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12 terms

Acidic, Basic and Neutral Salts

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Sodium Acetate - Basic
CH₃COONa
Sodium Phosphate -Basic
Na₃PO₄
Ammonium Sulfate - Acidic
(NH₄)₂SO₄
Sodium Nitrate - Neutral
NaNO₃
Calcium Acetate - Basic
(CH₃COO)₂Ca
Ammonium Chloride - Acidic
NH₄Cl
Barium Chloride - Neutral
BaCl₂
Potassium Chloride - Neutral
KCl
Calculations of the pH of a salt
Is the Salt Acidic or Basic
Which ion in the formula is the spectator ion
write the ionization equation in water
use RICE to solve for H⁺ and OH⁻
pH = -log [H⁺]
Acidic Salts
THE CATION: is the conjugate acid of a weak base
THE ANION: Conjugate Base of A Strong Acid
(FROM NH₃)<---NH₄Cl---(FROM HCl)
Neutral Salts
THE CATION: comes from a strong base
THE ANION: comes from a strong acid
(From NaOH) <----NaCl-----> (FROM HCl)
Basic Salts
THE CATION: comes from the cation of a strong Base (i.e. Na+, K+, Li+)

The Anion: comes from the conjugate base of a weak acid

i.e. RbCN, LiCH₃COO