Principle functions of the Gallbladder
-Stores and excretes bile
-Regulates the Qi on the side of the body including the head, sense organs, trunk, and extremities
-Influence the bones and joints. (so does Kidney)
-Regulates the Qi in the Shao Yang Channel (Shao Yang Syndrome)
-Regulate the functions of the Gallbladder and harmonize the relationship between the liver and gallbladder
-Regulate the lymphatic system and strengthen the immunity
-Regulate the emotions and promote mental balance.
-Its main function is to store bile and continuously excrete it to the intestines to aid digestion.
-When the function of the gallbladder is normal, its qi descends
-If there is an upward movement of gallbladder Qi it may give rise to a bitter taste in the mouth, vomiting of bitter fluids, and failure to aid the stomach and spleen in digestion, resulting in abdominal distention and loose stools.
-Since this function is closely related to the liver's function of maintaining the free flow of Qi. So liver and gallbladder together have the function. If you want to move qi quickly, use GB pt
Actions and Indications for Gallbladder
-Treating disorders of the eyes - Liver and GB channel heat or exterior WH
-Treating disorders of the ear
-Treating headaches - especially one sided affecting the shaoyang channel at the temple and side of head
-Treating disorders of the Liver - Smooth flow of QI, LV Yang Rising,
-Treating phlegm disorders, scrofula and nodules
-Clearing Damp Heat from the Gallbladder - jaundice , pain in Later Costal area, nausea vomiting, fever
-Clearing pathogenic factors from Shao Yang level - Alt chills fever, bitter taste in mouth, dry mouth and throat
-Treating disorders of the spirit and ethereal soul - decisiveness and courage
-The influential point of the sinew and the marrow - important in treatment of disorders such as atrophy, and painful obstructions.
-Wind heat in eye (pink eye)
INDICATIONS Headache, redness and pain of the eyes, failing of vision, lacrimation, deviation of the eye and mouth(bells palsy).
note-kidney is responsible for sharpness of vision (think-KD, black, pupil). Liver belongs to the iris
KEY POINTS - Tongziliao GB-1, the first point of the channel and located just lateral to the eye, is used to treat all kinds of eye disorders, especially when due to Liver channel wind-heat.
Tongziliao GB-1 is traditionally indicated for pain, swelling, redness and itching of the eyes, lacrimation and disorders of vision, and in modern times for such disorders as glaucoma, photophobia, cataract, nebula, corneal opacity, keratitis, retinal haemorrhage and atrophy of the optic nerve.
-above ST 7-
INDICATIONS: Headache, deafness, tinnitus, diplacusis(hearing double), deviation of the eye and mouth, toothache.
Migraine, incessant turbid nasal discharge
(usually 4,5,6 are threaded-one needle. if woman comes in with PMS and migraine, work these pts for several cycles and you'll get rid of both issues)
hangovers-asked on boards
Eliminates wind, benefits the head and alleviates pain
Harmonises the diaphragm and Stomach and alleviates vomiting
Treats alcohol intoxication.
INDICATIONS: One Sided H/A, inability to eat, injury with alcohol with vomiting.
Deviation of the mouth and eye.
KEY POINTS - Shuaigu GB-8 is an important point for treating parietal or temporal headache and heaviness, especially when unilateral, and is frequently found to be tender in such cases. According to the Illustrated Classic of Acupuncture Points on the BronzeMan Shuaigu GB-8 is especially indicated for "cold and phlegm in the diaphragm and Stomach, injury by alcohol, wind giving rise to severe and stubborn pain at both corners of the brain, inability to eat and drink.
Shuaigu GB-8 is also indicated for accumulation of phlegm in the diaphragm and Stomach, giving rise to ceaseless vomiting and 'phlegm qi diaphragm pain'.
INDICATIONS: Pain of the forehead, pain of the supraorbital ridge, head
wind, wind-cold headache, dizziness, pain of the face, lacrimation, twitching of the eyelids, Inability to get warm despite wearing much clothing, shivering and aversion to cold on the back.
KEY POINTS - Yangbai GB-14 is a meeting point of the Gall Bladder shaoyang channel with the Stomach and Large Intestine yangming channels, and is therefore the pre-eminent local point in the treatment of pain of the forehead, whether due to interior disharmony or invasion of exterior pathogenic factors.
Benefits the head and eyes
INDICATIONS Headache, vertigo, insomnia, pain and stiffness of the neck, blurred vision, glaucoma, red and painful eyes, tinnitus, convulsions, epilepsy, febrile diseases, common cold, nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea.
KEY POINTS: Wind, a yang pathogenic factor whose nature is to harass the uppermost (and therefore most yang) part of the body, may be of two kinds: i. exterior pathogenic wind which attacks the most superficial portion of the body, and ii. interior wind which has its origin in disharmony of the Liver. As its name (Wind Pool) implies, Fengchi GB-20 is an important local point to treat both kinds of wind disease affecting the head.
