Weighted Average (TWA)
A concentration of .75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (.75 ppm) averaged over an 8 hour period.
Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
A concentration of 2 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (2 ppm) during a 15 minute period.
Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines IDLH as 20 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (1996);NIOSH has determined that at this level of exposure serious injury and or death may result
anterior tibial artery
The ___ artery courses along the lateral margin of the crest of the tibia, passes through the center of the anterioir surface of the ankle joint and becomes the dorsalis pedis artery.
anasarca
Distention of the body tissues is a complication of
age, weight, disease
One of the factors to be considered in selecting the artery to be injected is
1/2
When using the gravity method of obtaining pressure for injecting aterial fluid, the embalmer can expect to receive approximately ___ pounds per pressure per foot of elevation above the point of injection.
set before the rate of flow
When injecting a body with any mechanical injector, the desired pressure should be
one point
The injection and drainage procedure in which the injection and drainage are accomplished through the same incision is called
PEL of STEL
permissible exposure limit..under 2ppm
PEL for TWA
permissible exposure limit...under .5ppm
Restricted Cervical Injection
method of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised
Split Injection
injection from one site and drainage from another
Primary Dilution
the dilution attained as the embalming solution is mixed in the embalming machine
Secondary Dilution
weakening of the embalming fluid by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial
Distribution (Fluid)
the movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries
Diffusion (Fluid)
passage of some components of the injected embalming solution from an intravascular to an extravascular location; movement of the embalming solutions from the capillaries into the interstitial fluids.
Osmosis
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
Pressure (Filtration)
positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming fluid through the capillary wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids; causing passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to an extravascular position
diminish secondary dilution, remove intravasculor discolorations, and prevent distention
The embalmer should remove as much blood from the body as possible to
alternate
The method of drainage in relaton to injection in which an amount of aterial fluid is injected and then drainage is allowed to flow for a period of time, each one seperatly is the __ method.
Intermittent Drainage
Restricted Drainage; method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped at intervals while the injection continues
continuous
method of drainage in relation to injection in which both injection and drainage are allowed to flow freely throughout the operation is the ___ method.
femoral artery
Which of the following blood vessels is in the orgin of the popliteal artery?
case analysis
Those pre embalming consideratons given to the case at hand are called
tilted to the right approximatly 15 degrees
During embalming the head should be
index
The amound of HCHO formaldehyde measured in grams dissoved in 100mL of water refers to
Preservative
chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest decomposition by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissue to form less susceptible to decomposition
anticoagulants
Chemimals which retard the increase in viscosity of blood are
surfactant
The component of arterial fluid which is designed to decrease the molecular conhesion at the surface of a liquid is a
dye
A component of aterial fluids which imparts color to a solvent is a
humectants
Chemical additives that act as moisture retainers in the tissues are termed
100 ppm
There is an immediate danger to health and life if exposed to formaldehyde levels above
water conditioners
Chemical additives employed to offset the effects of water with an excessive mineral content are called
definite firming
High index fluids generally cause
coagulation
the action of ch2o formaldehyde on protein is termed
with aterial injections
Co-injections fluids are used
call the coroner/police/medical examiner
If, at the removal, you suspect foul play you should:
humectant
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: In addition to arterial fluid you should use:
umbilical
Of the 9 regions of the abdomen, the central region is called:
formaldehyde grey
Discoloration resulting when formaldehyde reacts with hemoglobin in the tissues is called:
basilic vein
Which of the following is associated with the brachial artery?
ulnar artery
A secondary injection point used to clear the hand and fingers is the:
no change in color
Finger ligation on a cadaver will cause:
Injection
Cavity embalming consists of two steps, aspiration and:
2 ppm/15 minutes
The Formaldehyde Standard for short-term exposure to formaldehyde is:
cavity Treatment
Which of the following direct treatments, other than by arterial injection of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera, usually accomplished by aspiration and injection?
