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Chapter 1, Sections 2 & 3: Forms of Government, Basic Concepts of Government
Terms in this set (19)
Government in which a single person holds all political power
Government in which a small, usually self-appointed group has the sole power to rule
A government in which all power belongs to one central agency. Power resides with the central government. Local government is secondary.
A government in which power is divided between one central and several local governments. The National Government and States are co-equal partners.
division of powers
The split of power between central and local governments
An alliance of independent states where most power belongs to local governments and the central government has limited power.
A government with separate executive and legislative branches
A government in which the executive branch is part of the legislative branch and subject to its control. The legislative branch chooses the executive.
The people pass laws by discussing and voting on them in meetings, such as town meetings
A system of government that allows citizens to vote for representatives who will work on their behalf
When do Democracies Flourish?
Economic climate is favorable
Education is widespread
Social consensus - Citizens tend to agree on basic values like: liberty, equality, etc.
democratic concept of equality
This means that no person should be held back based on gender, race, color, or religion.
Majority Rules, Minority Rights
Holds that the majority will be right more often than it is wrong and will be right more often than any small group. The majority must respect the rights of minorities and listen to their viewpoint.
Necessity of Compromise
In a society made of many equal individuals with different opinions and interests, public decisions require this.
requires that each individual be as free as possible without interfering with the freedom of others.
Duties of Citizenship
Serving on a jury
Serving as a witness
Obeying local, state, and national laws
Respecting the rights of others
Responsibilities of Citizenship
Participating in civic life
Understanding the workings of our government
Individuals, not the government, decide what to make, how to make it, at what price to sell it, and whether to buy it.
Most markets are left mostly free from government control but the federal government does exert control over things like monopolies, interest rates & regulations.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 1 Section 2: Forms of Government (Civics)
Chapter 1 - Section 2 / Forms of government
Government Chapter 1 Section 2
Chapter 1 Section 2: Types of Government
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