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Garner Social Pyschology Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
social psychology
The scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.
social neuroscience
An integration of biological and social perspectives that explores the neural and psychological bases of social and emotional behaviors.
Culture
The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
social representations
widely held ideas and values, including our assumptions and cultural ideologies. Our social representations help us make sense of our world.
hindsight bias
The tendency to exaggerate, after learning an outcome, one's ability to have foreseen how something turned out. Also known as the I-knew-it--all-along phenomenon.
Theory
An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events.
Hypothesis
A testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events.
Field research
Research done in natural, real-life settings outside the laboratory.
correlational research
The study of the naturally occurring relationships among variables.
experimental research
Studies that seek clues to cause-effect relationships by manipulating one or more factors while controlling others
r
the degree of relationship between two factors
random sample
Survey procedure in which every person in the population being studied has an equal chance of inclusion.
Framing
The way a question or an issue is posed; framing can influence people's decisions and expressed opinions.
independent variable
The experimental factor that a researcher manipulates.
dependent variable
The variable being measured, so called because it may depend on manipulations of the independent variable
random assignment
The process of assigning participants to the conditions of an experiment such that all persons have the same chance of being in a given condition.
mundane realism
Degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations.
experimental realism
Degree to which an experiment absorbs and involves its participants.
Deception
In research, an effect by which participants are misinformed or misled about the study's methods and purposes.
demand characteristics
Cues in an experiment that tell the participant what behavior is expected.
informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate.
Debriefing
In social psychology, the postexperimental explanation of a study to its participants.