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AESC2050 test 1
Terms in this set (61)
what is considered the first indication of a conscious cultural act? (2 mil years ago)
What is the dividing line between prehistory and history?
What caused the separation of prehistory and history? (invention)
What portion of americans income is spent on food?
is the unique combinations of customs, beliefs and practices that are transmitted from one generation to another and distinguishes societies from one another.
What is the #1 grain?
separates humans into categories based on external characteristics
what is the current US population?
Today one farmer produces food for ______+ people
What percentage of people in the US have a valid passport?
Video: Farmers - From subsistence to surplus
What word does he avoid using?
type of farming
- much larger plots of land: very little surplus
- high energy requirements
- simple farming methods
type of farming
- small amount of land
- high yield
- relies on more advanced farming methods
how many products use a part of pig?
sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group.
- involves behavioral, physiological, and genetic changes
When does the domestication of chicken date back to? (domesticated for fighting) (SE asia)
10,000 years ago
When did the agricultural revolution happen?
Did the emergence of agriculture occur everywhere?
land ownership, surplus food, labor specialization
The emergence of agriculture allowed for 3 things never before seen in the development of human culture:
technology, government, disease
What were the 3 advantages that Europeans had?
Which group adapted to extreme changes in caloric needs and ability to store fat?
When was UGA chartered as the 1st land grant university in the US (land donated by federal government)
morrill act of 1962
- major boost in higher education in america
- made by Justin Smith Morrill
- establish institutions is each state that would educate people in agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that were practical at the time
The _______________ defines family farms as those managed and operated by a family, with the family providing most of the farm's labor.
-estimates that there are 500 million family farms around the world, representing up to 80% of all farms in many countries
________ defines family farms as those whose principal operator and people related to the principal operator by blood or marriage own most of the farm business
The ____________ defines a farm as any establishment which produced and sold, or normally would have produced and sold, $1,000 or more of agricultural products during the year.
Only _____% of the US population farms or ranches
there are ___ mil farms in the US
- size of farm directly correlates to sales
Form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer's family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade.
agriculture is a method of agriculture where farmers get more food per acre compared to other subsistence farming methods. This allows farmers to make the most of each harvest
agriculture refers to an agricultural technique where a vast expanse of land is cultivated to yield minimal output of crops and animals for the primary consumption of the grower's family. The produce that is grown using this farming method is not sold in the market for monetary value
India loses an estimated _____% of its fruit and vegetables to rot because of a lack of refrigerated trucking, poor roads, inclement weather and corruption
animal welfare act
- first federal law that covers research animals
- it does not cover rats, mice, and birds.
Animal use protocols (AUP)
- is the electronic Animal Use Proposal Submission and Review web application used by the IACUC on the UGA campus.It provides real-time access to information regarding review status, approval status and expiration dates.
- 16 Sections in AUPs
- AUP's must be approved to do any animal research
_______ is the first step in domestication
- they are not synonymous!
- babies can digest milk because of this
- but as an adult the gene turns "off" so we are no longer able to digest it
- only 33% of the global population can digest this, and it is mostly north americans and central europeans
(1840s) 40 % of the population in Ireland relied solely on the nutrition from this.
- relatively easier to plant and grow
- could feed a lot of people
- not much work to make it edible
irish potato famine
(1845-1852) potato crop hit by disease
- 1 million people died
- 1 million emigrated out
- population never really recovered
-development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Myth 1: Nobody knows what sustainability really means
Myth 2: sustainability is all about the environment
Myth 3: Sustainable is a synonym for "green"
Myth 4: its all about recycling
Myth 5: Sustainability is ultimately a population problem
- ENERGY and TRANSPORT are the focus
- 15% population undernourished
- 15% population malnourished
- 15% population is overweight/obese
The number of miles a product has to be transported from the farmer/grower to various stages of production until it reaches the supermarket and finally the plate of the consumer
- mostly SHIPPED
a person who is not receiving enough calorie intake on a daily basis
a person who is not getting micronutrients they need to stay healthy
What percentage of our food produced is wasted?
economic, social, environmental
What are the 3 pillars of sustainability? (planet, people, profit)
Agriculture only concerns the production of food. T or F?
The human population of the earth recently passed the _____________ mark.
Which continent has a high population density, but low cereal grain production?
2 mil, tool making
About ______ years ago, Humans began to ______ which scientist believe was the 1st conscious cultural act
One of the key factors of early hominids success was?
Who defines "family farms" as those managed and operated by a family, with the family providing MOST of the farm labor?
In 1800 approximately ______% of total U.S. jobs were on the farm, today it is _______%
The form of farming where a farmer and his family work a vast expanse of land at relatively low production and the resulting produce is not sold for monetary value is known as
The majority of INCREASE in acreage/hectares devoted to FARMING has been seen in COMMERCIAL agriculture across the globe. T or F?
The major unique aspect of the poultry industry in India today is:?
A) it a still a 90% live market (people buy live birds)
B)it is totally mechanized
C)it is dominated by turkeys
D) it features mostly further (advanced) processed food products
ammunition, heart valve
In the video: "How pigs parts make the world turn", Christien Meindersma say the STRANGEST product she found that included pig was _____________ , and the most BEAUTIFUL was _____________ .
In 1979, Robert R. Oltjen, invoked a passage from the ________ to argue that scientists should be free to monitor their own animal research without oversight.
The term "Speciesism" is associated with the concept of:
A)human superiority over animals
B)equality among all species
C)limiting the species used in agriculture
d)limiting the species used in research
Which of the following is NOT typically a desired trait in domesticated farm animals?
A) Accepting of humans as dominate
B)Grows fast/matures quickly
C)High energy, very active
D)Readily breed in captivity
Which of the following has NOT changed in Dogs as they were domesticated from Wolves?
A) Ability to interbreed
Lawton Pearson grows what 2 crops on his family farm?
is the idea that being human is a good enough reason for human animals to have greater moral rights than non-human animals. ...a prejudice or bias in favor of the interests of members of one's own species and against those of members of other species
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