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high taxes, low wages, high rent, no aid for the poor/unemployed

disputes that led to the fall of the ming dynasty


first european country in china

"society of jesus"


macao (1557)

portugese port city

guangzhou/canton (late 1600s)

british port city

buddhist monks (1368)

who started the ming dynasty

nurachi and the united manchu (1644)

who started the qinq dynasty

all men must wear queue (ponytail). Manchu must study Manchurian language and culture. No marriages between Chinese and Manchu. Chinese not allowed in Manchuria. Chinese had harsher punishments than the Manchu.

laws of the qing dynasty

only one port city. british merchants can't leave port city. chinese merchants must be approved by emperor. british were not allowed to learn chinese.

canton trading system

british got five more port cities. british got hong kong. chinese must pay for all damages. lower tariffs.

treaty of nanking

opium legalized. ten more port cities. british could build embassy in china. missionaries protected.

treaty of tienstin


opium trade continued until


british remained influential until


british controlled hong kong until

"heavenly kingdom of great peace"

taiping dynasty

korea gains independence from china. japan gets parts of manchuria and formosa/taiwan. japan gets trading rights, ports, factories, and access to yangtze river

treaty of simonoseki

society of righteious and harmonius fists



how many people were killing during the boxer rebellion

sun yat-sen

who lead the nationalist party

gen yuan

who became leader of china after revolution of 1911

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