36 terms

APUSH Feminism

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Seneca Falls Convention
Took place in upperstate New York in 1848. Women of all ages and even some men went to discuss the rights and conditions of women. There, they wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, which among other things, tried to get women the right to vote.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A pioneer in the women's suffrage movement, she helped organize the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. She later helped edit the militant feminist magazine Revolution from 1868 - 1870.
Lucretia Mott
Quaker activist in both the abolitionist and women's movements; with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she was a principal organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848.
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
NAWSA
National American Woman Suffrage Association; founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote.
NWP
National Woman's Party - Led by "militant" British suffragist Alice Paul - Little patience for "State by State" tactic and started to oppose the federal "party in power"; more radical than NAWSA, founded in 1913
15th Amendment
This amendment excluded women's rights; NWP felt this was important, NAWSA felt black rights should be priority.
West
First region of the US to grant voting rights to women
Alice Paul
head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. She opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. Most condemned her way of thinking.
Carrie Chapman Catt
A suffragette who was president of the National Women's Suffrage Association, and founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Instrumental in obtaining passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
1920
Year that 19th amendment was ratified, women were given vote
Sandra Day O'Connor
first female Supreme Court justice (1981)
Geraldine Ferraro
Mondale's Running mate, first female vice president nominee
Margaret Sanger
woman who opened planned parenthood and organized a birth-control movement which openly championed the use of contraceptives in the 1920's.
Comstock Act of 1873
Federal law which made it illegal to send contraceptives or information about them by mail
Betty Friedan
United States feminist who founded a national organization for women and wrote "The Feminine Mystique"
1950s
Decade during which average age of marriage dropped (to 20), fertility rates rose, and female ennui became widespread and publicized; traditional gender roles reached their peak here, meeting resistance around 19_7.
President's Commission on the Status of Women
reported widespread discrimination against women and recommended remedies. Proposed to JFK by Assistant Secretary of Labor Esther Peterson; chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt; created in 1961
1963 Equal Pay Act
outlawed gender-based wage discrimination and requires employers to pay women and men the same wages for the same work; first law prohibiting gender discrimination
1964 Civil Rights Act
created legal basis for nondiscrimination in housing, education, public accommodations, federally assisted programs, and employment; prohibits discrimination based on: race or color, sex or religion
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Federal Agency created to enforce the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which forbids discrimination on the basis of race, creed, national origin, religion, or sex in hiring, promotion, or firing
National Organization for Women
founded by Betty Friedan and others in 1966, it focused on womens rights in the workplace fought against legal and economic discrimination agianst women and lobbied for the Equal Rights Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
Executive Order 11375
issued by President Lyndon Johnson in 1965 requires that, as a condition for receiving federal contracts, employers have to draw up written affirmative action plans, with utilization, analysis, goals, and timetables, for assuring equal opportunity in employment for minorities
Gloria Steinem
Feminist who started Ms. magazine in 1971
Simone de Beauvoir
French feminist who wrote "The Second Sex" in 1949
The Second Sex
Book by feminist Simone de Beauvoir discussing history of female inferiority
The Feminine Mystique
Book by feminist Betty Friedan criticizing the culture for forcing women to be only housewives and mothers
Griggs v. Duke Power Company
Landmark Supreme Court decision stating that qualification tests must fairly measure the knowledge or skills required for a job (1971)
Hyde Amendment
Legislation that barred the use of the federal funds for nearly any abortion
Phyllis Schafly
promoted the Stop ERA campaign because she thought that the Equal rights Amendment would ruin the traditional family; conservative activist
First Wave Feminism
wave of feminism focused on ending legal barriers to female rights, primarily suffrage, considered over after the passage of the 19th amendment
Second Wave Feminism
this term refers to the 1960s Women's Liberation Movement that campaigned for equal rights on issues such as employment, marital relationships, and sexual orientation
Third Wave Feminism
wave of feminism focused on, 1990's to present; "Lipstick feminists," believe feminism is an individual choice and that anyone can be a feminist, focus on feminism in 3rd world countries, and the different experiences of women across the globe; emphasis on identity and lifestyle
Feminization of Poverty
the trend of women making up an increasing proportion of the poor, 1970s onward
Declaration of Sentiments
series of resolutions issued at the end of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848; modeled after the Declaration of Independence, the list of grievances called for economic and social equality for women, along with a demand for the right to vote.