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248 terms

Restorative Art

STUDY
PLAY
restorative art
The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is the definition of
physiognomy
The study of the face and its features is called
prognathism
Protrusion of the jaws is called
Oval
The most common frontal view head shape is
nasal cavity
The vomer is located in the
mandibular fossa
Directly anterior to the ear passage lies the
parietal eminences
The widest part of the cranium lies between the
Zygomatic arches
The bony structures that create the widest part of the face are the
widest part of the face
The zygomatic arches can be used to locate the
One-half
Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the line of closure of the mouth to the base of the chin.
One-third
Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose.
eyebrow
The superior border of the ear lies on the same transverse plane as the
One-third
When compared to the length of the face, the length of the ear is
eyebrow
The length of the ear is equal to the distance from the normal hairline to the
seven and one-half inches
If the measurement of one eye is 1 1/2 inches wide, the face at its widest part will measure
two and one-half times
what is the greatest width of the face when compared to the width of the mouth?
One-half
What is the distance between the eyes when compared to the width of the mouth?
the distance between the eyes
The width of the eye is equal to
the width of the base of the nose
The width of the eye is equal to
two and one-half inches
If one eye measures one and one-fourth inches in width, the mouth will be
one and three-fourths inches
If the width of the left eye measures one and three fourths inches, the distance between the eyes will be
eyebrow
The distance from the base of the nose to the base of the chin is equal to the distance from the base of the nose to the
hairline to the eyebrow
The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to the distance from the
the length of the ear
The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to
two-thirds
What is the location of the line of closure of the mouth when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose?
one-third
Where do the lips meet when measured from the base of the nose to the base of the chin?
one-half distance from the base of the nose to the superior border of the chin.
The lips meet each other
two-thirds the distance from the base of the chin to the base of the nose.
The lips meet
mouth
The feature of the face that is two eyes wide is the
twice the distance between the eyes
The width of the mouth is equal to
mental eminence
The small bony eminence at the median line of the chin is known as the
frontal bone
The supraorbital margin is created by the
zygomatic bones
The prominence of the cheeks is affected by the
mandible
The incisive fossa is a depression associated with the
cranium
The parietal eminences mark the widest part of the
occipital bone
The foramen magun is an opening in the
mandible
The largest singular bone of the face is the
temporal bone
The mastoid process is a bony landmark of the
glabella
The eminence located between the eyebrows is the
ramus
The vertical portion of the mandible is the
6 to 7 heads tall
The average adult human body is
mastoid process
The anterior "non-articulating process" on the ramus of the mandible is the
concave
A profile form in which both the forhead and chin protrude beyond the projection of the upper lip is
convex
The most common facial profile is
convex
A profile form noted for a slight recession in both the forhead and the chin is
concave
The lest common facial profile
concave-convex
A receding chin and protruding forhead chacterize a facial profile as
balanced
A facial profile in which the forhead, upper lip, and chin project equally to an imaginary line is
concave-vertical
A vertical forhead and a chin that protrudes more than the upper lip charaterize a facial profile as
balanced-convex
A vertical forhead and a chin that recedes from the projecton of the upper lip charaterize a facial profile as
Abutt (do not overlap)
The eyelids, in natural repose:
Cement
Large amounts of non-marginal hair can be attached by using:
Hypo tissue builder
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: The preferred treatment for sunken eyes before embalming is:
Optic facial sulci
Furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye are called:
Line of closure
Restored eyelashes should have no hair extended from the extreme ends of the:
Hypo inject supplemental chemicals after embalming
There is a severe hematoma on the back of the hand. Which of the following is the best treatment?
Long hair rolled between the fingers and coated with soap or wax
To restore a waxed end mustache, use:
Redness
A characteristic of first degree burns is:
Apply a cavity pack
While washing the body prior to embalming, you notice skin slip on the forearms. After arterial injection you should:
Furrow
A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations is known as a:
Superior
Which one of the following is NOT a type of prognathism?
Zygomatic
Which one of the following is a bone of the face?
2 and 3
Which are major restorations? 1-Reduction of swelling, 2-Deep wound repair, 3-Repair of fractures, 4-Minimal hair replacement
Lightness or darkness
In color theory, VALUE refers to:
Helix
The outer rim of the ear is called the:
Embedding
When restoring hair, what is used for stray or straggler hairs?
1and 2
Which of the these are classic facial proportions? 1-Mouth is 2 eyes wide, 2-Ear length equals distance from base of nose to base of chin, 3-Base of nose to line of lip closure equals base of chin to line of lip closure, 4-Face is 4 eyes wide
OVAL
The cheek bones are wider then the cranium, and the cranium is slightly wider then the lower jaw. The entire face appears to be composed of soft, rounded curves. It is the MOST COMMON HEAD SHAPE.