discoloration
Any abnormal color appearing in or upon the human body is called:
1, 2, 3
Which of the following should be done prior to cremation? 1-Remove jewelry as directed, 2-Obtain permission and remove pacemaker, 3-Remove prosthetic devices, 4-Remove natural dentition
Inject slowly
A death was from natural causes, but the body was refrigerated for 24 hours prior to embalming. No autopsy is performed. In order to minimize abdominal distension and prevent purge, it is important to:
cadaveric Lividity
Livor mortis is synonymous with:
massage cream
Natural depressions on the face may be destroyed by excessive use of:
1 and 3
Which of the following are methods of evaluating and monitoring fluid distribution? 1-Staining dyes, 2-Abdominal distension, 3-Tissue dryness, 4-Cyanosis
anasarca
Severe generalized edema is known as:
2, 3 and 4
Arterial tube connections can be identified as which of the following types: 1-Quick connect, 2-Threaded, 3-Slip-type, 4-Luer-lok
popliteal
The LEAST likely artery to use on an unautopsied infant is the:
disaster
For which of the following is it essential that hospitals and community services have a plan for the expeditious mobilization and use of their services?
purse string
The suture normally used to close a trocar puncture would be the:
1and 2
Hemorrhagic, purulent vesicles should be drained during the embalming process and treated through surface embalming because they: 1-Interfere with restorative art, 2-Are infectious, 3-Cause atrophy in there remains, 4-Contain antigens
3-4 gallons
A 125 to 175 pound adult would require a minimum injection of:
less humectant
Severely dehydrated remains require:
suture with a baseball stitch
If the lips do not stay closed, DO NOT:
8 hrs
What is the TWA for HCHO?
Use a terminal disinfection.
The deceased had liver cancer. The body is yellow. The right femoral artery has arteriosclerosis. QUESTION: If arterial methods have not been completely successful, what can be done to preserve the trunk?
hydrothorax
Another name for pleural effusion is
edema
Which condition will lead to early decomposition?
jaundice fluids
Low index fluids used to inhibit bilirubin from turning to biliverdin are known as:
co-injection and high index fluid
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: The most appropriate arterial solution will include:
decrease drainage in the lower extremities
A thrombus in the iliac veins will:
brain
Creamy, white, and odorless purge from the nostrils is probably from the:
embalming
A process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to retard organic decomposition, and to restore to an acceptable physical appearance is:
for mouth closure
A needle injector is used:
hypertonic solutions
More water can be removed from tissues with embalming fluids that are:
Dry the cavity and return treated viscera
A 25 year old male died 36 hours prior to the funeral home receiving the body. It was discovered outside in the summer. An autopsy was performed after 2 hours of refrigeration. Death was an aneurysm. The family wants an open casket. QUESTION: Which is the appropriate cavity treatment?
arterial tube
What is used to inject embalming fluid?
Incision to sever muscles
What is NOT suggested to reduce rigor mortis?
one point injection
Injection and drainage from one location is called:
emaciation
A factor that indicates the use of a more dilute arterial solution is
the ammonia reacts with formaldehyde
In a case involving death from uremia
postmortem conditions
Rigor mortis and algor mortis are similar in that both are
16
How many ounces of 32 index fluid are needed to make 2 gallons of a 2% fluid dilution?
hypostasis
The setting of blood to dependent parts of the body is called
purse string
Which of the following sutures would best be employed for an abdominal puncture wound?
inferior third of the orbit
In posing the eyes, the eyelids should meet at the
emaciation
Hypodermic tissue building may be preformed as a postembalming treatment for
treatment for eye enucleation
cauterize socket, prostesis; ping pong ball, kapock, mortuary putty and eyecaps.
obtain written permission
What do you need to order to do order to embalm, pror to any excision, dental, removal of pacemaker or other prostheses, or other major restorative procedure
order of decompsistion
1. Carbohydrates 2. Proteins 3. Fats 4. Hard proteins 5. Bone
formaldehyde.
Index is a measure of fluid strength which
considers the percentage of
plaster of paris.
The hardening agent in hardening compounds is
Paraformaldehyde
Which of the following is a disinfectant and
preservative found in hardening compounds?
0.75 ppm.
The maximum average level of exposure to
formaldehyde over an eight hour time period is
primary dilution.
The dilution of concentrated arterial fluid as
prepared by the embalmer is called the
secondary dilution.
The dilution of arterial solutions by the fluids of
the body is called the
Addison's disease.
