20 terms

Literary Terms

Literary terms you need to understand your high school English midterms
STUDY
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antagonist
A person or thing fighting against the hero of a story
climax
The highest point (turning point) in the action of a story
conflict
The problems and/or complications in a story
connotation
The feeling or emotion a word brings to your mind
denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word without emotion or feeling connected with the word
empathy
Putting yourself in someone else's place and imagining how that person must feel
essay
A piece of writing that gives the author's ideas or point of view about a subject
figurative language
Words or phrases which don't mean what they first appear to mean that are used in a special way to create a special effect
foreshadowing
The writer's hints or clues about what is going to happen in a story
irony
A word or phrase that a writer uses to mean the exact opposite of its normal meaning
narrator
A person or character who is telling the story
plot
The action of the story that is usually made up of a series of events
protagonist
The hero of the story
theme
The subject or message being written about or discussed
falling action
The part of a story which follows the climax or turning point leading to the ending of the story
personification
A form of figurative language in which an idea, object, or animal is given characteristics of a person. Ex: The rock stubbornly refused to move.
simile
A form of figurative language in which two different things are compared using "like" or "as" Ex: The car handled like a tank.
metaphor
A form of figurative language in which two different things are compared without using "like" or "as" Ex. The car was a tank when it came to handling.
rising action
The central part of a story during which various problems arise, leading up to the climax
setting
The time and place in which the action of the story takes place