42 terms

chp 10 heart and lymph

acute coronary syndrome
sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or myocardial infarction
reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells
balloning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall
angina pectoris
chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle
cardiac arrest
sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective curculation
cardiac tamponade
acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
coarctation of the aorta
congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta
congenital heart disease
heart abnormality present at birth
congestive heart failure
inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs
coronary occlusion
obstruction of an artery of the heart
deep vein thronbosis
condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body
any disturbance or abnormality in the heart's normal rhythmic pattern
bolld colt or foreign material, such as air or fat that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point
rapid quivering, noncoordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles
an irom metabolism disorder tha occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food, resulting in excessive deposits of iron in the tissue.
inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency fo the coagulation factor VIII
varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external
hodgkin disease
malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes.
hypertensive heart disease
diorder of the hear brought about by persistnet high blood pressure
intermittent claudication
pain and discomfor in calf muscles while walking
malignant disease cahracterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cell formed in the bone marrow
mitral valve stenosis
a narrowing of the mitral (bicuspid) valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever
myocardial infarction
death (necrosis) of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply
peripheral arterial disease
disease of the arteries, other the those of the heart and brain that affects blood circulation
rheumatic fever
an inflammatory disease, usually occurring in children and often after an upper respiratory tract streptococcal infection
rheumatic hear disease
damage to the hear muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever
sickle cell anemia
a hereditary hemolytic disease characterized by cresent-or sicke-shaped red blood cells
varicose veins
distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities
surgical exision of an aneurysm
coronary artery bypass graft
surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscle by detouring around blocked arteries
coronary stent
a supportive scaffold device inplanted in the coronary artery
application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm
excision of an embolus or clot
femoropopliteal bypass
surgery to establish an alternate rout from femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction
excision of hemorroids
intracoronary thrombolytic therapy
an injection of an intravenous medication dissolve blood clots in coronay vessels
laser angioplasty
the use of light amplification sy stimulated emission of radiation to open blocked arteries
mitral commissurotomy
surgical procedure to repair a stenosed mitral valve by breaking apart the leaves
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel into a coronary artery to the area where plaque is formed.
digital subtraction angioplasty
a process of digital x-ray inaging of the blood vessels that subtracts structures not being studied
doppler ultrasound
a study that uses sound to detection of blood flow within the vessels
single-photon emission computed tomography
a neclear medicine scan that visualizes the hear from several different angles.