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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Neuropeptides
  2. Prostaglandins
  3. Amino Acid-Based Hormones
  4. Diabetes Mellitus
  5. Pituitary Gland
  1. a It is suspended from the hypothalamus by a short stalk. The hypothalamus produces hormones that are stored in this gland or that regulate this gland's activity.
  2. b Hormones made of amino acids. They can be a single modified amino acido or a protein made up of 3-200 amino acids. They are usually water soluble.
  3. c Hormones secreted by the nervous system. Unlike neurotransmitters, they tend to affect many cells near the nerve cells that release them.
  4. d It is caused by insulin deficiency in the body. This condition means that cell are unable to obtain glucose, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose readings.
  5. e Modified fatty acids that are secreted by most cells. They accumulate in areas where tissues are disturbed or injured. Some reduce blood pressure, and others raise blood pressure. Some cause smooth muscles to contract while still others cause smooth muscles to relax. Some even cause fever. Aspirin and acetaminophen reduce fever and decrease pain by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Stimulate the anterior pituitary to make and secrete hormones.
  2. Promotes the production of glucose from proteins making usable energy available to cells.
  3. Endocrine cells within the walls of some digestive organs also secrete a variety of hormones that control digestive processes. Some examples of these hormones include gastrin and secretin.
  4. One of these is located over each kidney and each has an inner core, the medulla and the outer layer, the cortex. The medulla and cortex function as separate endocrine glands. Secretion of hormones in the medulla is controlled by the nervous system while hormones in the anterior pituitary regulate secretion of hormones in the cortex. The cortex responds specifically to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland.
  5. These inhibit production and secretion of anterior-pituitary hormones.

5 True/False questions

  1. MelatoninA hormone secreted by digestive cells that stimulates other stomach cells to release digestive enzymes such as hydrochloric acid.


  2. HyperthyroidismAbnormal thyroid overactivity can be detrimental to the body's metabolism. Overproduction of the thyroid hormones has some symptoms, such as: overactivity, weight loss, and high blood pressure, and heart rate, and body temperature. It can be treated with medication or by surgically removing part of the thyroid gland.


  3. GlucagonThe ovaries in females, and the testes in males. These are gamete-producing organs that also produce a group of steroid sex hormones. Sex hormones regulate body changes that begin at puberty.


  4. Exocrine GlandsDuctless organs that secrete hormones either into the bloodstream or into the extra-cellular fluid or liquid around the cell.


  5. PancreasA group of sex hormones secreted by the testes.