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abnormal growing together of two sufaces that normally are separated

anorexia nervosa

psychoneurotic disorder characterized by a prolanged refusal to eat

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder involving gorging with food followed by induced vomiting


chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells

crohn disease

chronic inflammation usually affecting the ileum, although it can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract.

duodenal ulcer

ulcer in the duodenum

gastric ulcer

ulcer in the stomach

gastroesophageal reflux disease

the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus


obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis


telescoping of a segment of the intestine

irritable bowel syndrome

periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea and constipation usually associated with abdominal pain


excess of body fat

peptic ulcer

another name for gastric or duodenal ulcer


tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane.

ulcerative colitis

inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers


twisting or kinking of the intestine causing intestinal obstruction

abdominoperineal resection

removal of the colon and rectum through both abdominal and perineal approaches. Performed to treat colorectal cancer


surgical connection between two normally distinct structures


cutting of certain branches of the vagus nerveperformed with gastric surgery

barium enema

series of x-rays images taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered

upper GI series

series of x-ray imaged taken of the stomach and duodenum

endoscopic ultrasound

a procedure using an endoscope fitted with an ultrasound probe that provides images fo layers of the intestinal wall.

helicobacter pylori antibodies test

a blood test to determine the presence of H. pylori bacteria

fecal occult blood test

a test to detect occult blood in feces. It is used to screen for colon cancer or polyps


abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity


frequent discharge of liquid stool


disorder that involves inflammaton of the intestine associated with diarrhea and abdominal pain


waste from the digestive tract expelled through the rectum


gas in the digestive tract or expelld through the anus

gastric lavage

washing out of the stomach


process of feeding a person through a nasogastric tube


vomiting of blood


black tarry stool the contains digested blood


urge to vomit


involutary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract


abnormal backward flow.


matter expelled from the stomach through the mouth

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

radiographic (x-ray) examination of the bile and pancreatic ducts with contrast medium

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