lacks seriousness of purpose of subtlety of manner and has little intellectual appeal. Some features are: quarreling, fighting, falling, tripping, noisy singing, boisterous conduct, boasting, burlesque, trickery, buffoonery, clownishness, drunkenness, coarse jesting, word play, dirty jokes, dirty gestures, sex, and elimination. Often focused on the physical aspects of being human. Characters argue about ideas like politics, religion, sex, marriage, war, and government. They use their wit, their clever language to mock opponents in argument. This is a subtle way to satirize institutions like political parties, governments, churches, war, and marriage.