Basketweave
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Close the facial lacerations with which suture?
oval
Which one of the following is one of the geometric head farms (frontal view)?
Temporal
The zygomatic process is a feature of which of the following bones?
Anterior nares
If the nasal bones are damaged, the distorted nose may be restored by plugging with cotton through the:
Less protruding on the arc than the lower lip
The deceased has a concave facial profile. The missing upper lip should be affixed:
round
Short, with full cheeks and a rounded fuller jawline, and a rounded cranium.
Laceration
Which of the following conditions requiring restorative art is classified as traumatic?
Tinted
The hue sequence pink, rose, cherry is indicative of red that has been:
square
Appears to be short and compsed of stright lines. The forehead, jawline,and cheeks are approximatley the same width. The hairline is often stright.
Hypo inject unpreserved areas
The deceased has third degree burns over the legs. After arterial injection, you should:
Obtain written permission from the next of kin
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Before doing any major restoration, you should:
Three gently dipping curves
When closing the mouth, the line of lip closure resembles a classic hunting bow because it:
Bilateral
The comparison of the two sides of the face to observe the similarities and differences is referred to as:
Remove packing, cauterize, insert prosthesis, cauterize
What is the preferred order to treat an eye enucleation?
triangle
Appears significantly wider at the jawline then the cheekbone and forehead. The forehead is the narrowest feature. Eyes are closerest. This is the lest common head shape.
Wound filler (firm)
A body being prepared has an open wound in the cheek which is approx. 1 1/2 inches in diameter and has no visible tissue in the hole. QUESTION: What consistency wax should be used during the initial application?
Seal and surface with wax
To restore small lacerations on the forehead:
Melanin
The determinative pigment of all races is:
Face and features
Physiognomy is the study of:
Integumentary lips
Tissue building with the needle inserted within the line of lip closure is a point of injection for the:
1 and 2
Which of these lightens complexion coloring? 1-White, 2-Yellow, 3-Red, 4-Brown
Surgical reduction
After embalming, the eyes appear distended. Acceptable treatment includes application of heat and:
lemon juice and Sodium hypochlorite
Which of the following stain removers would remove nicotine stains?
Cheeks
The nostril, corner of the mouth, and behind the earlobe may be used as hidden points of entry to hypodermically treat sunken:
upward and outword
The direction of eyebrow hair growth is laterally
eye
The width of the nose at its base is equal to the width of the
red, green, and blue
Primary colors of light
roy.g.biv
Standard of Color (Spectrum)
red, yellow, brown
Colors for all humans is
greek (leptorrhine) nose
A classifcation given to a nose that is long, narrow, and high bridged; common to individuals of western european decent
roman
Curved as a beak on an eagle, a nose that has a hook as seen from a profile; may exhibit a hump in the bridge.
infantine
Characterized by a dip in the bridge and turned up at the end.
head
The widest part of the __ is measured by the distance between the two parital eminences.
noses
The face is three ___ long.
nose
The length of the ____ is equal to the length of the ear.
nose
The width of the ___ at the wings is equal to the width of an eye.
eyes
The face is five ___ wide from zygomatic arch to zygomatic arch.
eyes
The distance between the ___ is equal to the width of one eye.
eyes
The mouth is two __ wide.
ear
The superior border of the ___ is on the same horizontal plane as the eyebrows
ear
The inforior border of the __ is on the same horizontal plane as the base of the nose.
ears
The face is three ___ long.
natural
angulus oris eminence
natural
angulus oris sulcus
acquired
bucco-facial sulcus
acquired
cords of the neck
natural
dimples
acquired
inferior palpebral sulcus
acquired
intercilliary sulci
acquired
labial sulci
natural
labiomental sulcus
acquired
mandibular sulcus
natural
nasal sulcus
natural
nasolabial fold
acquired
nasolabial sulcus
natural
oblique palpebral sulcus
acquired
optic facial sulci
natural
philtrum
natural
submental sulcus
acquired
platysmal sulci
acquired
platysmal sulci
acquired
superior palpebral sulcus
acquired
transverse frontal sulci
an elongated prominence adjoining surface
fold/eminence
a crevice in the skin accoumpanied by adjacent elevation (wrinkles)
furrow/sulcus
an elongated depressionin a relatively level plane (surface
groove/sulcus
inverted triangle
Charaterized by a jawline that is narrower then the cheekbone or forehead. The forehead is the widest freatrure of the face. Eyes are wide set.
diamond
Charaterized by wide cheekbones and narrow forehead and jawline. The greatest width is across the cheekbone.
oblong
Long and narrow. The forehead and chin may be rounded or square. The nose is usually long.
