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Arts and Humanities
History of Africa
Terms in this set (15)
What was the main goal of the Pan-African movement? To get Africans to think of themselves as one people and to work together.
What part of the adult population of Kenya has HIV / AIDS?
Which question can be answered using the graph?
Which African country has the highest percentage of adults with HIV / AIDS?
What is the best reason for including data from the United States on the graph? To compare data from African countries with data from our own
In what year was Nelson Mandela born? 1918
About how long after Mandela was imprisoned did he become president of South Africa? about 30 years
Which event in Mandela's life happened before the official beginning of apartheid? Mandela completed college
Which group of people did some European powers use to be their "enforcers"? local chiefs
Why did Europeans first take an interest in the African continent? They were engaged in the slave trade
Why did the European countries eventually set up colonies in Africa? They needed the raw material found on the African continent.
Which is a system of acquiring colonies to provide raw materials for a stronger country? imperialism
Which was a part of early European plans for Africa? protecting trade and transportation routes
Using African people to help European officials administer a colony was known as what form of government? indirect rule
What is the definition of "assimilation"? giving up one's own customs and adopting those of another culture
When did many African groups begin to challenge European colonial rule? after World War II
Why did many of the boundaries of the new African states created after World War II cause problems? The boundaries split tribes and kinship groups.
Which was most often used to draw new boundaries for African countries?
Europeans followed the old colonial boundaries.
What percent of the population of South Africa was black when that country achieved independence? 70 percent
What was the name of Nelson Mandela's political party? African National Congress
What decision did South African President F.W. de Klerk eventually make about the country's apartheid laws? He began to recommend that the laws be repealed.
What was Nelson Mandela's attitude toward the people who had been responsible for the old government of South Africa? He felt the different races needed to try to work together in the new government.
Which European country first colonized South Africa? The Netherlands
When Great Britain took over South Africa and the Dutch settlers moved farther North, which African group fought that expansion? Zulus
What valuable natural resources were discovered in South Africa after the British took control of that country? gold and diamonds
Which organization was formed to work for equality in the country of South Africa? African National Congress
What is the apartheid system? segregation of races
What was significant about Nelson Mandela's election to political office in South Africa in 1994? He was the first black president of South Africa
Why was the government of Kenya criticized after independence, even though it was led by Africans? The government was controlled by only one party.
What conflict broke out in Nigeria after independence was declared? religious conflict between Muslims and Christians
How could the political situation in Nigeria today be described? The government is still unstable.
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