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Guide to cooking and techniques
Terms in this set (51)
to cook food, covered or uncovered, using the indirect heat of the oven.
to moisten foods during cooking each pan drippings or a sauce in order to add flavor and prevent drying.
to make a mixture smooth by briskly whipping or stirring it with a spoon, fork, wire whisk, rotary beater, or electric mixture.
to partially cook fruits, vegetables, or nuts in boiling water or steam, loosen skins from tomatoes, peaches and almonds.
to combine two or more ingredients until smooth and uniform in texture, flavor and color. down by hand or blender or mixer
to cook food in liquid temperature that causes bubbles to form in the liquid and rise in a steady pattern, breaking on the surface.
to cook food slowly in a small amount of liquid in a tightly covered pan on the range top or in the oven.
to cook food a measured distance below direct, dry heat.
to cook food in a skillet, broiler or oven.
to cool a food to below room temperature in the refrigerator or freezer.
to cut foods with a knife, cleaver, or food processor into smaller pieces.
to beat a fat, such as butter either alone or with sugar for fluffy consistency.
cut to uniform pieces
to work a solid fat, such as butter into dry ingredients. with pastry blender.
a measure equal to 1/16 teaspoon.
means to cut into uniform pieces 1/8 to 1/4 inch on all sides.
to stir a solid food and a liquid food together to form a mixture.
to coat a food, either before or after cooking with a dry ingredient.
to lightly coat or sprinkle a food with a dry ingredient
a method of gently mixing ingredients usually delicate or whipped. use a rubber spatula to cut through mixture.
to cook food in hot cooking oil or fat, usually until a crisp brown crust forms. panfry is to cook food in a skillet.
to add visual appeal to a finished dish
to rub food especially hard cheeses, veggies or ginger.. to make fine pieces
to mechanically cut a food into small pieces, usually with a food grinder or processor
to cut food into thin matchlike sticks about 2 inches long.
to work dough with the heels of your hands in a pressing and folding motion until in becomes smooth and elastic
to gently swirl one food into another.. usually done with light and dark batters for cakes or cookies
a liquid in which food is allowed to stand in order to flavor or tenderize it. don't use metal container
to press or beat a food to remove lumps and make a smooth mixture. done with a fork, ricer, electric mixers
to heat a solid food such as chocolate, margarine. until it becomes a liquid
chopping a food into tiny irregular pieces.
to stir or beat two or more foods together until throughly combined.
to add enough liquid to a dry ingredient or mixture to make it damp not runny.
to cook a food, in a skillet without added fat, removing any fat.
to cut off the skin or outer covering of a fruit or veggie using a knife or peeler.
the skin or outer covering of a vegetable or fruit.. also may be called the rind.
to cook a food by partially or completely submerging it in a simmering liquid.
to heat an oven or utensil to a specific temperature before using it.
a large piece of meat or poultry. a dry heat heating method.
to cook or brown a food in a small amount of hot fat.
to heat a liquid, often milk, to a temperature just below the boiling point, when tiny bubbles just begin to appear,around the edge of the liquid.
to cut narrow grooves or slits partway through the outer surface of a food to tenderize it or to form a decorative pattern.
to push food across a shredding surface to make long, narrow strips or very thin surface.
to put one or more dry ingredients, especially flour or powdered sugar, through a sifter a sieve to remove lumps and incorporate air.
to cook a food in liquid that is kept just below the boiling point, a few bubbles will form slowly and burst just before they reach the surface.
a flat, usually thin, piece of food cut from a larger piece. cutting flat, thin pieces.
to cook a food in the vapor given off by boiling water.
to mix ingredients with a spoon or other utensil to combine them, to prevent them from sticking during cooking, or to cool them after cooking.
A slice of dried bread. also the process of heating nuts, seeds, or coconut in the oven or on the range top until they are slightly browned to enhance their flavor.
to mix ingredients lightly by lifting and dropping them using two utensils.
to beat a food lightly and rapidly using a wire whisk, rotary beater, or electric mixer to incorporate air into the mixture and increase its volume.
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