SOCI 122 First Exam
Terms in this set (78)
Why is being "color-blind" problematic?
It's illogical. It requires the simultaneous recognition and nonrecognition of racial markers. "they perceive race and then ignore it" -- for people who are the racially dominant. NOTICING RACE MEANS RECOGNIZING A LONG HISTORY OF ABUSE THAT HAS LEAD TO THE DISCRIMINATION AND DISADVANTAGE OF POC TODAY.
failing to recognize reace leads to...
even more racial inequalities b rending anti-racist programs impossible
racial categories are the same across the globe. T/F
FALSE: every nation has their own way of categorizing race. some by ancestry, some by phenotype, some by both.
racial categories are ______ specific and _______ specific
place specific (each nation has their own way of categorizing things) and time specific (categories change throughout history)
shared lifestyle infomred by cultural, historical, religious, and/or national affiliations
ethnicity is noticed and ignored in what circumstances
in white places, ethnicity is recognized. In colored placed white people often ignore ethnicity and categorize people by their skin color and race alone. If you are dark, it is much harder to blend your ethnicity in to get by. Your skin color is what is being judged not your cultural assimilation.
why was ethnicity important to white americans?
they used to only allow white immigrants into america so to distinguish from an immigrant and an american, ethnicity was important.
Immigration and Nationality Act
forbade denying citizenship on the basis of race but did limit how may immigrants were allowed from each country.
race is a well founded __________
Why weren't many POC artists?
couldn't afford to enjoy art. made up majority of working class. also racism stopped talented POC from upward mobility in art (school, museums, stores, ect)
Great Bath at Bursa painting
black women used to sexualize white women in contrast
though minstrel shows died out who still had control?
white people still had control over the image of colored people. ex: yellow face, stereotypes, NA being savage, asian women being erotic,
if nonwhites don't exist in art...
then neither does racial inequality because they aren't pictured. this represents a white world where there isn't a race problem
country music is seen as white music. this music doesn't include
talk about racial inequalities like POC music does. instead it can romanticize white racism.
whiteness is expected in art. examples:
rue and thresh in the hunger games. black annie. ect
normalize whiteness, demand whiteness, expect whiteness (ignores POC)
depicts POC in negative ways and pretends racism isn't a thing. (like POC are happy to be depicted that way or its natural)
poc in art are often represented as
a poc doing poc things. ex. NA doing a stereotypical rain dance. never just a dad of 3 going to work to feed his family.
showing images of history and racism in harsh contexts to point out racism blatantly and make a statement. poetry is very common. irony- reduces poc as "mere reactors of white power"
can art have more than one aesthetic?
yes! ex. hip hop has racist and antiracist
poc seen as art only when...
honored white people state them as such
white discovery of POC everyday items turns into
"art." it doesn't make it any more beautiful or treasured but it does give it the opportunity to be displayed
things made by poc that could have been made by white people but because it was made by poc it's seen as more exotic an treasured. ex of poc culture eroticised and separated from the treatment of actual poc people
problem with ethnic aisle in grocery stores
ethnic = poc. not foreign. french food not found in ethnic aisle.
ex. tv targetting one race. bet, telemundo, because everyday tv isn't poc tv
when lower class/nonwhites "invade" a high class white image...
those high class white people abandon that image and adopt a new one to keep the divide
collection of art forms associated with upper class taste and lifestyle, rich in cultural capital. ex ballet, classical music, sculpture and abstract painting
aka popular culture, art forms considered more ordinary and associated with tastes and lifestyles of the masss. ex. club dancin g, popular music, stand up comedy
when members of one ethnic or racial group adopt a cultural product associated with another
why do white people like rap music?
this question is problematic because it furthers the racial divide in aesthetics
the use of a culture against the people who live with that culture
poc appropriating white culture. doesn't have negative consequences on white people. cites where the inspiration has come from
three orgs that are important to the career of racial inequalities
hate grouops, internet based assocaitions and religious communities
segregation in community organizations lead to
the appearance of women/poc/woman and poc orgs. also divided by religion
thought black > white, african first, american second. wanted a white and a black country
excessive loyalty towrd and belief in the superiority of a racial/ethnic group
lead black nationalsim in the 60s. was an ethnic chauvinist until he went to mecca and saw muslims of all races.
associating with people who are the most similar to you (white americans have the highest percentage of this.) can be passively doing this by bringing friends in (of similar type) instead of pushing enemies out
multiple ways people create uphold and traverse social boundaries that separate familiar from unfamiliar
homophilous social capital
binds you to your people
heterophilous social capital
bridges racial cleavages
social capital has ________ since civil rights movement
declined. less likely to voice an opinion to government
social capital is more prevalent in ___________ communities
homogeneous. because its easier to express your opinion
white politicians not speaking about race issues
is a form of identity politics
minimizes offense to marginalized groups and ends up censoring certain speech or attitudes deemed off limits (forbids you from saying what is truely on your mind for fear of being racist)
largest racial ethnic groups in us?
white, black 12%, hispanic 18%, asian 6%, NA 1%, multiracial 2%.
which us citizens with non citezen parents were interned u us camps, what war and how many years later did they recieve compensation?
japanese bc pearl harbor in ww2. compensated in 1940s with 20k to survivors
what was the trail of tears and trail of broken trees? which racial group did that happen to?
forced move of NA to west, very barren (trail of tears.) traild of broken trees: na walked to DC to sit in on affairs for land protection and compensation
children born in us to illegal parents to help keep family in usa
radical reconstruction in us? success?
south after civil war. resulted with republicans trying to revive the south
intermarriage rate bw wite and poc partners?
during recessions- USA increases or decreases immigration?
what is celebrated june 16th and by which race and why
black people because news of the end of slavery reached people in texas
whi is vincent chin and what was his issue as a chinese american with the US govt?
chin was beaten to death in a hate crime by white people and it took 20 years to get compensation
who lead migrant farmer movement including boycotts and hunger strikes in the south west usa?
cecear chavez- rights for mexican farmers
revival of black culture in NY, took underground black culture and showed it to the public
why is a drivers license a discriminatory ID for voting rights?
means they need a car- minorities least likely to own a car
black national anthem
lift every voice and sing
what is the american dream?
life liberty and pursuit of happiness
racial grouip with lowest net worth?
oldest problem in the usa. inequality of some groups and the priveledge of others by racial identity
when was unc integrated?
1955-1960 (not including women)
nearly worldwide acceptance of european standards of beauty
passive consumption of art
not an option- all art is political because all art has an agenda.
3 ways to misrepresent minorities in history
white wash so it seems better than what it was, say racial domination doesn't exist anymore, reduce systematic racism to interpersonal racism
racism is a biological construction T/F?
false- social construction
prejustice + discrimination =
what is the most important requirement of anyof us crossing racial lines in relationships?
cultural labor (or racial work) bc you have to be taught!
abolishing racist laws = abolishing racism
poc in positions of power = no racism
history of abuse of poc doesn't matter anymore and doesn't effect poc today
racism is fixed
every interaction of interpersonal racism is an act of _______
every interaction of institutionalized racism is ___________
not always an act of interpersonal racism
the ability of races is biological (ex black people in sports)