Fengchi GB-20 is equally important to pacify pathologically ascending interior wind and to settle yang and clear fire from the head, and is therefore indicated for such disorders as headache, head wind, dizziness, deviation of the mouth and eyes, hemiplegia and lockjaw as well as for hypertension.
contraindicated in pregnancy.
Transforms and lowers phlegm and dissipates nodules
INDICATIONS: Pain and rigidity of the neck, pain in the shoulder and back, motor impairment of the arm, insufficient lactation, mastitis(build up of phlegm d/t liver stagnation), scrofula, apoplexy, difficult labor.
KP: Jianjing GB-21 may be needled in all such cases of stiffness of the neck and shoulders, which may extend to the back or arm. Jianjing GB-21 is indicated for a variety of phlegm disorders. Phlegm may involve Liver or Gall Bladder pathology in the following three ways: i. Liver qi stagnation leads to stagnation of fluids which condense into phlegm, summed up in the statement in the Treatise on Disorders of Blood "When qi flows, water also flows", ii. Liver wind ascends carrying phlegm with it (this is one of the main pathological features of windstroke), and iii. Liver or Gall Bladder fire steams and condenses fluids into phlegm. (lots of phlegm involvement in stroke)
GB-21 is used in the treatment of such phlegm disorders as hemiplegia, loss of speech following windstroke, windstroke, scrofula and goiter.
The implied ability of Jianjing GB-21 to tonify deficiency following miscarriage, is surprisingly mirrored in its indications for a variety of deficiency patterns including wind-taxation, the five taxations and seven injuries, Kidney deficiency lumbar pain and steaming bone disorder.
Front Mu pt of GB
Benefits the Gall Bladder and spreads Liver qi
INDICATIONS : Pain in the hypochondriac region, vomiting, acid regurgitation, jaundice, mastitis.
KP: Riyue GB-24 is an important point to treat diseases of the Gall Bladder fu which may derive from the following three aetologies: i. emotional disharmony results in stagnation of Liver qi which impairs the circulation of qi in its interiorly-exteriorly related Gall Bladder channel, and gives rise to distention, fullness and pain of the lateral costal region, sighing and a sensation of heat in the lower abdomen; ii. disharmony of the Stomach and Spleen transportation and transformation function leads to accumulation of dampness which transforms to damp-heat and ferments in the Liver and Gall Bladder; bile does not flow and seeps into the muscles and skin giving rise to jaundice;
Front Mu pt of Kidneys (12th rib)
KD7&GB25 to tonify KD yang
Tonifies the Kidneys and regulates the water passages
Fortifies the Spleen and regulates the intestines
Strengthens the lumbar region
Borborygmus, cold or damp (dong) diarrhoea, abdominal distention, vomiting, pain of the lower abdomen, painful shan disorder. Weakness of the spine, lumbar pain with inability to stand for long,
KEY POINTS The main action of Jingmen GB-25 is to assist the mutual relationship between the Kidneys and the Spleen. When this mutual support between the Kidneys and Spleen breaks down, there will be impairment of both the Spleen's digestive function, and the Kidneys' function of ruling the fluids
Regulates the Girdling vessel(dai mai) and drains dampness
Regulates menstruation and stops leucorrhoea
INDICATIONS : Irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, leucorrhea, abdominal pain, hernia, pain in the lumbar and hypochondriac region.
KEY POINTS The Girdling vessel plays an important role in controlling leucorrhoea and may be damaged by turbid dampness which sinks downwards, deficiency of Kidney yin or Kidney yang, invasion of exterior dampness which transforms into heat, or pouring down of Liver and Gall Bladder channel damp-heat, all of which may result in leucorrhoea. Daimai GB-26 is not just an important point to activate the Girdling vessel itself, but has a significant influence on the Conception and Penetrating vessels, and is able to treat. disorders of the uterus and menstruation such as infertility, irregular menstruation and amenorrhoea, and sinking of qi giving rise to uterine prolapse.
needling:2-3.5cun! (even deeper with fat patients)
Sciatica-Pain of the buttock, pain or sprain of the hip and leg, sciatica, atrophy disorder and painful obstruction of the lower limb, hemiplegia, cold-wind-damp painful obstruction, numbness of the leg, inability to flex and extend the knee, contraction and pain of the thigh and knee, pain of the lumbar region and lateral costal region, pain of the lumbar region and leg, leg qi. Urticaria, eczema.
Hui-meeting point of Sinews
Benefits the sinews and joints
Activates the channel and alleviates pain
Spreads Liver qi and benefits the lateral costal region
Clears Liver and Gall Bladder damp-heat
INDICATIONS Hemiplegia, weakness numbness and pain of the lower extremities, swelling and pain of the knee, hypochondriac pain, bitter taste in the mouth, vomiting, jaundice,
(If knees hurt but don't have lower back or urinary issues, it's not Kidneys, it's just sinews)
KEY POINTS According to the Essential Questions10 "the knees are the residence of the sinews; when the knees are unable to flex and extend and walking is achieved with a hunched back and the help of a cane, then the sinews are exhausted". The Gall Bladder is interiorly-exteriorly related with the Liver which dominates and nourishes the sinews, and Yanglingquan GB-34, the he-sea point of the Gall Bladder channel, is an essential point for contraction of the sinews and stiffness and tightness of the muscles and joints, and most especially for disorders of the leg such as knee pain, hip pain, sciatica, hemiplegia, atrophy disorder and painful obstruction.