A bronze discoloration develops on the body as a
result of
postmortem extravascular discoloration.
The discoloration which is considered to be most
permanent is
cherry red
Carbon monoxide poisoning results in a __ discoloration.
calcium deposits
Arteriosclerosis is a condition caused by the
presence of __ in the arterial tunics.
varices.
Varicose veins is a condition otherwise known as
Embolism
Which of the following is an example of an
intravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
hypostasis.
The settling of the blood to the dependent parts of
the body is known as
causes a stain.
Hemolysis complicates the embalming process
because it
is caused by blood and lymph.
A secondary dilution as related to the embalming
operation
a time lapse between death and embalming
An extrinisic variable factor in embalming is
jugular vein.
Improper positioning of the head on the headrest
may interfere with drainage from the
moisture content of tissues. age. cause of death.
An important factor to be considered in case analysis is
hemolysis.
Postmortem staining is an extravascular change in
the color of tissues due to
postmortem stain.
A postmortem discoloration brought about by the
rupture of the red blood cells and a release of their
contents into the tissues is
discoloration.
An abnormal color appearing in or upon the
human body is
secondary dilution.
The lymph fluids of the body help to promote
arterial system.
Vascular embalming fluids are injected into the
active dyes.
Cosmetic fluids are so called because they contain
they mask the odor of formaldehyde.
Perfuming materials are used in embalming fluids
because
degree of acidity or alkalinity.
pH is a measure of the
as a preservative and drying agent in
autopsied cases.
Hardening compound is used
promotes blood clotting.
Hard water
if it ruptures, fluid injected will escape
from the vascular system.
An aneurysm may prove troublesome in
embalming because
diluted.
The arterial fluid injected into an edematous body
will be
drainage is usually a problem due to
increased blood viscosity.
In cases where death is accompanied by high fever
lung capillaries are weakened by disease
Clear embalming fluid is usually purged from the
nose and mouth during preparation of cases dead
of pulmonary tuberculosis because the
cause of death.
. One example of an intrinsic factor in case
analysis is
Axillary artery
Which of these blood vessels is the origin of the
brachial artery?
To prescribe and apply proper
embalming techniques
Which of the following is a purpose of pre- embalming analysis?
inactive.
Dyes used in arterial fluid which color the fluid
in the bottle, but impart no color to the body
tissues are
Decomposition cases
For which of the following cases would high index
fluids be recommended?
less than usual.
In cases of emaciation, secondary dilution
would be
more astringent than usual.
When preparing the primary dilution for an edematous case, the solution should be
a lesion.
Any traumatic or pathological change in the
structure of the skin is known as
Hematoma
Which of the following is an antemortem
extravascular blood discoloration?
yellow-green.
The initial color change of decomposing tissue is
formaldehyde gray.
The discoloration resulting when HCHO reacts
with hemoglobin in the tissues is called
vesicle.
A blister is also known as a
aspirate pus from the pustule. swab pocket of aspirated lesion with disinfectant and
apply surface compresses.
When treating pustular or ulcerative lesions, which
of the following should be done?
Intermittent method
Which of the following methods of injection and
drainage is recommended for use in embalming
cases which exhibit vascular disorders?
Subclavian artery
Which of these blood vessels is the origin of the
axillary artery?
generalized decomposition.
The most positive sign of death is
signs of decomposition.
Odor, purge, and skin slip are
carbohydrates.
The first body compounds to decompose are the
lining of the trachea and larynx.
In the normal case, the first organ to decompose
is the
carbon monoxide poisoning.
A condition which favors edema is
autolysis.
The self-destruction of cells is known as
retards fluid distribution.
Rigor mortis is detrimental to the embalming
process because it
postmortem caloricity.
The temporary rise in body temperature after death
is called
decay.
The decomposition of protein by the action of
aerobic bacteria is
putrefaction.
The decomposition of protein by the action of
anaerobic bacteria is
somatic death
Death beginning by failure of one of the vital organs of the body is
coagulation.
The action of formaldehyde on protein is
apparent death
A condition in which the manifestations of life are
feebly maintained is
7.4.
The normal pH of the living body is
2 inches above and 2 inches to the left of
the umbilicus
The point of entry for the trocar when aspirating
the cavities is
eyes.