conveX profile
The forhead recedes posteriorly from the eyebrows, while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip. (most common profile)
concave profile
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows, and the chin protrudes beyond the infantine retrouse plane of the upper lip.(lest common profile?
vertical balanced
The chin, forehead, and upper lip all project to an imaginary line. Not any one feature protrudes or recedes more then the other.
conveX- concave
The forehead recedes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes beyond the plan of the upper lip.
concave- conveX
the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows and the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip.
vertical-concave
the forhead and eyebrows project an imaginary line, and the chin protrudes more then the superior mucous membrane.
vertical-conveX
the forehead and eyebrows project equally to an imaginary line, and the chin recedes less then the superior mucous membrane.
concave-vertical
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows,while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line.
conveX- vertical
the forehead recedes from the eyebrows, while the chin and the upper lip project an equally to an imaginary vertical line.
treatment for abrasions
cover around the abrased area with message cream, then the area should be dried with using a cauterizing agent, then dried with cotton and sealed with a sealer.
treatment for lacerations
use temporary sutures, dry wound with a cauterent pack, apply message cream outside of wound, after embalming dry wound with cotton after which sealer is brused over all tissue below the surface. After sealer dries the wound can be packed with cotton and incision sealing powder or mortuary mastic
draw stitch
suture that is made the same as the single intradermal suture except that the stitich penetrates through the skin.
worm stitch
The pattern of this suture is the same as the single intradurmal suture except that the stitches are made parrel to the lips of the incision.
baseball stitch
Stich that is made from beneath up through the skin, and the needle is crossed from side to side with each stitch like a basball.
lock stitch
Stitch that is used by passing the ligature through both sides of the incision from the outside with the stitch being locked by looping the ligatre.
double intradurmal suture
Subcutaneous stitch which requires using a suturing needle on each end of the ligature with the suturing needles being crossed from side to side on each stitch.
triangular
The least common geometric form of head shape
from the frontal aspect is
Primary hues
Three hues that can be combined to make all other hues. All colors originate from these three hues. The Primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.
Diamond
Which head shape exhibits great width across the
cheekbones and narrow width in the forehead and
jaws?
Bilateral
Which of the following is a comparison of the two
sides of the face to observe similarities and differences of form?
Submandibular area
Which surfaces do not exhibit similarity in their
bilateral curvatures?
apply heat from the electric spatula.
To reduce swollen eyes
aspiration of the cranium.
A protruding eye may require
pressure of gas build-up in the cranial
cavity.
Protruding eyes are generally an indication of
excise and rebuild with wax
. In cases of severe eyelid lacerations, it may be
necessary to
Surface lesions
Which of the following conditions requiring
restoration would most likely be a direct result of
disease?
injecting stronger arterial solutions.
Edematous areas can sometimes be treated by
covers the darkened abrasion.
Cosmetizing an abrasion before waxing
dehydrate and bleach tissues.
A cavity pack will
wax will not easily adhere to moist surfaces.
Tissue to be restored with wax must be firm and dry because
an abrasion.
Removal of the skin caused by friction against a
firm object or surface results in
to close small clean incisions
Instant bond adhesives are best used
to inhibit dehydration.
A primary reason for applying massage cream to
an exposed area is
blotching.
Arterial dyes can result in
Swelling and discoloration
What problems are commonly associated with
ecchymosis around the eye?
Strong fluid, low pressure
Which procedure generally gives best results during embalming when a black eye is present?
lancing, aspiration, or surgical excision.
Reduction of swellings may be accomplished by
intense inflammation and blisters.
The primary characteristic of a second degree
burn is
charring.
The primary characteristic of a third degree burn is
third degree.
Burns incurred after death are classified as
corrective cosmetic treatment.
First degree burns require
darkness of the discoloration.
The need for a cosmetic undercoat in bum cases
depends on
be performed after embalming.
In the case of swollen lips and eyes resulting from
burns, surgical reduction would
excised
Unsound tissue in the area of a malignant tumor
should be
after embalming.
A cancerous area should be excised in most
instances
be dried and sealed.
When excising malignant tissue, the area should
forcing into or wiring to the vertebral
column.
When a wood or metal dowel is used to join a
decapitated head to a torso, the dowel is usually
attached to the torso by
foramen magnum.
527. With the lower end of a dowel attached to the torso in a decapitation case, the upper end is inserted into the
remove loose skin
To treat areas of skin slip
cosmetized.
Following the removal of loose skin and hypodermic injection, an area of skin slip should be
compound fracture
.A fracture of the bone that results in the bone
protruding through the skin is a
simple fracture.
A fracture with no break in the skin is a
obliquely upward and outward.
