21 terms

Expository Text Features-Reading

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

Text Features
elements of any text other than the writing itself which helps you locate and learn information. Ex: illustrations/diagrams, timelines, lists, Titles/subtitles, caps, maps, table of contents, glossary....
Expository Text
Text written to explain and give information about a topic; it gives facts and information about a topic and has text features.
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Table of contents
The table of contents generally lists part, chapter, and unit and section titles; students can see how it summarizes the major concepts and ideas to be covered in the course.
Glossary
A list of key terms in alphabetical order with definitions.
Index
An alphabetical listing of the key names, terms, events, and topics with page numbers.
Main title
A descriptive heading for a book chapter, a magazine article, or a speech—gives readers hints about the topic of the text
Sub title
heading beneath the main title that is in smaller font and further explains the topic of the main title
Heading
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about
Sub heading
bold descriptors that help "chunk" or group information and help readers predict the subject of the paragraph or section—help readers see organizational patterns in a text
Photographs
an image of a real scene captured by a cameral and printed
Illustrations
picture/graphic that complements text--helps explain a topic or concept
Captions
a title or explanation for a picture or illustration—helps the reader further understand the picture or photograph
Textbox
A section of offset text which further explains or enhances meaning of the main text
Maps
A drawing of a route or location used to extend/illustrate meaning and summarize the text
Diagrams
a simple explanatory drawing showing the basic shape, layout, or workings of a topic or idea
Tables
An arrangement of information or data into columns and rows or a condensed list—helps the reader summarize/compare information
Timelines
a graphic, chronological representation of key events, often consisting of visuals—helps the reader
understand sequence of time or chain of events.
Sequence
The writer either tells the reader how to do
something (step-by-step) or describes how
something is done or happened.
Compare and contrast
The writer explains the similarities and
differences between at least two objects
or ideas. The purpose is to develop the
relationship between them and, in the process,
explain both in detail.
Cause and effect
The writer presents a reason or motive for an
event, situation, or trend and then explains its
result or consequence.
Problem and solution
The writer states a problem and lists one or
more solutions for the problem. A variation
of this pattern is the question-and-answer
format, in which the author poses a question
and then answers it.

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