Miller Living in the Environment 17ed Chapter 17 Vocabulary: Hazards and Human Health
Miller LITE 17 ed chapter 17: Environmental Hazards and Human Health vocabulary
Terms in this set (17)
the probability of suffering harm from a hazard that can cause injury, disease, death, economic loss, or damage.
the process of using statistical methods to estimate how much harm a particular hazard can cause to human health or to the environment.
deciding whether or how to reduce a particular risk to a certain level and at what cost.
an organism that can cause disease in another organism.
caused when a pathogen such as a bacterium, virus, or parasite invades the body and multiplies in its cells and tissues.
an infectious disease that can be transmitted from one persion to another.
a disease caused by something other than a living organism and does not spread from person to person.
a disease that is newly discovered or was absent in human populations for at least 20 years.
chemicals, types of radiation, or certain viruses that can cause or promote cancer.
a chemical that can cause temporary or permanant harm or death to humans and animals.
chemicals or forms of radiation that cause or increase the frequency of mutations, or changes, in the DNA molecules found in cells.
chemicals that cause harm or birth defects to a fetus or embryo.
the study of the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and other organisms. (the study of poisons)
a measure of the harmfulness of a susbstance- its ability to cause injury.
the amount of a harmful chemical that a person has ingested, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin.
the damage to health resulting from exposure to a chemical.
the plotting of the effects of various doses of a chemcial on a test animal.
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