The primary disharmony of the Gall Bladder is accumulation of damp-heat which may arise from i. failure of the Spleen transportation and transformation function leading to accumulation of either dampness or damp-heat which obstruct the function of the Liver and Gall Bladder, ii. over-consumption of rich greasy food or alcohol, iii. attack of external pathogenic damp-heat, or iv. stagnation of Liver qi which both obstructs the movement of fluids and transforms into heat giving rise to damp-heat.
-bland food to get rid of dampness
INDICATIONS Pain in the knee, muscular atrophy, motor impairment and pain of lower extremities, blurring of vision, ophthalmalgia, night blindness, distending pain in the breast.
KEY POINTS: Many eye diseases derive from Liver pathology, and as its name 'Bright Light' suggests, Guangming GB-37, the luo-connecting point of the Gall Bladder channel, is the principal distal point on the channel for the treatment of a wide range of eye disorders, including pain, redness, itching, long and short sightedness and night blindness.
Fire pt so it clears heat
Clears Gall Bladder channel heat
INDICATIONS : Migraine (one sided. needle with GB 4,5,6), lumbar pain, pain in the chest, pain in the axillary region
KEY POINTS: The main actions of Yangfu GB-38 are to clear stagnation and heat from the entire course of the Gall Bladder channel, clear shaoyang heat, and benefit the sinews and bones of the whole body. In the head, Yangfu GB-38 is an important point for one sided headache, principally due to Liver qi stagnation or uprising of Liver fire or Liver yang which transmit along the Gall Bladder channel.
Hui-Meeting point for Marrow
Benefits the sinews and bones (good to combine w GB34)
Benefits the neck (can use w LU7)
Dispels wind-damp (skin disorders-vesicles)
Clears Gall Bladder fire
INDICATIONS : Apoplexy, hemiplegia, pain in the neck, abdominal distention, pain in the hypochondriac region, muscular atrophy of the lower limbs.
KEY POINTS Xuanzhong GB-39 is the hui-meeting point for the 'marrow' which is the source of both the 'sea of marrow' (the brain) and the bone marrow. Xuanzhong GB-39, however, has a strong action on benefiting the bone marrow, sinews and bones and is indicated for a wide range of disorders characterised by weakness, flaccidity, contraction and pain of the limbs. Xuanzhong GB-39 is the main distal point on the Gall Bladder channel for disorders of the neck, both acute and chronic
yuan source pt of GB channel.
-a lot of us are def-indecisive, not enough sleep. often patient falls right asleep on the table when it's needled
Spreads Liver qi and clears Gall Bladder heat and damp-heat
INDICATIONS: Pain in the neck, pain in the hypochondriac region, vomiting, acid regurgitation, muscular atrophy of the lower limbs, malaria.
KEY POINTS: The Liver and Gall Bladder are entrusted with the ministerial fire which corresponds to the energy of spring, growth, forcefulness and decision making. In disharmony, this indispensable fire is prone to flare up, principally when the Liver and Gall Bladder lose their free-flowing function and qi stagnates and transforms to fire.
indicated when there is heat and stagnant qi in various portions of the Gall Bladder channel giving rise to distention, pain, redness or swelling of the head, eyes, neck, throat, axilla and abdomen, distention and pain of the chest and lateral costal region with sighing and inability to catch the breath, and shan disorder.
opens dai mai-master pt
Spreads Liver qi
Benefits the chest, lateral costal region and breasts
Clears the head and benefits the eyes
Transforms phlegm and dissipates nodules
INDICATIONS : Headache, vertigo, pain in the outer canthus, pain in the hypochondriac region, distending pain of the breast, irregular menstruation, pain and swelling of the dorsum of the foot, spastic pain of the foot and toe.
KEY POINTS: Zulinqi GB-41 is an indispensable point to spread the Liver qi, especially when qi stagnation manifests along the course of the Gall Bladder channel, and this action underpins all the indications of this point. Zulinqi GB-41, as the name (Foot Governor of Tears) implies, is an important point to adjust the fluid in the eye and treat these conditions. Zulinqi GB-41 is particularly used therefore in situations where Liver qi stagnation impairs the regularity of the menstrual cycle, and more especially for symptoms of stagnant qi such as distention and pain of the breast and headache which precede the menstrual period.
INDICATIONS :Headache, dizziness, visual dizziness, hypertension, redness and pain of the outer canthus, itching of the eyes, deafness, tinnitus, pain of the ears, pain and swelling of the cheek and submandibular region. Febrile diseases, distending pain of the breast.
INDICATIONS: Migraine, deafness, tinnitus, opthalmalgia, dream disturbed sleep, febrile diseases.