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30 terms

American Government - Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
A Congress that has two parts, or houses, is referred to as a ___.
bicameral legislature
Which constitutional amendment called for the direct election of senators by the voters of the state?
Seventeenth Amendment
The lawmaking branch of government:
Legislative branch
Equal representation:
equal votes per state
Interstate commerce:
the buying and selling of goods across state lines
Implied powers:
the powers intended to be given by the Constitution to Congress, but not stated
Only the ___ has the power to impeach federal officials.
Only the ___ can introduce legislation into Congress that raises revenue.
House of Representatives
Only the ___ can approve treaties.
Only the ___ can approve federal court judges.
Only the ___ can remove an impeached federal official.
Senate
Impeach:
to bring charges against a federal official for wrongdoing
Congressional District:
the geographical area and its people represented by a member of the House of Representatives
National census:
the effort to count the number of people in the United States and detertmine where they live
Constituency:
the people represented by an elected official
Majority political party:
the political party with the most members in a house of Congress
Speaker of the House:
supervises the House of Representatives
Majority floor leader:
the leader chosen by senators of the majority polictical party to schedule proposed legislation
Caucus:
a meeting of the House of Representative party members
Whips:
the leaders in Congress who round up fellow legislators to vote in important bills
The minimum age for a senator is ___ years old.
30
The minimum age for a representative of the House of Representatives is ___ years old.
25
The term of a senator is ___ years.
6
Ther term of a representative is ___ years.
2
A candidate for the Senate must have lived in the United States for ___ years before running for office.
9
The legislator who introduces a bill is referred to as the bill's ___.
sponsor
Bill:
proposed legislation
Hopper:
the box on the House clerk's desk that hold newly proposed legislation (bills)
Session:
the time, each year, from January through fall when Congress meets
Rules Committee:
a standing committee in the House of Representative responsible for the legislative process
Filibuster:
a tactic that allows a senator to speak for a long time to kill interest in a bill
Veto:
Presidential rejection of legislation passed by both chambers of Congress
Joint committee:
a temporary committee composed of members from the Senate and the House of Representatives