The first muscle tissue to be affected by rigor
mortis is
diluted by the edema.
The arterial fluid injected into an edematous body
will be
decomposition.
The separation of body compounds into simpler
substances is called
Cold water for the dilution, Primary injection
Large volume
Which of the following should be used for
embalming a case which predisposes to
dehydration?
cadaveric lividity
Livor mortis is synonymous with
hinders the embalming operation.
The onset of postmortem changes generally
flattening of the eyeball. clouding of the cornea.
loss of luster of the conjunctiva.
Changes occurring in the eyes after death include
insulates.
Fatty tissue in a body retards algor mortis
because it
Ecchymosis
Which of the following is an antemortem
extravascular blood discoloration?
Arteriosclerosis
__ is a condition which predisposes to
intravascular difficulties.
Cements, Calvarium clamps and
Needle injector
Which of the following is a prescribed method for
securing the calvarium in place?
Frothy white color
Which of the following characterizes lung purge?
Tumors, Paralytic conditions and
Mutilations
Which of the following is classified as a
malformation or deformity?
edema of the scrotum.
Hydrocele is
roll stitch
The whip stitch is also known as the
lipolysis
The decomposition of fats occurs by
potential pressure.
With the embalming machine turned on and the
rate of flow valve closed, the type of pressure
being shown on the pressure gauge is
extrinsic factors.
Factors influencing the rate of decomposition such
as air, environmental temperature and moisture in
the atmosphere are known as
endocarditis.
Damage to the valves of the heart usually occurs in
cases with
Left common carotid
Which of the following arteries begins at the level
of the second costal cartilage?
lung.
The focal point in regards to the cavity treatment
of a case with tuberculosis is the
second degree.
Burns that have blisters that form are classified as
Anterior tibial
Which of these arteries extends from the lateral
border of the patella to the anterior surface of the
ankle?
multi-point injection.
The injection of arterial solution at more than one
location is referred to as
right atrium of the heart.
The center of blood drainage in embalming is the
Vascular disease
Which of the following conditions creates
intravascular resistance to fluid distribution?
Amino acids
Which of the following are the first products of
decomposition?
99° F.
The optimum temperature to promote
decomposition is
desquamation.
Separation of the dermis and the epidermis after
death is called
intermittent.
Continuous injection of arterial solution with
drainage taken at intervals is called
rate of flow.
The speed at which the embalming solution enters
the body is called
Vehicle
Which of the following substances serves as a
solvent for the many ingredients incorporated
in an embalming fluid?
stomach.
Directing the trocar point toward the intersection
of the fifth intercostal space and the left mid-axillary line is the trocar guide for the
osmosis.
The passing of a solvent through a semipermeable
membrane from an area of lesser concentration to
an area of greater concentration is the definition of
purge.
The post mortem evacuation of any substance from
any external orifice of the body due to internal
and/or external pressure is
ideal.
The injection pressure which just overcomes the
vascular resistance and causes the embalming fluid
to enter the arterial system at a moderate and
uniform rate is
Right common iliac
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the
following would be utilized to inject the lower
right extremity?
Massage cream
When preparing the infant case, which of the
following is recommended to be applied to the
tissues of the visible parts of the body during
embalming?
Left subclavian
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the
following would be utilized to inject the upper left
extremity?
Scaling
In an exanthematous disease, which of the
following would best describe the skin?
Right and left common carotid
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the
following blood vessels would you utilize to inject
the head of the deceased?
Petechia
Pin-point hemorrhage refers to which of the
following?
Yellow
Jaundice is best described by which of the
following?
Hematoma
A blood-filled swelling is descriptive of which of
the following?
Purple
The color of cadaveric lividity can best be
described by which of the following?
Worm
Which of the following sutures is described as a
recommended hidden stitch which could be used
on a cranial autopsy?
Green
The arterial injection of a jaundice case with normal arterial fluid will likely cause which kind of a discoloration?
Bronze
Addison's Disease generally results in which kin
of a discoloration?
Low pressure, slow rate of flow
Which of the following treatments should be used
when intravascular difficulties are manifested I
during the embalming process?
