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49 terms

Ch. 3 - Medical Terminology 1313

Chapter 3 - Directional Terms, Planes, Positions, Regions, and Quadrants Book: Exploring Medical Language 8th Edition (ISBN: 9780323073080)
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What is the anatomic position?
In this position, the body is viewed as standing erect, arms at the side, palms of the hands facing forward, and feet placed side by side.
Combining form: anter/o
Example: anter/o/poster/ior
Front
Combining form: caud/o
Example: caud/al
Tail (Downward)
Combining form: cephal/o
Example: cephal/ic
Head (Upward)
Combining form: dist/o
Example: dist/al
Away (From the point of attachment of a body part)
Combining form: dors/o
Example:dors/al
Back
Combining form: infer/o
Example: infer/ior
Below
Combining form: later/o
Example: later/al
Side
Combining form: medi/o
Example:medi/al
Middle
Combining form: poster/o
Example: poster/o
Back, Behind
Combining form: proxim/o
Example: proxim/al
Near (The point of attachment of a body part)
Combining form: super/o
Example: super/ior
Above
Combining form: ventr/o
Example: ventr/al
Belly (Front)
Suffix: -ior
Example: infer/ior
Pertaining to
Suffix: -ad
Example: cephal/ad
Toward
Prefix: uni-
Example: uni/lateral/al
One
Prefix: bi-
Example: bi/later/al
Two
Body directional term: caudad (KAW-dad)
Toward the tail (Downward)
Body directional term: cephalad (SEF-a-lad)
Toward the head (Upward)
Body directional term: lateral (lat) (LAT-er-al)
Pertaining to a side
Body directional term: medial (med) (ME-de-al)
Pertaining to the middle
Body directional term: unilateral (u-ni-LAT-er-al)
Pertaining to one side (only)
Body directional term: bilateral (bi-LAT-er-al)
Pertaining to two sides
Body directional term: mediolateral (me-de-o-LAT-er-al)
Pertaning to the middle and to the side
Body directional term: distal (DIS-tal)
Pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
Body directional term: dorsal (DOR-sal)
Pertaining to the back
Body directional term: proximal (PROK-si-mal)
Pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
Body directional term: inferior (inf) (in-FER-e-or)
Pertaining to below
Body directional term: superior (su-PER-e-or)
Pertaining to above
Body directional term: caudal (KAW-dal)
Pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior in most instances related to human anatomy)
Body directional term: cephalic (se-FAL-ik)
Pertaining to the head
Body directional term: anterior (ant) (an-TER-e-or)
Pertaining to the front
Body directional term: posterior (pos-TER-e-or)
Pertaning to the back
Body directional term: ventral (VEN-tral)
Pertaining to the belly
Body directional term: anteroposterior (AP) (an-ter-o-pos-TER-e-or)
Pertaining to the front and to the back
Body directional term: posteroanterior (PA) (pos-ter-o-an-TER-e-or)
Pertaining to the back and to the front
Body position: prone position
The prone position involves lying face downward.
Body position: supine position
To be in a supine position means to lie horizontally on the back.
Body position: Fowler position
Semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees
Body position: lithotomy position
Lying on back with legs raised (legs are supported under the knees rather than by stirrups at the feet)
Body position: orthopnea position
Sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest
(Also called orthopneic position)
Body position: recumbent position
Lying down in any position
Body position: Sims position
Lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back
Body position: Trendelenburg position
Lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet
Anatomic plane: Frontal or coronal plane
Vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body ino anterior and posterior portions
Anatomic plane: Midsagittal plane
Vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body equally into right and left halves
Anatomic plane: Parasagittal plane
Vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into unequal left and right sides
Anatomic plane: Sagittal plane
Vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)
Anatomic plane: Transverse plane
Horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions