17 terms

Punnet square

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Alleles
Different versions of a gene
Complete dominance
Pattern where the dominant trait hides the recessive
Dominant
Alleles that hides the recessive allele
P
The parents in a cross that produce offspring
F1
The first generation of offspring that parents produce
F2
The offspring of the F1 generation
Genetics
The study of the passing traits from parent to offspring
Genotype
The genes in an allele pair
Hereditary
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Heterozygous
Having two different alleles in a gene pair (one dominant, one recessive)
Homozygous
Having identical alleles in a gene pair
Phenotype
The physical appearance of a trait
Probability
Likelihood that a particular event will occur
Punnett square
Diagram that shows the possible combinations of genes
Recessive
The allele that is hidden by the dominant allele
Test cross
Cross used to determine the genotype of an organism
Independent assortment
Alleles in one gene pair separate independently of one another
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