Y shaped
Which of the following best describes the proper
torso incision made when performing an autopsy
Posterior to the ear
When the pathologist makes an incision for a cranial autopsy, which of the following best describe the proper location for the incision to begin?
Left ventricle
If injecting an infant case by way of the heart,
which chamber of the heart is considered most
appropriate to insert the arterial tube for the best
results?
Preservation
The science of treating the body chemically, so as
to temporarily inhibit decomposition would most
appropriately apply to which of the following
terms?
Disinfection
The destruction or inhibition of most pathogenic
bacteria and their products in or on the body
defines which of the following terms?
Restoration
The care of the deceased to recreate natural form
and color is a definition which would most
correctly apply to which of the following?
Concurrent disinfection
That procedure of disinfection which takes place
during the embalming process would most
correctly apply to which of the following?
Terminal disinfection
That procedure of disinfection following the
embalming process to protect the environment
would most appropriately apply to which of the
following?
buffer.
An embalming chemical which affects the
stabilization of the acid-base balance within
embalming solutions and in the embalmed tissues
is a(n)
dehydration.
A drying of the body or tissues as a result of the
removal of moisture (water) is
a heart tap
A direct method of drainage accomplished by
inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the
heart is
hydrothorax.
Edema within the pleural cavity is
adipocere.
A soapy waxy by-product of saponification is
an aneurysm hook.
An embalming instrument that is used in raising
vessels and for blunt dissection is
a cadaver.
A dead human body which is used for anatomic,
and scientific study is
death.
The irreversible total cessation of metabolic
activity is known as a(n)
formalin.
A mixture of formaldehyde gas dissolved in
water is
edema.
The abnormal accumulation of fluid in the
intercellular spaces or cavities is
agonal edema.
The escape of blood serum from an intravascular
to an extravascular location is
hypo-valve trocar.
An embalming instrument used to hypodermically
inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals
is a(n)
coma.
. Death beginning at the brain is termed
hemolysis.
The swelling and bursting of the red blood cells is
algor mortis.
The post mortem loss of body heat is
arterial solution
The mixture of embalming fluid and water which
is used in arterial injections is
anatomical guide
Any surface, prominence, or structure which is
used in establishing the location of an adjacent
structure or prominence is a(n)
a bistoury.
An embalming instrument which is a one piece
scalpel used for making incisions and excisions is
Large volume of a dilute solution
Which of the following treatments would be used
for the embalming of a dehydrated body?
ascites.
An accumulation of fluid in the abdominal
cavity is
cranium.
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of
fluid in the
hydropericardium.
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the heart
sac is
Peritonitis
Which of the following conditions would
predispose a dead human body to rapid
decomposition?
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Which of these is an example of an intravascular
ante-mortem blood discoloration?
ante mortem.
A discoloration that appears on the body during
life is considered
post mortem.
A discoloration that appears on the body after
death is
a trocar.
A long hollow needle-like tube that is used to draw
out the contents of the cavities and hollow organs
of the body is
Hypochondriac
According to the nine region plan, what abdominal
region is superior and lateral to the umbilical
Lumbar
According to the nine region plan, which region of
the abdominal pelvic cavity is located just lateral
of the umbilical region?
Hypogastric
In the nine region plan, which region of the
abdominal pelvic cavity is located immediately
inferior to the umbilical region?
Clostridium perfringens
Which of the following microorganisms is
recognized as the causative agent of tissue gas?
Direct incision
What type of cavity treatment involves the making
of an incision from the xiphoid process of the
sternum to the pubic symphysis of the
pelvic girdle?
cecum/appendix.
Directing the point of the trocar toward a point
one-fourth of the distance from the right anterior
superior iliac spine to the pubic symphysis is the
trocar guide for the
The lobe of the right ear
Where should the point of the trocar be directed to
access the heart when the handle of the trocar is
aligned with the left anterior superior iliac spine?
The body of the deceased
Who is responsible for creating the secondary
dilution of the arterial solution?
a special arterial fluid.
Jaundice fluid is classified as
It acts as a preservative
What is the purpose of formaldehyde in
embalming fluids?
They act as supplementary germicides
What is the purpose of the quaternary ammonium
compounds in embalming fluids?
