38 terms

Civil War study guide

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Abolitionist
Reforms to who wanted to abolish or end slavery
Fedrick Douglass
An African-American social reformer escape slavery and became a leader of the abolitionist movement getting note for speeches and anti-slavery writing
The underground railroad
A route to help slaves as many as 50,000 to escape to the north or Canada
Sojourner Truth
African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist
The Wilmot Proviso
Propose that Congress ban slavery in all the territory that might become part of the US as a result of the Mexican American war supporters of slavery saw it as an attack on slavery by the north
Popular sovereignty
Meant that people in the territory or state would vote directly on issues rather than having their elected representatives decide
Secede/ secession
To withdraw
Compromise of 1850
A compromise designed to end crisis over clays proposal by giving both sides what they wanted the north got California as a free state and banned slavery and nations capitol. The south got popular sovereignty to determine The issue of slavery in the rest of the Mexican cession. Southerners got a tough new fugitive slave law
The fugitive slave act
Allowed special government officials to rest any person accused of being a runaway slave
Uncle Tom's cabin
A novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about uncle Tom an abused and enslaved man this brought awareness to those unconcerned about slavery
Kansas Nebraska act
Propose that slavery in the new territories Kansas Nebraska you decided by popular sovereignty, THIS UNDID THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE. This is mostly supported by southerners because they hope Kansas would enter as a slave state
Bleeding Kansas
The Kansas Nebraska act left it to the whites citizens to decide if Kansas was a free or slave state pro and anti-slavery settlers flooded into Kansas to battle over control of Kansas and Kansas suffered widespread violence
The Dred Scott decision
US Supreme Court decision which court held that African-Americans whether slave or free could never be American citizens, this made the Missouri compromise unconstitutional
John Brown's raid
And unnecessary attempt by the white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt
Election of 1860
And election between Abraham Lincoln and John C Breckenridge, in the end Abraham Lincoln won and this brought upon the question if Southerners would accept the outcome
Southern secession
Reaction to the election of 1860 South Carolina was the first southern state to do so, 7 southern States left the union and became confederate states
The Confederate states of America
THe seven states that were seceded from the union
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate states of America
Attack on fort Sumter
This was the first battle of the Civil War in a marked the beginning of the Civil War also. In command of the confederate forces Beauregard open fire on the union garrison holding fort summer Robert Anderson surrendered.
Slave states that did not secede
Delaware Kentucky Missouri and Maryland
The north
USA, the union
The south
Confederate states of America, the confederacy
Blockade
A military action to prevent traffic from coming in an area or leaving it. Lincoln hope to cut off the supply of the south
Union anaconda plan
Emphasized the southern blockade, strategy for suppressing the confederacy at the beginning of the Civil War
Confederacy King cotton plan
This strategy used before the Civil War wanted to prove there was no need to fear war with northern states
Which plan was more effective the anaconda plan or the King cotton plan?
The anaconda plan
North Carolina - seceded the union
Out raged that Lincoln use the army against the Confederate states of America
Battle of monitor and Merrimack
First MAJOR battle of the Civil War, not fort Sumter
Ironclads
Warships covered with protective iron plates
looks like a metal roof
Emancipate
To free
Emancipation Proclamation
Declared that all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are in the henceforward shall be free it applied only to states that had seceded from the union
Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation
Change the Civil War into a struggle for freedom
Draft
A system of required military service
Infiltration
The general rise in prices. in the north the prices of goods increase in average 80% during the war
Role of women in the Civil War
400 disguise themselves as men to join the army became spies behind enemy lines took over places the men worked
The Gettysburg address
President Abraham Lincoln's remarks at the official declaration ceremony for the national cemetery of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania on the site of which one of the bloodiest most diseases battles of the civil war
Grant versus Lee
Name commonly given to the savanna campaign conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864 by Major General William Tecumseh Sherman of the union army. his forces destroyed military targets as well as industry infrastructure and civilian property and destructed the south economy and transportation networks
Appomattox courthouse
The place where Lee surrenders troops to grant in front of the Wilmer McLean's home in Appomattox, Virginia which ended the cilvil war!