high taxes, low wages, high rent, no aid for the poor/unemployed
disputes that led to the fall of the ming dynasty
first european country in china
"society of jesus"
portugese port city
guangzhou/canton (late 1600s)
british port city
buddhist monks (1368)
who started the ming dynasty
nurachi and the united manchu (1644)
who started the qinq dynasty
all men must wear queue (ponytail). Manchu must study Manchurian language and culture. No marriages between Chinese and Manchu. Chinese not allowed in Manchuria. Chinese had harsher punishments than the Manchu.
laws of the qing dynasty
only one port city. british merchants can't leave port city. chinese merchants must be approved by emperor. british were not allowed to learn chinese.
canton trading system
british got five more port cities. british got hong kong. chinese must pay for all damages. lower tariffs.
treaty of nanking
opium legalized. ten more port cities. british could build embassy in china. missionaries protected.
treaty of tienstin
opium trade continued until
british remained influential until
british controlled hong kong until
"heavenly kingdom of great peace"
korea gains independence from china. japan gets parts of manchuria and formosa/taiwan. japan gets trading rights, ports, factories, and access to yangtze river
treaty of simonoseki
society of righteious and harmonius fists
how many people were killing during the boxer rebellion
who lead the nationalist party
who became leader of china after revolution of 1911