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15 terms

Psychology Chapter 7

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Chunking
This method organizes items into familiar units so that they can be remembered more easily.
Encoding
Is the memory process that translates information into a form in which it can be stored.
Flashbulb
Memories are examples of episodic memories that are recalled in great detail.
Storage
The memory process by which we maintain encoded information over a long period of time is called.
Iconic
Memory is a type of sensory register that holds visual memories.
State-dependent
Memories are recalled better when the mood in which they were originally encoded is recreated.
Retrieval
Is the memory process that allows people to locate stored information and return it to conscious thought.
Memory
Is the process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills.
Short-term
Working memory is another name for this.
Primary
The first item in a series is more easily remembered because of this effect.
Semantic
Memory consists of general knowledge.
Interference
Is the process in which information in short-term memory is lost when new information appears.
Repression
Disturbing memories may be pushed out of the conscious mind in the process of.
Infantile
Amnesia is the loss of memories of the events that occurred before the age of three.
Semantic
Information stored as this code is stored according to its meaning.