Precipitants
What type of anticoagulant will breakup clots by
causing the mineral particles of the blood to fall
out of suspension?
water.
The most common vehicle used in embalming
fluids is
It will impart a color change
What is the purpose of ponceau in embalming
fluids?
Methyl salicylate
Which of the following is an example of a
perfuming agent often used in embalming fluid?
Paralytic diseases
Which of the following may cause malformations
and deformities of a body?
longitudinal incision.
An incision into a vessel that is parallel to the long
axis of a blood vessel is the
Use restricted drainage
What procedure may be used to return the body of
an emaciated case to normal contour and
moisture content?
uses centrifugal force.
The motorized force pump
air pressure.
The method of creating injection pressure that
incorporates air being forced under pressure into
the fluid chamber to displace the embalming fluid
into the body is
In the sclera of the eyeball
Where is the condition of jaundice first noticed on
a dead body?
Hemoglobin decomposition
Which of the following causes a post-mortem
extravascular blood discoloration?
Baseball stitch
Which of these sutures begins by placing the point
of the needle within the incision and then up
through the skin passing from one side of the
incision to the other side with each stitch?
Mandibular suture
What method of mouth closure would be used to
secure the mouth of a body that has dentures but
also serious gum disease?
Cold
What should the relative temperature of the
primary dilution water be to embalm a severely
dehydrated case?
cavity fluid.
The type of embalming fluid used to disinfect and
preserve the viscera in the cavities of the body is
modifying agents.
Chemicals that are added to arterial fluids to
meet the varying demands of embalming difficult
cases are
Pack applications
Which of the following are liquids or gels that help
treat skin slip, gangrene and surface ulcerations?
Spring forceps
What instrument can be used to hold a cotton ball
used to disinfect the eyes?
Hemostat
What embalming instrument can be used to clamp
a leaking blood vessel?
Thrombi
Which of the following would be the most
likely to cause intravascular resistance to fluid
distribution?
thanatology.
The study of death is
Ligature test
Which of the following is an inexpert test
for death?
They prepare the vascular system to
accept arterial embalming fluids
What is the purpose of primary injection fluids?
Bone
Which of these is the last of the body compounds
to decompose?
Arterial tube
Which of these instruments is inserted into
an artery to facilitate the introduction of
arterial fluid?
embalming
The process of chemically treating a dead human
body to reduce the presence and growth of
microorganisms, retard organic decomposition and
restore an acceptable physical appearance is
Putrefaction
Which of the following types of decomposition
yields foul odors?
Masseter
Which of the following muscles is injected with a
hypodermic injection of cavity fluid to facilitate
mouth closure?
algor mortis.
The cool ing of the body to the temperature of its
surroundings is
coracobrachialis muscle.
The anatomical guide for the axillary artery is at
the medial border of the
Double intradermal stitch
Which of the following suture patterns involves
the use of two needles?
Ulnar artery
Which artery can be located along a line from the
center of the antecubital fossa to a point between
the fourth and fifth digits of the upper extremity?
Non-pregnant uterus
Which of these would be the last to decompose?
Preservatives
Which chemical substances inactivate the
saprophytic bacteria of a body and alter the tissues
of the body to render them less susceptible to
decomposition?
an active dye.
The key ingredient of an arterial fluid classified as
a cosmetic fluid is
Restricted cervical injection
What is the name given to the embalming process
in which the injection of one common carotid
artery is accomplished while the other common
carotid artery is occluded?
dorsalis pedis artery
The artery which is a continuation of the anterior
tibial artery is the
Preservative powders
Which of the following accessory chemicals is
designed to preserve tissue either by direct contact
or through gaseous vapors?
Brachial artery
Which of these blood vessels is located posterior
to the medial border of the belly of the biceps
brachii muscle?
Alcoholism
Which of these conditions is associated with
edema?
Supraclavicular incision
Which of these incisions is located along the supe-
rior border of the medial one-third of the clavicle?
Red
What color is imparted to the body by radium
treatments?
The decomposition of fats
What is lipolysis?
Triangular wedge
Which of these is the prescribed incision for a
sclerotic blood vessel?
Distention of the superficial vessels
Which of the following is a reliable sign of
fluid distribution?
