38 terms

US History- World War 1

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Allied Powers
Great Britain, Russia, France, US
Central Powers
Germany, Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria
Trench Warfare
Most common war strategy during WWI
Machine guns
shoots in rapid succession, changing how wars are fought
Poison gas
new form of warfare using biological or chemical weapons
Tanks
new technology allowing soldiers to advance across No Man's Land
Airplanes
New technology allowing aerial support
War of Attrition
warfare where one side tried to wear down the other
Neutrality
original U.S. position toward WWI
Lusitania
British passenger ship sunk by the Germans, 128 Americans died, turned public opinion in the war
Zimmerman Telegram
decoded message from German diplomat to Mexico offering U.S. territory (Texas) if Mexico fought the U.S. in WWI.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Rejected President Wilson's 14 points and was the main driving force behind the U.S. not approving the Treaty of Versailles
Espionage and Sedition Act
Congress made it illegal to speak out against the government's war efforts, incite disloyalty or persuade men from avoiding the draft, and outlawed disloyal or profane language directed against the constitution, military uniforms & flag
Wilson's 14 Points
plan for organizing post-war Europe in order to avoid future wars
League of Nations
international organization of nations formed in 1919 to prevent future wars
Reparations
war payments made by a losing country after war
General John Pershing
leader of the U.S. AEF forces in Europe
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. armed forces sent over to fight in Europe during WWI. Not a legitimate army
War to End All Wars
the idea that WWI would, with all its destruction & devastation, end warfare
no man's land
A strip of land between the trenches of opposing armies along the Western Front during WW1
total war
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion
armistice
A temporary peace agreement to end fighting.
Von Schlieffen Plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts, attacking France first, then Russia.
Eastern Front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
Western Front
in WWI, the region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other
U-Boat warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Fourteen Points
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
reparations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
ultimatum
A demand or threat that is final
main causes of the war
militarism, alliances, nationalism, imperialism
Allies of World War I
Composed of France, Britain, and Russia, and later Japan and Italy, the Allies fought the Central Powers in World War I. The United States joined the Allies in 1917.
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Kaiser Wilhelm II
militaristic and nationalistic leader of Germany during the last decade of the 1800's and most of WWI
stalemate
A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other.
U-boat
German submarine - u boat is short of the German word, Unterseeboot (Under Sea Boat)
barbed wire
was laid out between the trenches to slow down advancing enemy forces
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