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What is the anatomic position?
In this position, the body is viewed as standing erect, arms at the side, palms of the hands facing forward, and feet placed side by side.
Body directional term: distal (DIS-tal)
Pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
Body directional term: proximal (PROK-si-mal)
Pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
Body directional term: caudal (KAW-dal)
Pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior in most instances related to human anatomy)
Body directional term: anteroposterior (AP) (an-ter-o-pos-TER-e-or)
Pertaining to the front and to the back
Body directional term: posteroanterior (PA) (pos-ter-o-an-TER-e-or)
Pertaining to the back and to the front
Body position: lithotomy position
Lying on back with legs raised (legs are supported under the knees rather than by stirrups at the feet)
Body position: orthopnea position
Sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest
(Also called orthopneic position)
Body position: Sims position
Lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back
Body position: Trendelenburg position
Lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet
Anatomic plane: Frontal or coronal plane
Vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body ino anterior and posterior portions
Anatomic plane: Midsagittal plane
Vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body equally into right and left halves
Anatomic plane: Parasagittal plane
Vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into unequal left and right sides
Anatomic plane: Sagittal plane
Vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)
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