elements of any text other than the writing itself which helps you locate and learn information. Ex: illustrations/diagrams, timelines, lists, Titles/subtitles, caps, maps, table of contents, glossary....
Text written to explain and give information about a topic; it gives facts and information about a topic and has text features. .
Table of contents
The table of contents generally lists part, chapter, and unit and section titles; students can see how it summarizes the major concepts and ideas to be covered in the course.
A list of key terms in alphabetical order with definitions.
An alphabetical listing of the key names, terms, events, and topics with page numbers.
A descriptive heading for a book chapter, a magazine article, or a speech—gives readers hints about the topic of the text
heading beneath the main title that is in smaller font and further explains the topic of the main title
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about
bold descriptors that help "chunk" or group information and help readers predict the subject of the paragraph or section—help readers see organizational patterns in a text
an image of a real scene captured by a cameral and printed
picture/graphic that complements text--helps explain a topic or concept
a title or explanation for a picture or illustration—helps the reader further understand the picture or photograph
A section of offset text which further explains or enhances meaning of the main text
A drawing of a route or location used to extend/illustrate meaning and summarize the text
a simple explanatory drawing showing the basic shape, layout, or workings of a topic or idea
An arrangement of information or data into columns and rows or a condensed list—helps the reader summarize/compare information
a graphic, chronological representation of key events, often consisting of visuals—helps the reader understand sequence of time or chain of events.
The writer either tells the reader how to do something (step-by-step) or describes how something is done or happened.
Compare and contrast
The writer explains the similarities and differences between at least two objects or ideas. The purpose is to develop the relationship between them and, in the process, explain both in detail.
Cause and effect
The writer presents a reason or motive for an event, situation, or trend and then explains its result or consequence.
Problem and solution
The writer states a problem and lists one or more solutions for the problem. A variation of this pattern is the question-and-answer format, in which the author poses a question and then answers it.