Algor mortis
Which of these is an example of a pre-embalming
chemical change in a body?
Compressed air
Which of these is an example of an air pressure
apparatus used to embalm a body?
In the pelvic cavity
Where are the iliac arteries and veins located?
Benzaldehyde
Which of these is an example of a perfuming
agent?
force pump.
The most common method used for arterially
injecting a body today is the
rigor mortis.
The post mortem stiffening of the body muscles is
Purse string
What suture is used to close a trocar puncture?
Paraformaldehyde
Which of these is the most commonly used
disinfectant and preservative chemical agent in
hardening compounds?
Plaster of Paris
Which of these is a commonly used moisture
absorbing substance in hardening compound?
Gall Bladder
Which of these organs will yield bile when
aspirated by a trocar?
Moribund
Which of these terms designates a person who is in
the act of dying?
Agonal state
A moribund person is said to be in what state?
Coma
What is the mode of somatic death which begins in
the brain?
Putrefaction
What is the decomposition of proteins by the
enzymes of anaerobic bacteria?
Carbohydrates
What substance undergoes the fermentation
process?
Proteins
What substance undergoes the process of decay
by aerobic bacterial enzymes?
Saccharolysis
What is the decomposition of sugar called?
It can be used as a topical bleach and
disinfectant of the body
What is hydrogen peroxide used for in the
preparation of a dead body?
Masseter
What muscle is injected with arterial fluid to
facilitate the closure of the mouth?
Internal jugular vein
Which vein is considered to be the companion to
the common carotid artery?
Radial
Which artery should be raised and injected to
facilitate the embalming of the body between the
antecubital fossa and the wrist?
Femoral artery
Which bood vessel is the continuation of the external iliac atery?
Axillary artery
Which blood vessel continues as the
brachial artery?
It lies medial and deep
What is the relationship of the femoral vein to the
femoral artery?
Psoas major
What muscle acts as the anatomical guide for the
external iliac artery?
Preservatives
What type of chemical agents are capable of
inactivating saprophytic bacteria, rendering
unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which
such bacteria thrive and arresting the
decomposition process?
Preservatives
Which chemical agents render microorganisms
incapable of growth and reproduction?
Anticoagulants
Which chemical agents retard the tendency of
blood to become more viscous?
Hypertonic solution
What type of solution has the power to attract a
solvent through a semi-permeable membrane
into itself?
Hypotonic solution
What type of solution will have its solvent drawn
through a semi-permeable membrane into a more
concentrated solution?
Isotonic solutions
What type of solutions can be placed on opposite
sides of a semi-permeable membrane without
either solution attracting solvent from the other
solution across the membrane?
False purge
What is the name given to a type of purge which
has a color and odor consistent with that of
arterial fluid solution?
Cranial autopsy
What type of autopsy involves the post mortem
examination of the brain only?
Abdominal
What type of autopsy consists of the examination
of the gastrointestinal tract below the diaphragm?
Complete
What type of autopsy consists of the examination
of the contents of the cranial and ventral cavities?
Post mortem intravascular blood
discoloration
Which of these is the most accurate classification
of livor mortis?
Ante mortem extravascular blood
discoloration
Which of these is the most accurate classification
of petechia?
They all are capable of bleaching
the tissue
What is the common action of phenol, form
alin and sodium hypochlorite on the tissues
of the body?
They impart a color to the tissue
What is the purpose of adding eosin and
erythrosine to arterial fluid?
Semi-hardening arterial fluids
Which of the following embalming fluids produces
maximum disinfection and preservation without
causing objectionable changes in the
skin texture?
Worm stitch
Which of the following suture patterns is used
to turn under the excess margins of skin in an
incision?
Superior vena cava
Which of the following blood vessels is NOT
suitable for the injection of arterial fluids into a
small infant?
The disinfection of the body
Which of these is considered to be the most
important aspect of the embalming operation?
Putrefaction of the body tissues
Which of these conditions contributes to skin-slip?
Edematous cases
In which of the following cases will decomposition
develop most rapidly?
Hydroaspirator
Which of these devices found in the preparation
room uses water pressure to create a vacuum?
Dehydration of the superficial tissue
What is the effect of a fan blowing a current of air
over a dead human body?
