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38 terms

chp 11 digestive system

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adhesion
abnormal growing together of two sufaces that normally are separated
anorexia nervosa
psychoneurotic disorder characterized by a prolanged refusal to eat
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder involving gorging with food followed by induced vomiting
cirrhosis
chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells
crohn disease
chronic inflammation usually affecting the ileum, although it can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract.
duodenal ulcer
ulcer in the duodenum
gastric ulcer
ulcer in the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease
the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus
ileus
obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
intussusception
telescoping of a segment of the intestine
irritable bowel syndrome
periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea and constipation usually associated with abdominal pain
obesity
excess of body fat
peptic ulcer
another name for gastric or duodenal ulcer
polyp
tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane.
ulcerative colitis
inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers
volvulus
twisting or kinking of the intestine causing intestinal obstruction
abdominoperineal resection
removal of the colon and rectum through both abdominal and perineal approaches. Performed to treat colorectal cancer
anastomosis
surgical connection between two normally distinct structures
vagotomy
cutting of certain branches of the vagus nerveperformed with gastric surgery
barium enema
series of x-rays images taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered
upper GI series
series of x-ray imaged taken of the stomach and duodenum
endoscopic ultrasound
a procedure using an endoscope fitted with an ultrasound probe that provides images fo layers of the intestinal wall.
helicobacter pylori antibodies test
a blood test to determine the presence of H. pylori bacteria
fecal occult blood test
a test to detect occult blood in feces. It is used to screen for colon cancer or polyps
ascites
abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
diarrhea
frequent discharge of liquid stool
dysentery
disorder that involves inflammaton of the intestine associated with diarrhea and abdominal pain
feces
waste from the digestive tract expelled through the rectum
flatus
gas in the digestive tract or expelld through the anus
gastric lavage
washing out of the stomach
gavage
process of feeding a person through a nasogastric tube
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
melena
black tarry stool the contains digested blood
nausea
urge to vomit
peristalsis
involutary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract
reflux
abnormal backward flow.
vomit
matter expelled from the stomach through the mouth
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
radiographic (x-ray) examination of the bile and pancreatic ducts with contrast medium