The direction of hair growth of the eyebrow is
overfilling similar parts of the face
A danger in hypodermic tissue building is
distributed by external pressure
immediately.
Surface lumps caused by tissue building should be
the lateral end of the eyebrow.
A hidden point of entry for hypodermic tissue
building in the temporal region is
the tissue builder should be injected as the
needle is withdrawn.
When injecting liquid tissue builder
plugging the wound.
A pre-embalming treatment when dealing with
penetrating wounds is
Intradermal
Which suture is used on an exposed area?
hold the edges of an excision in position.
The basket weave suture is used to
spectrum.
The original scientific standard of color is the
ROY-G-BIY.
The colors of the spectrum are represented by the letters
dispersion.
Breaking up white light into its many colors is
called
reflected.
The colors seen by the eye are those that are
value.
The lightness or darkness of a hue is referred
to as its
intensity.
The brightness or dullness of a hue is its
tint of red.
Red to which white has been added is a
shade of blue
Blue to which black has been added is a
tone of red
. The addition of a small amount of green to a large amount of red creates a
Prang System.
Pigment color theory that employs the color wheel
is the
Primary
Which hues can be combined to create all other
hues?
tertiary hue
559. The mixture of a small amount of a cool hue with a large amount of a warm hue creates a
warm.
Those hues on the side of the color wheel
containing red are identified as
secondary hue
The equal mixture of two primary hues creates
Minor integumentary restorations
The surface restorer wax is used primarily for
which of the following?
Medium consistency
In a warm environment, which restorative wax is
recommended for surface restorations?
Pigment
Which of the following components of restorative
wax is incorporated to impart color to the wax?
The external auditory meatus
Which of the following is considered the primary
anatomical guide for locating and positioning a
restored ear?
Sagittal
Which suture joins the two parietal bones?
The eye
Orbital pouch is associated with which facial feature?
The eye
Supercilium is a term associated with which facial
feature?
The nasolabial sulcus
Which of the following is an acquired
facial marking?
The oblique palpebral sulcus
Which of the following is a natural facial marking?
The nasolabial fold
. Which of the following is a natural facial marking?
Eight-ninths
When measured from the normal hairline to the
base of the chin, what is the location of the
superior border of the chin?
One-third
When measured from the normal hairline to the
base of the chin, what is the location of the
eyebrows?
Two-thirds
. Where is the base of the nose found when
measured from the normal hairline to the base of
the chin?
Two-ninths
When measured from the base of the chin to the normal hairline, where is the line of mouth closure
found?
One-sixth
What is the location of the superior border of the
chin when measured from the base of the chin to
the eyebrows?
One-sixth
What is the location of the superior border of the
chin when measured from the eyebrows to the base of the chin?
Lower one-third
. In which part of the face do the lips meet?
The eye
The supraorbital area is part of which
facial feature?
aspiration with a hypodermic syringe.
Swollen eyelids can be corrected by
a post-embalming restorative treatment.
Hypodermic tissue building is
hidden.
Points of entry for hypodermic tissue building
should be
a decapitation
. Insertion of a rod into the foramen magnum and
the spinal column is a technique for restoring
a laceration.
A jagged tearing of the flesh best describes
medial lobe.
The prominence on the midline of the superior
mucous membrane is known as the
dorsum.
The anterior ridge of the nose is known as the
root of the nose.
From the profile view of the nose, the concave dip below the glabella is the
intermediate hues
equal mixtures of a primary and secondary color.
complements
Colors directly opposite on the color wheel.
warm colors
A color that is characterized by long wavelengths; makes objects appear closer and larger and refects warmth. Orange is the warmest hue.
cool colors
A color that is characerized by short wavelegths; creates the impression of coldness and makes an object appear to recede. Blue is the coolest hue
cream cosmetic
Which of the following substances when added in progessive quantities to a restorative wax, will soften wax consistency?
eyelashes
The term cilia is used to denote the
Treatment for treating tumors
Tumor excised after embalming, add message cream to protect tissues, phenol treatments to dry the cavity, basket weave suture applied, sealer applied, deep wound filler applied, gauze placed over filler and sealer applied, wax adjustments, and cosmetics applied.
Aspirate the pus
The body has a large pus containing encapsulated tumor on the right side of the neck. Which of the following is the proper procedure during embalming?
conditionior
What is the best thing to use when trying to get tangles out of a deceaseds hair?
Cavity fluid, phenol, alcohol, preservative gel, and special bleaching fluid
A body has multiple stains on the hands, arms, and face. After embalming the stain is still there. Which of the following could you use to remove the stains?
the hairline, the corners of the mouth, behind the angle of the jaw and beind the superior attachment of the helix.
Hidden points of entry for hypodermic tissue bulding include