Scalpel
Which of these embalming instruments is used to
make an incision?
edematous case
The elevation of the extremities will aid the embalmer when embalming an
It can act as a preservative/disinfectant
What is the purpose of phenol in embalming
fluids?
It can act as a perfuming agent
What is the purpose of adding Oil of Wintergreen
to an embalming fluid?
The slow injection of a mild solution
Which of the following actions would help normalize the moisture content of an emaciated body?
Paraformaldehyde
Which of these is the solid state of formaldehyde?
It has a limited pressure range
Which of these is a disadvantage of using the
gravity percolator for embalming?
Intradermal stitch
Which of these suture patterns is best suited for
exposed skin?
Rigor mortis
Which of these conditions may affect the pressure
at which arterial fluid must be injected to over-
come the initial resistance?
Sectional embalming
If a body part has been mutilated, which of the fol-
lowing embalming procedures is recommended?
Immediately after arterial injection is
completed
If you are embalming a body which has an
infectious disease when should the cavity
treatment procedure begin?
Tumors
Which of these provides extravascular resistance to
fluid distribution?
Discoloration can be lessened by adding a
bleaching agent to the arterial fluid
How can an extravascular discoloration be dealt
with during the embalming process?
Stomach
What body organ will produce hydrochloric acid?
It is the primary injection solution
Which of these is the more accurate description of
the pre-injection solution?
6 months
Osha requires that if the levels are above the action level which is TWA 0.5 then monitoring must be repeated every
tunica media and tunica interna
As an embalmer is getting ready to embalm a body, he can't get the arterial tube into the artery that he raised cause it is too small. He decides to force it in and damages the artery . What inner parts of the artery did he damage?
internal jugular and common carodid
What artery and vein do you normally use when embalming an unautopsied body?
external iliac artery
Which artery do you use to embalm an autopsied body?
Electrocardiogram/ECG (EKG)
Record of the electrical activity of the heart.
Electroencephalogram/EEG
A record of the electrical activity of the brain.
common carotid
You are about ready to embalm a body. As you are doing the case analysis you notice that the body has a compound fracture where the femur is broken through the skin. Which artery do you raise to embalm?
Common carotids
As the body is on the embalming table and your getting ready to embalm the body, you notice that the deceased has had a cranial autopsy, Which arteries do you use to embalm?
cauterization with phenol, cavity packs, or embalming gel packs.
A practitioner analyzes remains where tissue has been harvested from the anterior portions of both thighs. The best treatment would be which of the following?
Universal Precautions
are safety procedures to be followed in the handling of human remains, blood, and body fluids. These procedures are based on the required assumption that all human remains may be infected with HIV or HBV virus or other bloodborne pathogens.
Clinical Death
A phase of somatic Death lasting from 5-6 mimutes during which life may be restored.
Bloodborne Pathogen Rule
OSHA REGULATION (29CFR 1910-1030) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids. OSHA DEFINITIONS: Blood. Human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood
Bloodborne Pathogens
pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans; these pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Right Atrium
Center of drainage
Superior Vena Cava
Receives blood from head and upper extremities, goes into right atrium
Inferior Vena Cava
Receives blood from visceral organs, trunk, and legs, goes into right atrium
Branches of the Arch of Aorta
Brachiocephalic Artery, Left Common Carotid Artery, and Left Subclavian Artery
Tricuspid valve
The valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
Bicuspid or mitral valve
The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
Coronary arteries
Only branches of the ascending aorta
Pulmonary arteries
Bring blood from right ventricle to lungs
Pulmonary veins
Bring blood from lungs to left atrium
Right atrium
Receives deoxygenated blood
Left atrium
Receives oxygenated blood
Arch of the aorta
Center for distribution
12 months
Osha requires that if the levels are above the action level the STEL, then monitoring must be repeated every
Could be considered mutilation
Getting premission to preform embalming or restorative art procedure. Where does this rule some from to ask?
Ascites
Edema in the abdominal cavity
Hydrothorax
Edema in the pleural cavity
Hydrocephalus
Edema of the brain
Hydrocele
Edema of the scrotum
Dialysis
The separation of differing substances in solution because of their diffusibility of through a semipermeable membane.